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Pin Valley National Park – complete detail – updated

Pin Valley National Park – complete detail – updated. Dominant flora and fauna of Pin Valley National Park. Geography of Pin Valley National Park. How to reach Pin Valley National Park. The park is a region of hills, cliffs and mountainous crevices, interspersed with grassy lower slopes.
The Pin Valley National Park was established in the year of 1987. Total area of the park is about 1150 Km2 (Core Area – 675 Km2). The Park is located in the coarse and rocky Spiti region of Himachal Pradesh. The Park is populated with numerous medicinal herbs and spices that make it a valuable land for pharmacists.
The region is a cold desert, which is adjoined to the Great Himalayan National Park in the southwest and Rupi Bhabha sanctuary in the south. Visitors not only enjoy the unique fauna and flora of the national park, but they also love to roam around the region. The nearby areas are equally beautiful. They are dominated by the influence of Tibetan culture.
National park is an area which is strictly reserved for the betterment of the wildlife & biodiversity, and where activities like developmental, forestry, poaching, hunting and grazing on cultivation are not permitted. Their boundaries are well marked and circumscribed.

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Pin Valley National Park

Pin Valley National Park is a beautiful place, located in the Lahaul and Spiti district of the state of Himachal Pradesh.

The Pin Valley National Park was established in the year of 1987. Total area of the park is about 1150 Km2 (Core Area – 675 Km2). The Park is located in the coarse and rocky Spiti region of Himachal Pradesh.

The region is a cold desert, which is adjoined to the Great Himalayan National Park in the southwest and Rupi Bhabha sanctuary in the south. The rugged Himalayan terrains have always been a dream destination for those who love adventure.

Click here to view state wise list of Indian national parks – updated

The park has a rich flora and fauna, including the Ibex, Snow Leopard, Red Fox, Marten, Weasel, Pika, Himalayan Snow Cock, Chukor, Golden Eagle, Griffon, Snow Partridge, Chough and Raven.

The Park is populated with numerous medicinal herbs and spices that make it a valuable land for pharmacists.

Visitors not only enjoy the unique fauna and flora of the national park, but they also love to roam around the region. The nearby areas are equally beautiful. They are dominated by the influence of Tibetan culture.

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History

Local rulers called Nonos once ruled Spiti. In the 10th century, Spiti was given to one of the three sons of the King of Ladakh, after which the fate of the region became inextricably linked with that of Ladakh. The region became autonomous whenever weak rulers governed Ladakh.

The local residents in the whole Pin Valley consists of scheduled tribes belonging to Buddhist community. There is a famous Gompa in the Kungri village which is situated on the buffer zone of this park.

In 1846, Spiti was brought under the control of the East India Company and the area now forms part of the Lahaul-Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh. Pin Valley was declared a National Park on January 1987.

Geography

Pin Valley National Park is located in the Lahaul and Spiti district of the state of Himachal Pradesh. The Park is located in the coarse and rocky Spiti region of Himachal Pradesh. The park covering an area of 675 km2 as core zone and 1150 km2 as buffer zone.

The park is a region of hills, cliffs and mountainous crevices, interspersed with grassy lower slopes.

The mountains are snow-covered and largely devoid of vegetation, which is restricted to sheltered strips along channels formed by the melting snow.

The region is a cold desert, which is adjoined to the Great Himalayan National Park in the southwest and Rupi Bhabha sanctuary in the south. The rugged Himalayan terrains have always been a dream destination for those who love adventure.

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There are about 17 villages situated in the periphery of the park with a total population of about 1600 people.

The Pin river arises from the glaciers of the Pin-Parvati pass that are located at a height of 4,802 m. and it flows down to meet the Spiti, a large tributary of the Satluj, at the Lingti village, lower in the valley.

There are 12 perennial streams, and many springs and glaciers. Nevertheless, the area is relatively dry and forms part of the cold desert of India where the annual average precipitation is 177 mm on an average with heavy snow in winter.

The vegetation roughly demarcated into three main zones – the Dry Temperate Zone (3,276 m. to 4,200 m.) the Alpine Zone (4,200 m. to 4,800 m.) and the Zone of Perpetual Snow above 4,800 m.

Latitudes 31°45′-32°11′ N

Longitudes 77°45′-78°06′ E

Altitudes range from 3,300 m to 6,632 m above sea level

Dominant flora

Juniper & Birch trees, Salix spp. & Myricaria spp., Myricaria Shrubs, Betula Utilis, Juniperus mecropoda, Populus Spp., Aconitum rotundifolium, Arnebia euchroma, Ephedra gerardiana, Ferula jaeschkeana, Hyoscymus niger etc.

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Dominant fauna

Mammals – Tibetan Gazelle, Wooly Hare, Snow Leopard, Himalayan Ibex, Red fox, Wolf, Bharal, Himalayan marmot, Indian porcupine, Blue sheep, Wooly flying squirrel, Himalayan black bear, Himalayan brown bear, Mouse hare, Indian wolf etc.

Birds – Himalayan Snow Cock, Chukor, Golden Eagle, Griffon, Cough, Raven, Blue Rock Pigeon, Snow Pigeon, Yellow billed and Red billed Choughs, Kestrels, Tibet Snow Finch, Bearded Vulture, Golden Eagle, Aquia cryaetos etc.

Other Attractions

Dhankar Gompa

Tabo Gompa

Kyil Khor or Mystic Mandala temple

The ancient Tabo and Ki monasteries

There are six monasteries in the valley and the largest and most important gompa within the valley is the Kungri gompa, which is 600 years old. It is located three kilometers away from Gulling.

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Best time to visit

The best time of the year to visit the Pin Valley National Park is between the months of May to October.

How to Reach

By Air – Nearest airport is Bhuntar airport in Kullu district.

By Rail – Nearest railway station is Shimla railway station, about 440 Km from the Pin Valley National Park.

By Road – To reach Pin Valley National Park, there are two approachable routes. The first one is via Manali – Rohtang Pass – Kunzum La, which remain open from July to October. The second one is via Shimla – Tapri – Kaza. It remain open from March to December. One can reach the Park only on foot from the nearest road terminus at Mikkim.

Shimla to Chandigarh to Kullu by Air or by Bus (about 272 km)

Kullu to Kaza by Bus via Manali, Rohtang Pass (3978 m) and Kunzam Pass (4551 m)- about 260 km

Kaza to Mikkim by Bus or Jeep – about 32 km

Mikkim to Park Aea on foot – about 10 km

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Accommodation

Bunkers provided by the Forest Department. The Buddhist monks are very hospitable and could invite travelers to a cup of buttery, salty tea, or perhaps a stay overnight at the Kungri monastery. Villagers in the valley are also generous in providing shelter and food.

Tourist Lodge, Kaza, Himachal Pradesh. Four double rooms and five double-bedded tents are on offer. Parking and catering facilities are available. The lodge is open from May to October only.

Useful Contact

Director, Pin Valley National Park, Spiti, Kaza, District Lahaul & Spiti, Himachal Pradesh. Tel & Fax: 01906-222263

Additional Pr. CCF (WL) Cum- Chief Wild Life Warden, Himachal Pradesh, Shimla

Tel & Fax: 0177-2614193, 0177-2620395

Other  National Parks in Himachal Pradesh, Year of Notification and Total area is as follows…
S.No. National Park State

 
Established Area (in km²)
1 Great Himalayan National Park Himachal Pradesh 1984 754.4
2 Inderkilla  National Park Himachal Pradesh 2010 104
3 Khirganga  National Park Himachal Pradesh 2010 710
4 Simbalbara  National Park Himachal Pradesh 2010 27.88

About Vijay Choudhary

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