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Plum headed parakeet (Psittacula cyanocephala) complete detail

Plum headed parakeet (Psittacula cyanocephala) complete detail. Description of Plum headed parakeet – Lal sir wala tota – Tuiya. Local name – Lal sir wala tota – Tuiya. Classification of Plum headed parakeet (Psittacula cyanocephala). 
Habit and habitat of Plum headed parakeet. They preferred habitats are the forest areas and open woodland. These birds live in flocks and are very social. They have a pleasant nature and tolerate other birds housed with them except when breeding, then like many parakeets they can be more aggressive. They eat a variety of seeds, fruits, nuts, blossoms, leaf buds. In addition to these foods, you can offer them vegetables and commercial pellets. They like nuts with……………..
The body of both sexes is primarily green, with varying shades occurring on the breast, abdomen, back, and wings. The male’s head is red, becoming purple-blue on the back of the crown, nape and cheeks. There is a narrow black neck collar and a black chin stripe. There is a red shoulder patch and the rump and tail are bluish-green, the latter tipped……….
The Nesting season ranges between January and May. The nest-hole is generally excavated by the birds themselves in a rotten tree-stem or branch at moderate heights from the ground. During the breeding season, February through May and again in August through September these parrots branch off into pairs.

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Distinctive Identification

The local name of Plum headed parakeet is Lal sir wala tota/Tuiya. Size of Plum headed parakeet is between 25 cm to 36 cm including the tail. The Weight of adult is between 60 g. to 80 g. The body of both sexes is primarily green, with varying shades occurring on the breast, abdomen, back, and wings. The male’s head is red, becoming purple-blue on the back of the crown, nape and cheeks. There is a narrow black neck collar and a black chin stripe. There is a red shoulder patch and the rump and tail are bluish-green, the latter tipped white.

The upper beak is orangish-yellow and the lower beak is dark. The female has a grey head, corn-yellow upper beak and lacks the black neck collar, chin stripe and red shoulder patch. Immature birds have a green head and both upper and lower beaks are yellowish. Their eyes are black and when pinned, the yellow is clearly seen.

They have a lime green body and a blue long tail tipped with white. Their wings resemble the Alexandrine Parakeet. The Plum-headed Parakeet wings have maroon patches and dark hues of green and blue. Their tails make up a large part of their size, and when in flight yellow feathers can be seen under the tail and wing feathers.

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Classification

Common Name – Plum headed parakeet (Lal sir wala tota)

Local Name – Tuiya

Zoological Name – Psittacula cyanocephala

Kingdom – Animalia

Phylum – Chordata

Class – Aves

Order – Psittaciformes

Family – Psittaculidae

Subfamily – Psittaculinae

Tribe – Psittaculini

Genus – Psittacula

Conservational Status – Schedule – IV, according to wildlife (Protection) act, 1972 and classified as Least Concern (LC) by the IUCN.

Distribution

The Plum-headed Parakeet is found in Sri Lanka, Ceylon, most of India, West Pakistan (Rawalpindi), Nepal east to Bhutan, West Bengal and the Rameswaram Island.

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Habit and habitat

They preferred habitats are the forest areas and open woodland. These birds live in flocks and are very social. They have a pleasant nature and tolerate other birds housed with them except when breeding, then like many parakeets, they can be more aggressive.

Plum-headed Parakeets eat a variety of seeds, fruits, nuts, blossoms, leaf buds. In addition to these foods, you can offer them vegetables and commercial pellets. They like nuts with the shells cracked, such as walnuts, pecans and almonds. They also enjoy the same nutritional foods humans eat.

Their calls can be heard during the early morning hours and just before sunset. Their shrill calls echo across the sky and these parrots make no effort to hide their arrival. Their flocks can consist of many birds or be segmented into smaller groups ranging between five and ten parrots.

The Nesting season ranges between January and May. The nest-hole is generally excavated by the birds themselves in a rotten tree-stem or branch at moderate heights from the ground. As with the other parakeets, there is no lining to the nest, the eggs being laid on the bare wood or on the chips and debris that have tumbled in during excavation.

During the breeding season, February through May and again in August through September, these parrots branch off into pairs. Each pair will find a nesting cavity in a tree or a building nook, or something similar where they will raise their young.

Click here to view State wise list of Indian state animals (symbols) – updated

The female Plum-headed Parakeet will spend a great deal of time inside her nesting box. Usually, female will chew the bedding or try to clean the nesting box to deposit her eggs. Most breeders will use a small layer of pine shaving on the bottom to ensure the eggs do not roll around or break. Once the female is ready to lay eggs, she will produce one egg every other day until her clutch is complete.

This clutch can range from 3 to 6 white eggs. Both male and female will incubate the eggs for 21 to 24 days. When the babies hatch, the mother might decide to eat the egg shells or may just discard them. She will feed the baby birds for several weeks until they fledge (when babies leave the nest) which takes place around 7-8 weeks. Their average lifespan is usually between 15 and 25 years.

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