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White Throated Kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnensis) complete detail

White Throated Kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnensis) complete detail.  Description of White Throated Kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnensis). Classification of White Throated Kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnensis). 
Habit and habitat of White Throated Kingfisher. White-throated kingfishers is the most familiar of our kingfishers. It is usually met with single in the neighborhood of inundated paddy-fields, ponds-, puddles, kittclui wells and on the sandy seashore, both near and away from human habitations. Identification of White Throated Kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnensis). White-throated kingfishers has a bright blue back. The large legs are bright red. 
The call of this kingfisher is a chuckling chake-ake-ake-ake-ake. Both Sexes are similar, but juveniles are a duller version of the adult. They are carnivorous. Breeding occurs from February through August, with most activity during the period from April to July. During the breeding season they call loudly in the mornings from prominent perches including the tops of buildings in urban areas or on wires. 
The tail may be flicked now and in its courtship display the wings are stiffly flicked open for a second or two exposing the white wing mirrors. They also raise their bill high and display the white throat and front. The female White-throated Kingfisher also employs her wings for signaling during the breeding months. To signal that she is receptive, the female kingfisher approaches…………

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Click here to view State wise list of Indian state birds (symbols) – updated

Distinctive Identification

Size between 26 cm. to 28 cm. Weigh between 65 to 85 g. and have a wingspan of 110-130 mm.

White-throated kingfishers has a bright blue back. The large legs are bright red. White-throated kingfishers have thick, reddish-orange bills, and dark chocolate-colored heads, bellies, and shoulders. Flanks and lower belly are chestnut, and the throat and breast are white.

A brilliant white patch can be found on the throat and sometimes the breast. The wings and tail are bright blue with white patches on the primaries and black distal tips.

The flight of the white-throated kingfisher is rapid and direct, the short rounded wings whirring. In flight, large white patches are visible on the blue and black wings. Both Sexes are similar, but juveniles are a duller version of the adult.

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Classification

Common Name – White Throated Kingfisher

Local Name – kilkila and kourilla

Other Name – white-breasted kingfisher or Smyrna kingfisher

Zoological Name – Halcyon smyrnensis

Kingdom – Animalia

Phylum – Chordata

Class – Aves

Order – Coraciiformes

Family – Halcyonidae

Genus – Halcyon

Conservational Status – Schedule – IV, according to wildlife (Protection) act, 1972 and classified as Least Concern (LC) by the IUCN.

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Distribution

The white-breasted kingfisher is mainly found in Asia, although a very small breeding population is known from Europe.

Habit and habitat

White-throated kingfishers is the most familiar of our kingfishers. It is usually met with single in the neighborhood of inundated paddy-fields, ponds-, puddles, kittclui wells and on the sandy seashore, both near and away from human habitations.

White-throated kingfishers are common in agricultural areas, swamps, marshes, near ponds, lakes, in parklands and in mangrove swamps.

White-throated kingfishers are carnivorous, Feeds on a wide range of prey that includes small reptiles, amphibians, large crustaceans, crabs, small rodents, snakes, fish, frogs, grasshoppers, lizards, insects and even birds.

The call of this kingfisher is a chuckling chake-ake-ake-ake-ake. They are particularly noisy in the breeding season.

Breeding occurs from February through August, with most activity during the period from April to July. White-throated kingfishers breed once yearly.

During the breeding season they call loudly in the mornings from prominent perches including the tops of buildings in urban areas or on wires. The tail may be flicked now and in its courtship display the wings are stiffly flicked open for a second or two exposing the white wing mirrors. They also raise their bill high and display the white throat and front.

The female White-throated Kingfisher also employs her wings for signaling during the breeding months. To signal that she is receptive, the female kingfisher approaches the male, partially opens her wings and performs a shivering motion while letting out a repetitive clicking kit-kit-kit… call.

Click here to view State wise list of Indian state animals (symbols) – updated

Mating birds dig a 50 cm to 1 m deep burrow into a vertical embankment or wall. The tunnel usual slants upward and terminates in a wider nesting chamber. The floor of this chamber is not lined, but usually becomes scattered with feeding and waste detritus. Both parents share the incubation of their 3 to 7 eggs.

The eggs take 20–22 days to hatch while the chicks fledge in 19 days. Both parents participate in nest-building, clutch incubation, and the feeding and general rearing of the offspring. Average life span of White Throated Kingfisher is 5 years.

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