Red Fort, Red Fort Timings, Red Fort Entry Ticket, Red Fort Online Ticket Booking, History of Red Fort, Red Fort Guide, Red Fort Tour, About Red Fort, Interesting Facts about Red Fort, Evening Sound and Light Show at Red Fort. How to Reach Red Fort.
About Red Fort
The Red sandstone walls of the massive Red Fort (Lal Qila) rise 33-m above the clamour of Old Delhi as a reminder of the magnificent power and pomp of the Mughal emperors. The walls, built in 1638, were designed to keep out invaders, now they mainly keep out the noise and confusion of the city.
The main gate, Lahore Gate, is one of the emotional and symbolic focal points of the modern Indian nation and attracts a major crowd on each Independence Day.
The vaulted arcade of Chatta Chowk, a bazaar selling tourist trinkets, leads into the huge fort compound. Inside is a veritable treasure trove of buildings, including the Drum House, the Hall of Public Audiences, the white marble Hall of Private Audiences, the Pearl Mosque, Royal Baths and Palace of Color.
An evening sound and light show re-creates events in India’s history connected with the fort.
Location: Netaji Subhash Marg
Metro Station: Chandni Chowk
Built By: Shah Jahan
Built in the Year:1648
Purpose: Main residence of Mughal emperors
Area: 254.67 acres
Architect: Ustad Ahmad Lahauri
Architectural styles: Mughal, Indo-Islamic
Current Status: UNESCO World Heritage Site
In 1638, the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan moved the capital of his empire from Agra to a newly constructed city in Delhi that he called Shahjahanabad. Along with the construction of this new city, he laid the foundations of his palace, the Red Fort or Lal Qila. This massive walled citadel with red sandstone walls took nearly a decade to complete. It is considered to be better planned than the Agra Fort, as Shah Jahan learned from his experience pf living there. This fort was the seat of the Mughal empire for around 200 years, until it fell into British hands. The last Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar was coronated here in 1837, during which time it is said that his powers did not extend beyond the boundaries of his palace.
Architecture of Red Fort
Combining features of Indian, Persian and Timurid forms of architecture, the Red Fort is truly a monument par excellence. The architect of the Red Fort was Ustad Ahmad Lahauri, who also designed the Taj Mahal. It is surrounded by a 2 km perimeter wall which acted as an effective defensive measure. The structure of the fort is octagonal, and it has several gates, the prominent ones being Lahori, Ajmeri, Kashmiri, Mori, Turkman and Delhi gates. The Red Fort houses several structures inside its premises. The most well known among all these are the Diwan-i-Aam, the Diwan-i-Khaas, the Moti Masjid and the Nahr-i-Bashisht (stream of paradise).
The ‘Diwan-i-Am’ also known as ‘Hall of Public Audience’ is a rectangular hall consisting of three aisles, with a façade of nine arches. Originally there were six marble palaces along the eastern water front. A water-channel, called the Nahr-i-Bihisht (‘Stream of Paradise’) runs through it, with an ivory fountain fitted with a central marble basin. The Mumtaz-Mahal now houses the Delhi Fort Museum. The Diwan-i-Khas (‘Hall of Private Audience’) is a beautifully decorated pillared hall, with a flat ceiling supported by engrailed arches. Peacock Throne is said to be kept here before being taken away by Nadir Shah. The Hammam (‘Bath’) consists of three prime sections divided by corridors. The complete interior and the floor is built of marble and inlaid with coloured stones. Moti-Masjid (‘Pearl Mosque’) which was added later by Aurangzeb is to the west of the Hamman. The red-stone pavilion in the middle of the tank in the centre of the Hayat-Bakhsh-Bagh is called Zafar-Mahal and was built by Bahadur Shah II in about 1842.
Most of these buildings were inlaid with precious stones and intricate floral motives. The unique cusped arches, highly intricate ornamentation and the double domes are the most important features of the Red Fort’s architecture, something which became a trademark of Shahjahani architecture.
Timings and Entry Ticket
Open: Tue to Sun; Mondays closed
Timings: Sunrise to Sunset
Entry Fee: 35 (Indians), 500 (foreigners) (Free entry to children up to 15 years)
Photography: Nil (25 for video filming)
Guides are available for all languages on Affordable Fee
Light and Sound Show
Red Fort is visited by many tourists for the significant historical relevance that it holds. But other than the red sandstone and the mighty building of the medieval times, there is another attraction that brings the tourists to the Blessed Fort – Light and Sound Show.
The show, held every evening except Mondays, is a one hour fest of lights and sounds which takes place inside the premises of the Fort. There’s no better way to learn about the history of the Fort. The shows are both in English and
Hindi at different timings:
Hindi- 7:30 PM – 8:30 PM
English- 9:00 PM – 10:00 PM
Tickets: Weekdays – INR 60 for adults and INR 20 for children
Weekends and Government Holidays – INR 80 for adults and INR 30 for children
Important things About Red Fort
Though as many as 66 percent of the structures within the fort were either destroyed or badly damaged, the Red Fort still houses many historic edifices and some prominent ones are listed below:
Mumtaz Mahal – Situated in the women’s quarters (zenana) of the fort, Mumtaz Mahal was one of the six palaces within the fort. All these palaces were built along the banks of Yamuna River and were interconnected by the Stream of Paradise. The Mumtaz Mahal was constructed using white marble and embellished with floral decorations. During the British rule, it was put to use as prison camp. Today, Red Fort Archaeological Museum has been set up inside this impressive building.
Khas Mahal – The Khas Mahal was used as the emperor’s private residence. The palace was divided into three parts namely the chamber of telling beads, sitting room and sleeping chamber. The palace was decorated with white marble and floral embellishments and the ceiling was gilded. Khas Mahal was connected to ‘Muthamman Burj’, a tower from where the emperor would address his subjects or simply wave at them to acknowledge their presence.
Rang Mahal – The Rang Mahal which literally translates to ‘Palace of Colors’ was built to house the emperor’s mistresses and wives. As the name suggests, the palace was made to look colorful with bright paints and ostentatious decorations. A marble basin, which was installed at the center of the palace, would welcome water flowing from the Stream of Paradise. A basement, under the palace, was used by the women to cool off during the summer.
Hira Mahal – Built in 1842 by Bahadur Shah II, the Hira Mahal is probably one of the last structures to have been built by a Mughal emperor before the invasion of the British. It is a mere pavilion but has an interesting legend associated with it. According to the legend, Shah Jahan had hidden a diamond, meant for his first wife, in this very place. The diamond, which is not yet found, is said to be even more precious than the famed Kohinoor.
Moti Masjid – Moti Masjid which literally translates to ‘Pearl Mosque’ was built by Aurangzeb for his personal use. Interestingly, the mosque was also used by the inhabitants of the Zenana. Constructed using white marble, Moti Masjid has three domes and three arches.
Hammam – The Hammam is basically a building that housed the baths, used by the emperors. On the eastern apartment, stood the dressing room. In the western apartment, hot water used to flow through the taps. It is said that perfumed rose water was used for bathing purpose. The interiors of Hammam were embellished with floral designs and white marble.
Best time to visit Red Fort
The best time to visit this destination is during the months of September- March, when the weather is pleasant.
How to Reach Red Fort
Being the capital city of India, Delhi is well connected viaa dense network of local transport. The nearest Metro Station is Chandini Chowk on the Yellow Line. You can hire an autorickshaw or a taxi from the metro station. Also, you can reach Red Fort from any part of the city through the DTC buses that ply regularly on this route.
Significance of Red Fort
The aesthetics, planning and construction of the Red Fort symbolizes the pinnacle of Mughal creativity that was prevalent during the rule of Mughals in India.
After India gained independence The Red Fort continued to be under the control of Indian Army which they used as their cantonment till 22 December 2003. Now it is handed over for restoration and preservation to the Archaeological Survey of India.
Prime Minister of India hoists the National Flag at Red Fort every year on 15th August which is celebrated as India’s Independence Day, after which he gives his national speech.
Also, The Red Fort acts as a tourist site for the public which shows a light and sound show every evening depicting Mughal history. Today, a sound and light show describing Mughal history is a popular tourist attraction in the evenings.
Also, people can witness the archaeological and Indian war memorial museum which is filled with “blood paintings” that depict the story of young Indian martyrs. The retail mall at Lahore Gate is also a popular tourist attraction at Red Fort.
There are more than 2500 hotels in Delhi which range from inexpensive budget hotels to expensive five-star hotels. Tourists can also stay in tourist hostels and guest houses which provide a comfortable stay. Good service is offered in all kinds of hotels. Some of the hotels in the city are as follows −
The Suryaa located at South Delhi
Japee Siddharth located at Karol Bagh
The Ashok located at South Delhi
The Leela Palace located at South Delhi
ITC Maurya located at Sadar Bazar Marg
Hotel Samrat located at South Delhi
Tavisha Hotel located at Friends Colony
Treebo Amber located at Okhla
The Athena Hotel located at South Delhi
Hotel City Park located at West Delhi
Hotel O’Delhi located at Karol Bagh
Hotel Luck Residency located at Airport Zone
Hotel All iz Well located at Paharganj
Hotel Sun International located at Paharganj
Hotel Sonu DX located at Paharganj
Budget or Two-Star Hotels
Hotel Ashoka Continental located at Paharganj
Hotel Royal Castle located at Chittaranjan Park
Hotel Chanchal Deluxe located at Paharganj
Hotel Radha Krishan located at Paharganj
The Golden Palms Hotel located at East Delhi