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Southern grey shrike (Lanius meridionalis) Complete detail

Southern grey shrike (Lanius meridionalis) Complete detail – updated. Description of Southern grey shrike (Lanius meridionalis). Classification of Southern grey shrike (Lanius meridionalis). Habit and habitat of Southern grey shrike. 
Southern Grey Shrike favors open country of various kinds, from semi-desert to farmland, and from health and bogs to partly forest tundra, with scattered trees, bushes or scrubs. It needs open areas with lots of lookout points. They feeds on small birds, from finches to blackbirds, small reptiles and big insects. The eye patch of Southern Grey Shrike is generally larger, standing out in sharper contrast with white cheeks and rest of underparts. Black tail is long, with white outer feathers. Legs and feet are blackish. Slightly hooked bill is black……………..
Size of Southern grey shrike is between 22 cm to 27 cm including the tail. Wingspan is between 30 cm to 35 cm. The under-parts of meridionalis are pinkish grey. Local name of Southern grey shrike is Lahtora. Southern Grey Shrike has an agile and rapid flight. Female lays 4 to 6 greyish spotted dusk or reddish eggs. Incubation 14 – 17 days, by both adults, but more by female.

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Description 

Local name of Southern grey shrike is Lahtora. Size of Southern grey shrike is between 22 cm to 27 cm including the tail. Wingspan is between 30 cm to 35 cm. The Weight of adult is between 30 g. to 50 g. Lanius meridionalis has larger tarsi and has a powerful beak. It has darker back with a brownish tinge in nape and crown. White super cilium rarely extends beyond the eye and blends into forehead.

The under-parts of meridionalis are pinkish grey, while excubitor’s are white or with a light grey wash. The eye patch of Southern Grey Shrike is generally larger, standing out in sharper contrast with white cheeks and rest of underparts. Black tail is long, with white outer feathers. Legs and feet are blackish. Slightly hooked bill is black.

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Classification

Common Name – Southern grey shrike

Local Name – Lahtora

Zoological Name – Lanius meridionalis

Kingdom – Animalia

Phylum – Chordata

Class – Aves

Order – Passeriformes

Family – Laniidae

Genus – Lanius

Conservational Status – Schedule – IV, according to wildlife (Protection) act, 1972 and classified as Least Concern (LC) by the IUCN.

Distribution

Southern Grey Shrike found in many parts of Asia and Europe, Spain, except Galicia, Cantabrian coasts and the Balearics and in Southern France. They are residents, with only some occasional short distance movements.

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Habit and habitat

Southern Grey Shrike favors open country of various kinds, from semi-desert to farmland, and from health and bogs to partly forest tundra, with scattered trees, bushes or scrubs. It needs open areas with lots of lookout points.

Southern Grey Shrike perches on exposed and prominent tree or high perch where it spends most of time. While is perched, it moves the tail up and down, with its large head bowed down to the ground. This perch allows it to search some prey on ground, among weeds. Then, it dashes aggressively to the prey. It may hunt in flight, pursuing small birds and killing them.

Southern Grey Shrike feeds on small birds, from finches to blackbirds, small reptiles and big insects. Southern Grey Shrike has an agile and rapid flight. It flies strongly, with undulating manner.

Southern Grey Shrike’s nest is situated at 9 to 15 ft. above the ground, but also in a bush, at 4 ft. high. They can make the nest always in the same tree, year after year. Nest is relatively large, and built by both adults, male carrying material nest. Base is made with dry twigs, and they add a lot of moss. Then, they make a bulky structure with grasses, and lined with rootlets, wool, hair and feathers. Female lays 4 to 6 greyish spotted dusk or reddish eggs. Incubation 14 – 17 days, by both adults, but more by female.

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