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State bird of Maharashtra – complete detail – updated

State bird of Maharashtra – complete detail – updated. Description of state bird  of Maharashtra. Name of the State bird of Maharashtra is Yellow footed green pigeon. Habit and habitat of Yellow footed green pigeon. They prefer semi evergreen forests, deciduous forest, wooded habitats and secondary forests up to 800 meter. They commonly found in road side trees particularly Banyan and Peepal trees. Also visits………….
Size of adult Yellow footed green pigeon is between 29 to 33 cm. The length of the tail is between 8 to 10 cm. Weight of adult is between 225 to 260 g. They are social birds. They forage in flocks. They have yellowish olive-green body, duller above with a blue grey crown. Forehead and lores often suffused pale olive-green.
They have lilac patch on the shoulders and a conspicuous yellow bar in the blackish wings. Neck dark golden olive-yellow tinged greenish, mauve shoulder patch, bright yellow fringes to the wing coverts. Mantle and scapulars dull grey green, the mantle bordered above with a distinct blue grey band. Abdomen dull green with greyer flanks and bright sulphur-yellow lower belly and leg feathers. Bright yellow legs always diagnostic for this………….
The breeding season is between March to June. During the courtship the male puffs out his throat and breast, lowers his wings, ruffles out his feathers, then prances solemnly up and down the branch, continually bowing his head and whistling softly as he makes his way backwards and forwards to and from the female. Sometimes the female responds with a similar but less intense version of this display.
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Click here to view State wise list of Indian state animals (symbols) – updated

Distinctive Identification

Yellow footed green pigeon is a Schedule – IV bird, according to wildlife (Protection) act, 1972 and classified as Least Concern (LC) by the IUCN.

Yellow footed green pigeon is a beautiful bird. Size of adult Yellow footed green pigeon is between 29 to 33 cm. The length of the tail is between 8 to 10 cm. Weight of adult is between 225 to 260 g. They have a wingspan of 17 to 19 cm.

They have yellowish olive-green body, duller above with a blue grey crown. Forehead and lores often suffused pale olive-green. They have lilac patch on the shoulders and a conspicuous yellow bar in the blackish wings.

Neck dark golden olive-yellow tinged greenish, mauve shoulder patch, bright yellow fringes to the wing coverts.

Mantle and scapulars dull grey green, the mantle bordered above with a distinct blue grey band. Abdomen dull green with greyer flanks and bright sulphur-yellow lower belly and leg feathers. Bright yellow legs always diagnostic for this species.

Lesser coverts olive with those near the bend of the wing mauve. Median and greater coverts grey tinged olive, with pale yellow fringes to the apical halves of the outerwebs. Outer greater coverts blakish.

Tail slaty grey tinged olive basally, especially on the centeral feathers. Upper tail light greenish with broad, dark grey terminal bar. Under tail black basally, apical half ashy grey. Under wing pale grey tinged olive on the leading edge.

Iris outer ring pink-red, inner pale blue, and the bill is silver grey with light green color.

Female slightly duller than male. Adult female very similar to the male but tends to be duller and with a more restricted mauve shoulder patch.

Juvenile paler and duller than the female, lacking or almost lacking the mauve shoulder patch.

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Classification

Common Name – Yellow footed green pigeon

Local Name – Hariyal or Harial

Zoological Name – Treron phoenicoptera

Kingdom – Animalia

Phylum – Chordata

Class – Aves

Order – Columbiformes

Family – Columbidae

Genus – Treron

Conservational Status – Schedule – IV, according to wildlife (Protection) act, 1972 and classified as Least Concern (LC) by the IUCN.

Distribution

They found in India, Sri Lanka, Burma, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, China, Thailand, Cambodia, and Indochina. Found practically throughout the Indian Umpire, except Sind, Baluchistan and the desert tracts of the North-West.

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Habit and habitat

They prefer semi evergreen forests, deciduous forest, wooded habitats and secondary forests up to 800 meter. They commonly found in road side trees particularly Banyan and Peepal trees. Also visits gardens even inside towns.

They also found in a wide range of wooded habitats including dry and moist deciduous forest, secondary growth, scrubland, groves of trees in open country, agricultural land, villages, overgrown gardens and tree lined roads.

They are social birds. They found in pairs or small groups (up to 5 to 10 Individuals) and sometime large groups. They are gregarious and arboreal, only rarely descending to the ground.

The flight is noisy, swift, strong, and direct, and the call is a series of about ten beautiful, mellow, musical whistles, which usually give the first indication of their presence in a locality.

Yellow footed green pigeons are herbivores. They feed on various fruits, berries and crops. They also feed on buds, shoots and various grains.

They forage in flocks. In the early morning they are often seen on the tops of emergent trees in dense forest areas. At the time of resting, they often perches on the highest branches of a tall tree in pairs or small groups.

Click here to view State wise list of Indian state birds (symbols) – updated.

The breeding season is between March to June. During the courtship the male puffs out his throat and breast, lowers his wings, ruffles out his feathers, then prances solemnly up and down the branch, continually bowing his head and whistling softly as he makes his way backwards and forwards to and from the female. Sometimes the female responds with a similar but less intense version of this display.

Nest is a relatively slight platform of twigs in a tree or shrub. Eggs 1 to 2, white, glossy in color. Incubated period is between 13 to 15 days. Both sexes share domestic duties.

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4 comments

  1. yes mind blowing. .

  2. Does this species have any sub species too?

  3. Vijay Choudhary

    yes

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