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Rani Jhansi Marine National Park complete detail – updated

Rani Jhansi Marine National Park complete detail – updated. Geography of Rani Jhansi Marine National Park. Dominant flora and fauna of Rani Jhansi Marine National Park. How to Reach Rani Jhansi Marine National Park. The forests in Rani Jhansi Marine National Park are unique and mostly……….
The park is spread in the three islands of Ritchie’s archipelago, which is a cluster of several small Islands. The languages spoken in the area are Nicobarese, Bengali, English, Hindi, Tamil, Malayalam and Telugu, as these islands are frequented by the South Indian locals.
Total area of the park is 256.14 Km2. Rani Jhansi Marine National Park was established in the year of 1996. The park provides shelter to some very crucial wildlife and habitats which include Dugongs, Crocodiles, Marine Life, Coral Reefs, Mangroves, Terrestrial Moist forest and birds.
National park is an area which is strictly reserved for the betterment of the wildlife & biodiversity, and where activities like developmental, forestry, poaching, hunting and grazing on cultivation are not permitted. Their boundaries are well marked and circumscribed.

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Rani Jhansi Marine National Park is a beautiful place, located in the Andaman district of Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Union territory) of India. Rani Jhansi Marine National Park was established in the year of 1996. Total area of the park is 256.14 Km2.

The park offers a unique collection of flora and fauna. The natural habitats of the park include lagoons, coral reefs, beaches, lowland evergreen rain forest, semi-evergreen rain forest and mangrove forests.

The prime attraction of this park is the fruit-eating bat. This fruit eating bat plays an important part in maintaining the ecological balance of the park as it both a pollinator and seed disperser to plants.

Click here to view state wise list of Indian national parks – updated

The park is famous for crocodiles and dugong are also seen along with other wild life. The park also has on display a coral reef, marine life and avifauna.

The forests in Rani Jhansi Marine National Park are unique and mostly made up of mangroves along the shore line.

Tourists can also visit the surrounding islands like the John Lawrence Island, Henry Lawrence Island and Outram Island.

The Islands have little or no farm land and majorities of the people living here depend on tourism to sustain themselves.

The park provides shelter to some very crucial wildlife and habitats which include Dugongs, Crocodiles, Marine Life, Coral Reefs, Mangroves, Terrestrial Moist forest and birds.

The languages spoken in the area are Nicobarese, Bengali, English, Hindi, Tamil, Malayalam and Telugu, as these islands are frequented by the South Indian locals.

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History

History of the Rani Jhansi Marine National Park dates back to the year 1857. The park is spread in the three islands of Ritchie’s archipelago, which is a cluster of several small Islands.

These islands in Ritchie’s archipelago were named after British generals and civil officials worked in India during period of Indian Rebellion of 1857.

Rani Jhansi Marine National Park was established in the year of 1996 to protect different species of marine animals.

Geography

Rani Jhansi Marine National Park is located in the Andaman district of Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Union territory) of India. Total area of the park is 256.14 Km2. The park is around 40 km from Baratang Island.

Rani Jhansi Marine National Park area is surrounded by sea water with clear visibility. This park area falls in the humid, warm and wet tropical climate zone. This park is covered by different types of tropical forests.

Rani Jhansi Marine National Park is situated in Ritchie’s Archipelago, an undisputed eco-tourism hub in Andaman District of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. It is the combination of three islands viz. Henry Lawrence Island (Lat. 12°12.598’N, Long. 93°03.883’E), John Lawrence Island (Lat. 12º 04. 075’N, Long. 93º 00.398’E) and Outram Island (Lat. 12°12.346’N, Long.93º 05.753’E).

Fruit eating bat plays an important part in maintaining the ecological balance of the park as it both a pollinator and seed disperser to plants.

The forests in Rani Jhansi Marine National Park are unique and mostly made up of mangroves along the shore line.

This archipelago includes the islands of North, Middle, and South Button, Outram, Henry Lawrence, Inglis, John Lawrence, Wilson, Nicholson, Peel, Havelock, Neill, and the southernmost, Sir Huge Rose.

The natural habitats of the park include lagoons, coral reefs, beaches, lowland evergreen rain forest, semi-evergreen rain forest and mangrove forests.

This site also has humid, tropical coastal climate, due to its proximity to the equator and the sea.

The park still has some intact tropical evergreen and semi evergreen forests, mangrove forests and extensive coastal lagoons.

Average rainfall has been recorded to be 3800 millimeters which owes to the southwest and northeast monsoons. The months from January to April are comparatively dry.

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Dominant flora

Rani Jhansi Marine National Park area surrounded by sandy beaches and sea water with clear visibility is a home for different species of coral reef. Floristic combination of the marine national park includes different types of trees and plants etc.

Rani Jhansi Marine National Park is quite unique and is mostly dominated by mangroves which dot the shore line of the park. Terrestrial moist forest and other ecosystems can also be traced here.

Dominant fauna

Crocodiles, Dugong, Fruit- eating bats, Daniel’s Forest Lizard,  Andaman Island Grass Skink, Andaman Water Monitor, Varanus salvator, Olive Ridley, Green Turtle, Hawksbill Turtle, Leatherback Turtle, Narcondam Hornbill, Andaman Teal, Grey Teal etc.

Marine biologists found occurrence of different varieties of live choral species in Henry Lawrence Island and John Lawrence Island of the park. Other marine animal species found in the park area include soft corals under the families Alcyoniidae (Eight genera), Nephtheidae, 43 species of Acroporidae family including genus Acropora (28 species) and Montipora (8 species), Isisidae; gorgonids, 30 species of echinoderms; 100 species of gastropods; 54 species of nudibranchs; 52 species of crabs, 216 reef associated fishes etc.

Other Attractions

Outram Island

Henry Lawrence Island

John Lawrence Island

Mangroves vegetation

Coral reefs

Boat trips

Littoral forests

Mud volcanoes

Natural lime stone caves

Lalaji Bay

Guitar Island

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Best time to visit

Rani Jhansi Marine National Park is open throughout the year. The best time of the year to visit the Rani Jhansi Marine National Park is between the months of December to March.

Visitors can reach the Rani Jhansi Marine National Park through ferries from Port Blair. Port Blair is well connected with Delhi, Kolkata and Chennai Airport as well as through Ships.

Timings 12:00 AM to 12:00 PM

How to Reach

By AirNearest airport is Port Blair airport, from the Rani Jhansi Marine National Park. Port Blair is well connected with Delhi, Kolkata and Chennai Airport as well as through Ships.

By Rail – There is no railway station in Andaman archipelago. Nearest railway station is Chennai Railway Station in Chennai city of Tamil Nadu, which is about 1,370 away from the park.

By Road Rani Jhansi Marine National Park is not connected by roads. Visitors can reach the park through ferries provided by authorities from Port Blair.

By SeaFrequent ship services are available for the passengers travelling to Port Blair from Vishakhapatnam, Kolkata, Chennai and back.

Accommodation

Accommodation facilities are not provided in the Rani Jhansi Marine National Park area. Visitors are advised to get in touch with the authorities of the Rani Jhansi Marine National Park for suitable accommodations.

Useful Contacts

Directorate of Tourism, Incharge (Tourism Information) Andaman & Nicobar Administration Kamaraj Road, Port Blair – 744 101 Phone: 03192-232 694, 232 642 Fax: 03192-232 747, 230 933
E-Mail id: accomodation6@gmail.com

Phone no. (Official) – 91-3192-233270, Website (Official) – www.andamanbeacon.com

Other  National Parks in Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Year of Notification and Total area is as follows…
S.No. National Park State

 
Established Area (in km²)
1 Mahatama Gandhi Marine (Wandoor) National Park Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1983 281.50
2 Middle Button Island National Park Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1987 0.44
3 Mount Harriett National Park Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1987 46.62
4 North Button Island National Park Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1987 0.44
5 Galathea Bay National Park Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1992 110
6 Saddle Peak National Park Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1987 32.54
7 South Button Island National Park Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1987 0.03
8 Campbell Bay National Park Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1992 426.23

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