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State animal of Telangana (Deer) – complete detail – updated

State animal of Telangana (Deer) – complete detail – updated. Description of State animal of Telangana. Name of State animal of Telangana is Deer. Habit and habitat of Spotted deer. They prefer dense deciduous forests, semi-evergreen forests, and open grasslands. They also prefer heavy forest cover for shade. The highest numbers of spotted deers are found in the forests of India.
The spotted deer is perhaps the most beautiful of all deer. The weight of adult spotted deer is between 35 to 85 kg. Head to body length measures about 90 to 140 cm. They can run up to 60 to 65 km/h to escape its predators. Spotted deer is a social animal. Males have antlers on skull. Antlers have a six tines, three tines on each antler. The brow tine forms nearly a right angle with the beam and the front tine of the terminal fork is much longer than the hind tine.
The length of antlers is between 50 to 80 cm. Both sexes have well-developed metatarsal glands and pedal glands on their hind legs. Males have larger………….
They breed throughout the year, but peak in April to August. Sexually active males follow these groups during the mating season while less active males form bachelor herds. The pair will do several bouts of chasing and mutual licking before copulation. They commonly occur in herds of 6 to 30, which may contain 2 or 3 stags. Herds are common and composed of adult females and their young from the present and previous year. . Large dominant stags without velvet stay in the center of the herd………

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Click here to view State wise list of Indian state animals (symbols) – updated

Distinctive Identification

Spotted deer is a Schedule – III animal, according to wildlife (Protection) act, 1972 and classified as Least Concern (LC) by the IUCN.

The spotted deer is perhaps the most beautiful of all deer. The weight of adult spotted deer is between 35 to 85 kg. Head to body length measures about 90 to 140 cm. The length of tail about 10 to 25 cm. They are about 70 to 90 cm high at the shoulder.

The color of body is bright golden brown with white spots. White spots occur in both sexes and run longitudinally in rows throughout the duration of the animal’s life. Males being slightly darker than females.

The head is a slightly lighter shade of golden brown than the body, and the eyes are surrounded by a ring of paler furs. Males have black facial markings. A dark dorsal stripe runs the length of the animals back, and this is bordered by a row of spots.

The underparts are white or creamy in color. The tail is short, with white underparts. They have white furs on the lower lip and chin.

The legs are short and strong, with white or creamy underparts and light brown or whitish brown outer parts. They have a large, white throat patch which is more prominent in the males.

Males have antlers on skull. Antlers have a six tines, three tines on each antler. The brow tine forms nearly a right angle with the beam and the front tine of the terminal fork is much longer than the hind tine. The length of antlers is between 50 to 80 cm.

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Classification

Common Name – Spotted deer / Axis deer

Local Name – Jhank / Chital / Jinka / Hiran

Zoological Name – Axis axis

Kingdom – Animalia

Phylum – Chordata

Class – Mammalia

Order – Cetartiodactyla

Family – Cervidae

Subfamily – Cervinae

Genus – Axis

Conservational Status – Schedule – III, according to wildlife (Protection) act, 1972 and classified as Least Concern (LC) by the IUCN.

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Distribution

They found in India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan, and Pakistan. Spotted deer have also been introduced to Argentina, Australia, Brazil, South Africa, USA, and Argentina.

Habit and habitat

They prefer dense deciduous forests, semi-evergreen forests, and open grasslands. They also prefer heavy forest cover for shade. The highest numbers of spotted deers are found in the forests of India.

Spotted deer is a social animal. They commonly occur in herds of 6 to 30, which may contain 2 or 3 stags. Herds are common and composed of adult females and their young from the present and previous year. Large dominant stags without velvet stay in the center of the herd and are surrounded by the females and their young.

They are herbivores, and feed on various type grasses, herbs, shrubs, leaves, fruits and branches of trees. They also eat their shed antlers as a source of nutrients, and will use mineral licks. They prefer to be near water and will drink in mornings and evenings in hot weather.

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They can run up to 60 to 65 km/h to escape its predators. They are most active in the morning and late afternoon, and rest in shaded areas during the midday heat.

They are extremely nervous animals and are always on the alert for a stalking predator. They are often seen under trees housing Langurs, due to their higher perch, the langurs forewarn them about approaching danger and Langurs also provide food material to deers, like fruits and lives.

Both sexes have well-developed metatarsal glands and pedal glands on their hind legs. Males have larger preorbital glands than females and are opened very often in response to certain stimuli.

The age of sexual maturity is between 12 to 18 months for females, and 18 to 30 months for males.

They breed throughout the year, but peak in April to August. Males throwing their heads back and letting out loud mating calls, during this period.

Click here to view State wise list of Indian state birds (symbols) – updated.

Sexually active males follow these groups during the mating season while less active males form bachelor herds. The pair will do several bouts of chasing and mutual licking before copulation.

Females usually give birth to a single young, sometimes 2 fawns are born, after a gestation period of 7 to 8 months. Fawns are nursed by their mother until they reach 6 months old.

The lifespan of spotted deer is between 8 to 20 years.

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