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Rose ringed parakeet or Parrot (Psittacula krameri) complete detail

Rose ringed parakeet or Parrot (Psittacula krameri) complete detail. Description of parrot – tota – Rose ringed parakeet (Psittacula krameri). Detail of parrot or tota. Local name of Rose ringed parakeet is tota. Classification of Rose ringed parakeet or Parrot (Psittacula krameri).
Habit and habitat of Rose ringed parakeet. Rose-ringed Parakeet has yellow-green plumage, long, graduated tail and broad, rounded and hooked pinkish-red bill. Rose-ringed Parakeet is a familiar bird. They generally found in cultivated areas. General green/yellow, black chin and wide black stripe across lower cheeks, pink collar around hind neck, nape of neck washed with blue, upper mandible dark red tipped with black, lower mandible black with dark red at base, thighs green. Upper feathers are darker green above than below where they are mostly grey. The tail has bluish-green central rectrices, and ochraceous…………..
Nesting season over the greater part of its range is between February and April. The face, abdomen and under wing-coverts are yellowish-green. The nape and the back of the head is variably washed with blue. There is a broad chin / cheek-stripe and a black narrow line from cero to eye………..
The Rose-ringed Parakeet’s nest is a hole in tree. The nest is lined with rotten wood. When the nest is threatened, the owners summon assistance and the neighborhood is soon seething with a noisy rabble of parakeets’ intent on shouting aggression down if nothing else. The age of sexual maturity is between 2 – 3 years. Breeding Season – December- June in India; December-April in Africa. During the breeding season, the groups……..

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Click here to view State wise list of Indian state birds (symbols) – updated

Description 

The local name of Rose ringed Parakeet is parrot / tota. Size of Rose ringed Parakeet is between 35 cm to 45 cm including the tail. The Weight of adult is between 110 g. to 140 g. Rose-ringed Parakeet has yellow-green plumage, long, graduated tail and broad, rounded and hooked pinkish-red bill. The face, abdomen and under wing-coverts are yellowish-green. The nape and the back of the head is variably washed with blue. There is a broad chin / cheek-stripe and a black narrow line from cero to eye.

General green/yellow, black chin and wide black stripe across lower cheeks, pink collar around hind neck, nape of neck washed with blue, upper mandible dark red tipped with black, lower mandible black with dark red at base, thighs green. Upper feathers are darker green above than below where they are mostly grey. The tail has bluish-green central rectrices, and ochraceous under tail feathers. Female has only a dull emerald-green collar and lacks blue, pink and black on the head.

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Classification

Common Name – Rose ringed parakeet (Parrot)

Local Name – Tota

Zoological Name – Psittacula krameri

Kingdom – Animalia

Phylum – Chordata

Class – Aves

Order – Psittaciformes

Family – Psittaculidae

Subfamily – Psittaculinae

Genus – Psittacula

Conservational Status – Schedule – IV, according to wildlife (Protection) act, 1972 and classified as Least Concern (LC) by the IUCN.

Distribution

The Rose-ringed Parakeet ranges from Central Africa to Uganda, southern Asia, India and Sri Lanka.
Found in southern Asia, from eastern Pakistan and India east to Burma and in a band across Africa, from Senegal to Somalia, introduced to parts of Europe, Middle East, China and the U.S.

Rose-ringed Parakeet is common in cultivated areas, urban parks and gardens, open countryside with trees, palm-trees thickets, dry and open forest. It also may be found in semi-desert areas and second grow open jungles, mainly in lowlands. It frequents semi-desert savannas with short grass, open bushy areas, wooded valleys and evergreen forests. This species is now common in the large urban parks.

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Habit and habitat

Rose-ringed Parakeet is generally found in cultivated areas, urban parks and gardens, open countryside with trees, palm-trees thickets, dry and open forest. It also may be found in semi-desert areas and second grow open jungles, mainly in lowlands. It frequents semi-desert savannas with short grass, open bushy areas, wooded valleys and evergreen forests. This species is now common in the large urban parks.

Rose-ringed Parakeet is a familiar bird. These parakeets are commonly caged and taught to repeat a few words and to perforin tricks such as firing off a toy cannon. Pairs of rose-ringed parakeets stay together for life, but the male and female renew their pair bond every year. The Rose-ringed Parakeet feeds on seeds, berries, flowers, nectar nuts and fruity supplemented by other crops, such as wheat, maize, coffee, dates, figs and guavas. The birds clamber about the twigs and gnaw at the ripe and semi-ripe fruit, destroying much more than they eat. Rose-ringed Parakeet performs fast and direct flight, with rapid wing beats. In flight, the dark flight feathers are conspicuous.

Nesting season over the greater part of its range is between February and April. The Rose-ringed Parakeet’s nest is a hole in tree. But when they live in towns, they can nest in any available high cavity, such as a crevice in a wall, under a roof, an old magpie nest. The nest is lined with rotten wood. When the nest is threatened, the owners summon assistance and the neighborhood is soon seething with a noisy rabble of parakeets’ intent on shouting aggression down if nothing else. The age of sexual maturity is between 2 – 3 years. Breeding Season – December- June in India; December-April in Africa. During the breeding season, the groups disperse. Some courtship displays show the female rolling the eyes while twittering, and drawing semi-circles with the head while she moves the wings. At the same time, the male struts. They touch their beaks, and the male performs courtship feeding to the female while it raises one leg. At this moment, both birds utter soft sounds.

Click here to view State wise list of Indian state animals (symbols) – updated

Female lays 3 to 5 eggs, pure white and the usual roundish ovals. Incubation lasts about 21 to 25 days, by both parents, but mainly by female. Female raises the young too, sometimes helped by the male. The young fledge about 40-45 days after hatching. They reach the adult plumage at 18 months, and complete adult plumage at 32 months of age. The average Lifespan of Rose-ringed Parakeet is 20 years.

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