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State animal of Arunachal Pradesh – complete detail – updated

State animal of Arunachal Pradesh – complete detail – updated. Description of State animal of Arunachal Pradesh – Gayal – Mithun – Bos frontalis. What is the name of State animal of Arunachal Pradesh. Habit and habitat of Gayal. Gayal are found in Nepal, India to Indochina, and the Malay Peninsula.
They found in small groups and usually contain one adult male and several females and juveniles. The skin color of the head and body is blackish-brown in both sexes, and the lower portion of the limbs are white or yellowish, the shank and forehead are creamy white or yellowish in color.
Horns are 1.5 to 4.0 feet long and grow from the sides of the head, curving upwards. Yellow at the base, they gradually darken along their length until turning black at the tips. The horns of young ones are smooth and polished but in adults, the horns are rugged and indented at the base. The short hair is dark reddish brown to blackish brown in color, while the lower legs are white. Males are larger than females……….. 
The average age of sexual or reproductive maturity for female is between 19 to 21 months for male is between 18 to 20 month. Breeding can take place at any time throughout the year, though there is a peak between December and June.

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Click here to view State wise list of Indian state animals (symbols) – updated

Distinctive Identification

Gayal has been classified as Vulnerable by the IUCN. The weight of adult is between 600 kg to 1000 kg. Size between 240 cm to 330 cm. and the length of tail is between 70 cm to 105 cm. They are about 165 cm to 225 cm high at the shoulder.

The skin color of the head and body is blackish-brown in both sexes, and the lower portion of the limbs are white or yellowish, the shank and forehead are creamy white or yellowish in color.

Gayal has no hump above the dorsal ridge but the ball has an exuberance of flesh immediately over the shoulder.

The animal has a huge head, deep massive body and sturdy limbs. The neck is short. The forehead is broad and concave. It has broad ears and small dewlap.

Horns are 1.5 to 4.0 feet long and grow from the sides of the head, curving upwards. Yellow at the base, they gradually darken along their length until turning black at the tips. The horns of young ones are smooth and polished but in adults, the horns are rugged and indented at the base.

The short hair is dark reddish brown to blackish brown in color, while the lower legs are white. Males are larger than females.

Classification

Common Name – Gayal

Local Name – Mithun

Zoological Name – Bos frontalis

Kingdom – Animalia

Phylum – Chordata

Class – Mammalia

Order – Artiodactyla

Family – Bovidae

Subfamily – Bovinae

Genus – Bos

Conservational Status – Vulnerable (by the IUCN)

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Distribution

Gayal are found in Nepal, India to Indochina, and the Malay Peninsula. They live in forested hills and nearby grassy clearings at elevations of up to 5,900 feet.

In Indian, they found in the hills of Tripura, Mizoram, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland.

Habit and habitat

Gayal is a social animal, they found in small groups and usually contain one adult male and several females and juveniles.

Vocalizations include an alarm call, which consists of a high-pitched snort, and a growling “moo”. Bulls also have a “herd call”, which halts the herd and brings it together, and a roaring that can last for hours during mating periods.

Gayals typically feed in the morning and evening, but can become entirely nocturnal in areas greatly disturbed by humans. They prefers green grass, but also consume coarse, dry grasses, forbs, and leaves.

The average age of sexual or reproductive maturity for female is between 19 to 21 months and for male is between 18 to 20 month.

Click here to view State wise list of Indian state birds (symbols) – updated.

Breeding can take place at any time throughout the year, though there is a peak between December and June. Females have an interval of 12 to 16 months between births. The estrous cycle is three weeks long, and estrus lasts one to four days.

Usually one young is born. The gestation period is between 9 to 10 month. Calves are nursed for up to nine months. Average lifespan of Gayal is between 18 to 26 years.

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