Ranthambore National Park – complete detail – updated. Dominant flora and fauna of Ranthambore. Geography of Ranthambore National Park. How to reach Ranthambore National Park. The Ranthambore tiger reserve was declared as a National park in 1981.
A huge fort, after which the park is named, towers over the park atop a hill. There are many ruins of bygone eras scattered all over the jungle, which give it a unique, wonderful and mixed flavour of nature……….
Ranthambore is a beautiful place, located in the Sawai Madhopur district of the state of Rajasthan. Total area of the National park is about 282 km2. Ranthambore National park is divided in 8 zones. There are many water bodies located all over the park, which provide perfect relief during the extremely hot summer months for the forest inhabitants.
National park is an area which is strictly reserved for the betterment of the wildlife & biodiversity, and where activities like developmental, forestry, poaching, hunting and grazing on cultivation are not permitted. Their boundaries are well marked and circumscribed.
Ranthambore National Park
Ranthambore is a beautiful place, located in the Sawai Madhopur district of the state of Rajasthan. Ranthambore National Park is one of the largest national parks in northern India.
Ranthambore was (Sawai Madhopur Game Sanctuary in 1955) declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1957, and came under the “Project Tiger“ as a Tiger reserves in 1973-74. The total area of the sanctuary is about 400 km2.
The Ranthambore tiger reserve was declared as a National park in 1981. Total area of the National park is about 282 km2.
Ranthambore was a hunting reserve of the Maharajas of Jaipur, the park at Ranthambore was once the scene of royal hunting parties in the past.
Ranthambore National Park is famous for its tigers and is one of the best places in the country to see these majestic tigers.
Ranthambore National Park is set between the Aravalli and Vindhya ranges. Located at the junction of the Aravalli and Vindhya hill range. It spreads over a highly undulating topography varying from the gentle to the steep slopes; from flat topped hills of the Vindhayas to the conical hillocks and the sharp ridges of the Aravallis. An important geological feature the ‘Great Boundary Fault’ where the Vindhayas plateaus meet the Aravalli hill range.
The Rivers Chambal in the South and the Banas in the North bound the National Park. Pure stands of the Dhok interspersed with open grasslands of the plateaus, six large lakes – Gilai Sagar, Mansarovar, Malik talao, Raj Bagh and Padam Talao with in the National Park.
The rugged park terrain alternates between dry deciduous forest, open grassy meadow, dotted by several lakes and rivers that are only made passable by rough roads built and maintained by the Forest Service.
There are many water bodies located all over the park, which provide perfect relief during the extremely hot summer months for the forest inhabitants.
A huge fort, after which the park is named, towers over the park atop a hill. There are many ruins of bygone eras scattered all over the jungle, which give it a unique, wonderful and mixed flavour of nature, history and wildlife.
Tigers at Ranthambore National park have been known to even hunt in full view of human visitors. These tigers are famous for being seen in the daytime too, due to their lack of fear of human presence in vehicles. This lack of fear of humans is excellent for tourists, as they get to see the tigers often.
This park is a wildlife enthusiast and photographer’s dream. It offers excellent accommodation and internal transportation facilities.
Longitude: From 76-23-00 E to 76-39-00 E
Latitude: From 25-54-00 N to 26-12-00 N
Total area – About 282 km2
Ranthambore National park is divided in 8 zones.
Singh Dwar being the entry point is the most important place of the respective zone. The other places where you can catch a glimpse of the Royal Bengal Tigers include Dhoop Chowk, Kala Peela Pani, Tuti Ka Naal, Sultanpur Chowki, Khabli and Khariya.
The main points of this zone are Bada Gate, Jogi Mahal, Jhalra, Phuta Kot, Nal Ghati, Amrahi, Parniya, Guda Chowki, Telan Pacheri, Phuta Bandha, Pandu Deh, Lahpur Tiraha, Gaandra Deh, and Rishi Ka Deh. Out of these the Phuta Bandha, Jogi Mahal, Lahpur Tiraha, Nal Ghati, Phuta Kot and Guda are the points where tigers are most frequently sighted.
The main points of this zone are Doodh Baawri, Tapman Nalah, Rajbagh Lake, High Point, Padam Talab, Mandook and Karonj Ka Nalah.
The main points of this zone are Aadi Dant, Baba Ki Gufa, Singh Dwar, Mendki De, Gular Kui, Lambi Ka Nalah, Malik Talab, Lakkad Da, Magar De, Tamba Khan, Aadi Dagar, Berda, Bhanwarde, Semli and Bhoot Khurra.
The most prominent places in this Zone are Takiya Kui, Bakola, Jokha, Singh Dwar, Kachida, Bagdah Tiraha, Tamba Khan, Dhakda, Pili Ghati, Anatpura and Gular Kui.
The main points of this zone are Patwa Ki Baori, Kala Pani, Khabli, Saran Ka Pattha and Soleshwar.
The main points of this zone are Rajbagh Naka, Kushalipura, Chidikho and Jamoda.
The main points of this zone are Kali Bhat, Kherai, Balas, Neemli Dang and Mahakh.
Winter – October to March
Summer – April to June
Monsoon – July to September
Average rainfall: 600 to 800 mm
Temperature: Maximum – 47o C
Minimum – 4o C
Mammals – Tigers, Leopards, Hyenas, Sambar deer, Chital, Nilgai, Common or Hanuman langurs, Macaques, Jackals, Jungle cats, Caracals, Sloth bears, Black bucks, Rufous-tailed Hare, Indian Wild Boar, Chinkara, Common Palm Civets or Toddy cat, Common Yellow Bats, Desert Cats, Five striped Palm Squirrels, Indian False Vampires, Indian Flying Foxes, Indian Foxes, Indian Mole Rats, Indian Porcupines, Long eared Hedgehogs, Mongoose etc. The park is most famous for tigers.
Birds – Graylag Goose, Woodpeckers, Indian Gray Hornbills, Common Kingfishers, Bee Eaters, Cuckoos, Parakeets, Asian Palm Swift, Owl, Nightjars, Pigeon, Dove, Crakes, Snipes, Sandpipers, Gulls, Terns, Great Crested Grebe, Eagles, Darters, Cormorants, Egrets, Herons, Bitterns, Flamingos, Ibis, Pelicans, Storks, Pittas, Shrikes, Treepie, Crows, Orioles, Cuckoo-Shrikes, Drongos, Flycatchers, Wood Shrikes, Pipits, Bayas, Sparrows, Finches, Wagtails, Munias, Bulbul, Mynas, Falcons etc.
Reptiles – Snub Nosed Marsh Crocodiles, Desert Monitor Lizards, Tortoise, Banded Kraits, Cobras, Common Kraits, Ganga Soft Shelled Turtles, Indian Pythons, North Indian Flap Shelled Turtles, Rat Snakes, Russell’s Vipers etc.
Amphibian – Common India Toad, Common Frog etc.
Babul (Accasia nilotica), Am (Magnifera Indica), Imli (Tamarindicus indica), Banyan (Ficus benghalensis), Ber (Zizyphus mauritania), Dhak (Butea Monosperma), Dhok (Anogeossispendula), Jamun (Syzygium cumini), Kadam (Authocephalus cadamba), Khajur (Phoenix sylvestris), Khair (Accacia catechu), Karel (Capparis decidua), Khejda (Prosopis specigera), Kakera (Flacourtiaindica), Mohua (Madhuca indica), Neem (Azadirachta indica) etc.
Park visiting timings
1st October to 31st October – 7.00 A.M. to 10.30 A.M. – 2.30 P.M. to 6.00 P.M.
1st November to 31st January – 7.00 A.M. to 10.30 A.M. – 2.00 P.M. to 5.30 P.M.
1st February to 31st March – 6.30 A.M. to 10.00 A.M. – 2.30 P.M. to 6.00 P.M.
1st April to 15th May – 6.00 A.M. to 9.30 A.M. – 3.00 P.M. to 6.30 P.M.
16th May to 30th June – 6.00 A.M. to 9.30 A.M. – 3.30 P.M. to 7.00 P.M.
Entry Fee for Indians with Canter: 75 Rs.
Entry Fee for Indians with Gypsy: 131 Rs.
Entry Fee for Foreigners with Canter: 475 Rs.
Entry Fee for Foreigners with Gypsy: 530 Rs.
Fee for guide : 20-67 Rs.
Vehicle Fee: 300 Rs.
How to Reach Ranthambore National Park
The Jaipur Sanganer Airport is the nearest airport from Ranthambore and is located in Sanganer, approximately 160 kilometers from the Ranthambore National Park.
The nearest railway station is Sawai Madhopur junction, which is About 11 km from Ranthambore National Park. There are many trains that link Sawai Madhopur with Delhi. Some of them are Golden Temple Mail, Kota Janshatabdi, UHP Kota Express, Paschim Express, Mewar Express, Sarvodaya Express and many others.
Roadways is also a feasible option to reach Ranthambore. You can easily travel to Sawai Madhopur by road.
Distance from Major Cities
Bombay 1027 km
Jaipur 160 Km
Kota 114 Km
Jodhpur 450 Km
Delhi 365 Km
Bikaner 476 Km
Ajmer 258 Km
Connectivity: The Ranthambore National Park is well connected with other towns and cities.
Other National Parks in Rajasthan. Name of National Parks, Year of Notification and Total Area is as follows…
|S. No.||Name of National Park||Year of Notification||Total Area (Km2)|
|1||Mukundra Hills (Darrah) National Park||2006||200.54|
|2||Desert National Park||1992||3162|
|3||Keoladeo Ghana National Park||1981||28.73|
|4||Sariska National Park||1982||273.8|