Sanjay Gandhi (Borivilli) National Park complete detail – updated. Geography of Sanjay Gandhi (Borivilli) National Park. Dominant flora and fauna of Sanjay Gandhi (Borivilli) National Park. How to Reach Sanjay Gandhi (Borivilli) National Park. The park is nestled in the hill ranges to the east of the suburb of Borivilli.
Total area of the park is about 86.96 Km2. It was declared as a National Park in the year of 1983. Apart from its ecological value, the Park is a site of archaeological importance because of the presence of Kanheri caves which represent a rare fragment of Buddhist history. There are 800 varieties of flowering plants, 284 types of birds, 5,000 types of insects, 36 species of mammals, 50 kinds of reptiles and 150 species of butterfly are found here.
National park is an area which is strictly reserved for the betterment of the wildlife & biodiversity, and where activities like developmental, forestry, poaching, hunting and grazing on cultivation are not permitted. Their boundaries are well marked and circumscribed.
Sanjay Gandhi (Borivilli)
Sanjay Gandhi (Borivilli) National Park is a beautiful place, located in the Thane & Mumbai districts of the state of Maharashtra. The park lies on the northern fringes of suburban Mumbai, India. The park was earlier known as Borivilli National Park.
It was declared as a National Park in the year of 1983. Total area of the park is about 86.96 Km2. The Sanjay Gandhi National park is known for its dense forests, vast bird life, butterflies, and the small population of tigers. The park offers a pleasant change from the usual sights, attractions, rush and glamour of the big city.
The region of Sanjay Gandhi National Park is hilly and densely covered with trees and inhabits many animals. It is located at a height of 400m. The two lakes of the park are the Vihar Lake and the Tulsi Lake.
There are 800 varieties of flowering plants, 284 types of birds, 5,000 types of insects, 36 species of mammals, 50 kinds of reptiles and 150 species of butterfly are found here.
The Park is an example of one of the least represented biogeographic zones; the Malabar Coast of the Western Ghats which forms only 0.4% of the Protected Area network.
Apart from its ecological value, the Park is a site of archaeological importance because of the presence of Kanheri caves which represent a rare fragment of Buddhist history. The rich flora and fauna of Sanjay Gandhi National Park attracts more than 2 million visitors every year.
The undulating green lands of the Sanjay Gandhi National Park are just the kind of surroundings to which one would love to retreat for some moments of quiet introspection or meditation.
The park is decorated with a wide variety of flora and fauna. The main attraction of the park is its lion and tiger safari.
Lion and tiger safari, which lasts about 20 minutes, are conducted by the forest authorities and no private vehicles are allowed inside the enclosure.
The twelve-hectare Lion Safari Park with crisscrossed roads, offer close encounter with the majestic king, from special buses.
Two watch towers have been provided for the safety of the tourists. Migratory birds also flock to the park during season.
Traditionally, tribes such as Warlis and Mahadeo Kolis have inhabited the landscape but in recent times there has been an incursion by other tribes and non-tribal communities in and around the park.
The Sanjay Gandhi National Park area has a long written history dating back to the 4th century BC. In ancient India, Sopoara and Kalyan were two ports in the vicinity that traded with ancient civilizations such as Greece and Mesopotamia.
The 45 km land route between these two ports was partially through this forest. The Kanheri Caves in the center of the park were an important Buddhist learning center and pilgrimage site sculpted by Buddhist monks between 9th and the 1st centuries BCE.
In 1870, Vihar and Tulsi lakes were constructed by the British government to supply drinking water to Mumbai city.
In 1942, the Bombay Municipal Corporation acquired the catchment areas of these two lakes and also added the land from the government dairy of Aarey to protect it.
The park was named ‘Krishnagiri National Park’ in the pre-independence era. At that time the area of the park was only 20.26 km2. But after independence it was called Borivilli National Park as it is close to the residential area of Borivilli.
In the year 1981 the park was renamed as Sanjay Gandhi National Park, in memory of the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi’s son. The last tiger seen in the park was in 2003 after a gap of several decades.
Sanjay Gandhi (Borivilli) National Park is located in the Thane & Mumbai districts of the state of Maharashtra. The park lies on the northern fringes of suburban Mumbai, India.
The park is nestled in the hill ranges to the east of the suburb of Borivilli. It occupies most of the northern suburbs. To the west lie the townships of Goregaon, Malad, Kandivali, and Dahisar.
To the east lie the townships of Bhandup and Mulund. To the south lies the Aarey milk colony. The northern reaches of this forest lie in Thane city. The park and these areas surrounding it apart from Thane city are all part of Mumbai
The region is hilly with elevations between 30 m and 480 m. The park encompasses two lakes, Vihar lack and Tulsi lack, which meet part of the city’s water requirements. The park is said to be the lungs of the city as it purifies much of the air pollution of the city.
The park is home to a number of endangered species of flora and fauna.
Kadamb, Teak, Karanj, Shisham, Shirish, Euphorbia, Acacia, Zizyphus, Semal, Indian coral tree, Bamboo, Liana (woody climbers) etc.
Mammals – Tiger, Rhesus macaque, Bonnet macaque, Indian hare, Barking deer, Porcupine, Asian palm civet, Mouse deer, Grey langur, Indian flying fox, Sambar deer, Leopard, Striped hyena etc.
Birds – Kingfishers, Woodpeckers, Drongos, Sun bird, White bellied sea eagle, Paradise flycatcher, The elusive Trogon, Blue flycatcher, Jungle owlets, Golden orioles, Minivets, Magpies, Hornbills, Bulbuls, Peacocks, Swifts, Egrets, Herons etc.
Reptiles – Crocodiles, Monitor lizards, Pythons, Cobras, Russess’ viper, Bamboo pit viper, Ceylonese cat snakes etc.
Spiders – Giant wood spiders, Signature spiders, Black wood spider etc.
Vanrani narrow gauge train
Tiger and lion safari
Kanheri caves (2400year old)
Gardens and children parks.
Timings – 9:00 AM to 5:30 PM
Lunch break – 12:30 PM to 1:30 PM
Entry fee – Rs. 33/- per person (Those who overstay inside the park after 6:30 are fined Rs. 100/- per person)
Ticket Age Group No Ticket: Below 5 years, Child Ticket: between 5 to 12 years, Adult Ticket: Above 12 years.
A shuttle bus runs roughly every 20 minutes to the caves from the entrance of the park. The bus charges Rs. 33/person one way and Rs. 66 for a return journey.
The last shuttle bus for the caves leaves at 1:30 pm and the last bus from the caves to the park entrance leaves at 4 pm.
Timing – 9.00 AM to 12.30 PM and 1.30 PM to 5.30 PM
Lunch break: 12:30 PM to 1:30 PM
Number of 2 seater boats available are 9 – Rs.33
Number of 4 seater boats available are 4 – Rs.66
Tiger and Lion Safari
Timing – 9.00 AM to 12.30 PM and 2.00 PM to 4.30 PM
Fee – Rs. 55/- (Adults), Rs. 22/- (Children’s)
Video Camera Shooting Fee – Rs. 1050/- Per day
Vanrani Narrow Gauge Train
Timings are – 9:00 AM to 5:30 PM
Lunch break – 12:30 PM to 1:30 PM
Fee – Rs. 28/- (Adults), Rs. 11/- (Children’s)
Best time to visit
The best time of the year to visit the Sanjay Gandhi (Borivilli) National Park is between the months of September to March.
Note – The Park is closed on Monday.
How to Reach
By Air – Nearest airport is Mumbai airport, about 15 Km from the Sanjay Gandhi (Borivilli) National Park. Mumbai airport is well connected by road to Sanjay Gandhi (Borivilli) National Park.
By Rail – Sanjay Gandhi (Borivilli) National Park station is Borivilli railway station, about 30 Km from the Sanjay Gandhi (Borivilli) National Park. Borivilli railway station is well connected by road to Nameri National Park.
By Road – Sanjay Gandhi (Borivilli) National Park is well connected to Major Cities and Places by road network. There are a number of government and privately operated vehicles that go to Sanjay Gandhi (Borivilli) National Park at frequent intervals.
There are four rest houses and two camp sheds within the park for the visitors. The rest houses and camps are managed by the national park authority.
Website – www.mahaforest.nic.in, Phone No. – +91-22-28866449 / +91-22-28860362
Other National Parks in Maharashtra. Name of National Parks, Year of Notification and Total Area is as follows……..
|S. No.||Name of National Park||Year of Notification||Total Area (Km2)|
|1||Chandoli National Park||Maharashtra||2004||317.67|
|2||Gugamal National Park||Maharashtra||1975||361.28|
|3||Navegaon National Park||Maharashtra||1975||133.88|
|4||Pench National Park||Maharashtra||1975||257.26|
|5||Tadoba National Park||Maharashtra||1955||116.55|