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State bird of Uttar Pradesh -complete detail – updated

State bird of Uttar Pradesh – complete detail – updated. Description of State bird of Uttar Pradesh. Name of State bird of Uttar Pradesh is Sarus crane. Habit and habitat of Sarus crane. They prefer wetlands areas. 
The Sarus crane is the tallest flying bird in the world, standing at a height of up to 180 cm. During courtship displays, female utters two calls while male gives only one. The overall body color is grey or dirty white. The upper neck and head is bright red in color.
The bare red skin of the adult’s head and neck is brighter during the breeding season. They have black hair like bristles cover the upper throat and neck. The crown of Sarus crane is grey or dirty white……………..
The nest is made within shallow water or fields near the ponds or canals by piling up rushes, straw, grasses with their roots and mud. They usually breeds during the monsoon season (July to October).

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Click here to view State wise list of Indian state animals (symbols) – updated

Distinctive Identification

Sarus crane is a Schedule – IV bird, according to wildlife (Protection) act, 1972 and classified as Vulnerable (VU) by the IUCN.

The sarus crane is the tallest flying bird in the world, standing at a height of up to 180 cm. Size of adult Sarus crane is between 140 to 160 cm. The weight of adult is between 5.0 to 8.4 kg. They have a wingspan of 200 to 280 cm.

The overall body color is grey or dirty white. The upper neck and head is bright red in color. The bare red skin of the adult’s head and neck is brighter during the breeding season. They have black hair like bristles cover the upper throat and neck. The crown of Sarus crane is grey or dirty white.

They have predominantly grey plumage. The bill is pointed, long and strong, the color of bill is paler grey or dirty white. The legs are also long and strong, and paler red or pinkish red in color.

They have unique paler white or dirty white ear patch on each side of the head. Eyes are dark brown. In flight, the long neck is kept straight, and the black wing tips can be seen, their legs trail behind them.

Both sexes are similar, but male slightly larger than female.

Young cranes are darker than adults, tinged with cinnamon. Head is covered with cinnamon-brown feathers.

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Classification

Common Name – Sarus crane

Local Name – Saras

Zoological Name – Grus antigone

Kingdom – Animalia

Phylum – Chordata

Class – Aves

Order – Gruiformes

Family – Gruidae

Genus – Grus

Conservational Status – Schedule – IV, according to wildlife (Protection) act, 1972 and classified as Vulnerable (VU) by the IUCN.

Distribution

They found in India Subcontinent, Pakistan, Nepal, South-east Asia, and Australia.

In India, they found in West Bengal, Assam, Gujarat, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh. Sarus crane also found in Bihar and Rajasthan.

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Click here to view State wise list of Indian state birds (symbols) – updated.

Habit and habitat

They prefer wetlands areas. Sarus crane also found in cultivated areas, canals, ponds, and marshes. During dry season, Sarus Crane is found in shallow wetlands, cultivated fields, and wet grasslands. They roost in shallow water, where they may be safe from some ground predators.

Sarus Cranes are social birds. They usually seen in pairs or small family groups, sometime large groups. Non-breeding birds stay in flocks until they are able to find partners and set up a breeding territory.

Sarus crane is a omnivorous bird. They feed on marshes, berries, seeds, roots, tubers, insects, frogs, reptiles, fishes, eggs of birds, invertebrates, butterflies, and grasshoppers. They forage in shallow water.

They flies with straight neck, and long legs trailing behind them. They perform powerful wing beats, and they are good fliers. They may fly as fast as 52 m.p.h.

Sarus Cranes are monogamous and mate for life. They have long-lasting pair bonds and maintain territories within which they perform territorial and courtship displays.

Adult Cranes do not moult their feathers annually and replace them only once every 2 or 3 years.

Calls – hissing, shrill korrrs, and throaty hrrrrs.  Sarus Crane utters loud, high-pitched calls. During courtship displays, female utters two calls while male gives only one. The unison call made by paired adults is the most well-known call and is a loud far-reaching trumpeting.

Breeding pairs maintain territories that are defended from other cranes using a large repertoire of calls and displays. The age of sexual maturity is between 3 to 6 years.

They usually breeds during the monsoon season (July to October). During the mating season both male and female dance around each other.

The nest is made within shallow water or fields near the ponds or canals by piling up rushes, straw, grasses with their roots and mud.

Eggs 2 to 3, chalky white. Incubation period is between 27 to 35 days. Both parents take part in incubation. The average lifespan of sarus crane is 20 years.

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