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Phawngpui Blue Mountain National Park complete detail – updated

Phawngpui Blue Mountain National Park complete detail – updated. Geography of Phawngpui Blue Mountain National Park. Dominant flora and fauna of Phawngpui Blue Mountain National Park. How to Reach Phawngpui Blue Mountain National Park. The Park is located in the Lawngtlai district of the state of Mizoram.
Phawngpui Blue Mountain National Park is also known as Phawngpui National Park. The Park derives its name from the mountain peak Phawngpui, often called the Blue Mountain of Mizoram, which is the highest mountain peak in the state, reaching at a height of about 2157 meters…………
Total area of the park is about 50 Km2. It was declared as a National Park in the year of 1992. The park is home for wildlife like Slow Loris, Tiger, Leopard, Leopard Cat, Serow, Goral, Asiatic Black Bear, Stump-tailed Macaque and Capped Langur etc. Phawngpui is also home to an amazing variety of birds including the rare Blyth’s Tragopan, Dark Rumped Swift and Hume’s pheasant etc.
National park is an area which is strictly reserved for the betterment of the wildlife & biodiversity, and where activities like developmental, forestry, poaching, hunting and grazing on cultivation are not permitted. Their boundaries are well marked and circumscribed.

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Phawngpui Blue Mountain National Park

Phawngpui Blue Mountain National Park is a beautiful place, located in the Lawngtlai district of the state of Mizoram. Phawngpui Blue Mountain National Park is also known as Phawngpui National Park.

It was declared as a National Park in the year of 1992. Total area of the park is about 50 Km2. It is about 300 km from the main city Aizawl.

The National Park derives its name from the mountain peak Phawngpui, often called the Blue Mountain of Mizoram, which is the highest mountain peak in the state, reaching at a height of about 2157 meters.

The word Phawngpui is derived from the Lai word Phongpi meaning Phulpui in Mizo which means grassland in English.

The national park covers the entire mountain along with the surrounding reserve forest. It is famous for its exotic species of flora and fauna especially the orchids and rhododendrons spread within the valleys surrounding on all sides.

The park is home for wildlife like Slow Loris, Tiger, Leopard, Leopard Cat, Serow, Goral, Asiatic Black Bear, Stump-tailed Macaque and Capped Langur.

Click here to view state wise list of Indian national parks – updated

Phawngpui is also home to an amazing variety of birds including the rare Blyth’s Tragopan, Dark Rumped Swift and Hume’s pheasant etc.

Here one has a good chance of sighting gorals grazing peacefully in the steep slopes, brightly plumed sunbirds hovering over colorful flowers, peregrine falcon swooping down on fleeting cliffs or hearing in the evening the sharp calls of barking deer .

The mountain area of Phawngpui is at most times covered by a thin stretch of clouds, which make it blue in appearance from a distance, hence the name Blue Mountain.

History

In past, there was a ruler of the ghosts called Sangau lived nearby to the Phawngpui Tlang (Blue Mountain). Cheriang, another ruler lived across a small number of peaks. The King of Ghosts had a worthy son and the King of Cherian a lovely daughter and they were soon married to each other.

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The wedding watched the interchange of certain wonderful handouts and the greatest valued between them were – the gift of a Pine Tree from the partner’s family and a couple of Hollock Gibbons from the Ruler of Ghosts to the timberlands of Cherian. The area where the lone pine stood is called Farpak (single Pine) and today it has multiplied to a plenty while the Hollock’s that roam the forests of Cheriang are the original gift of Sangau – they sadly did not breed. 

Today, Blue Mountain is a National Park, Sangau a 1000 household strong village close to it, Cheriang is the name of a hill in Burma.

Phawngpui Blue Mountain National Park is also known as Phawngpui National Park. It was declared as a National Park in the year of 1992. Total area of the park is about 50 Km2.

The Park derives its name from the mountain peak Phawngpui, often called the Blue Mountain of Mizoram, which is the highest mountain peak in the state, reaching at a height of about 2157 meters.

The word Phawngpui is derived from the Lai word Phongpi meaning Phulpui in Mizo which means grassland in English.

Geography

Phawngpui Blue Mountain National Park is located in the Lawngtlai district of the state of Mizoram. Most of the Park is covered with Sub-tropical Broadleaf and Tropical Evergreen forests.

Phawngpui is situated near the state’s south-eastern border overlooking the bend of the mighty Chhimtuipui River and the hill ranges of Myanmar.  Sangau village, which is about 229 km from Aizawl, is the closest settlement to Phawngpui.

There are some cliffs and patches of natural grasslands on the tableland near Farpak. The Park is surrounded by villages on all sides and is an isolated refuge for wildlife.

The Kolodyne River flows along the eastern side of the Park and also forms the international border with Myanmar. The highest point in Mizoram, Phawngpui Peak (2,157 m), is located within this Park.

State wise list of Wildlife Sanctuaries of India – updated 

This national park covers the entire mountain along with the surrounding reserve forest. The edges of the mountains are all very steep and mostly of sharp precipices, and the most spectacular is a semi-circular beautiful cliff on the western side called Thlazuang Khâm, which has a blunt and deep fall. The mountain ridge runs in a north-south direction covering about 10 km.

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This breezy ridge is a virtual garden of beautiful flowering trees like rhododendrons and orchids of various hues, and one can also get splendid views of blue hazed hills extending to the horizon all around.

As the park is located at an elevation of 7000 ft. so the climate remains enjoyable all over the year.

Average rainfall – 3,000 mm

Dominant flora

The flora of Phawngpui comprises of grasses, orchids, trees of rhododendrons, oak and uncommon bamboo groves. The Daphnia flower, therapeutic basils and desolate flora blossom in the Phawngpui National Park. The Phawngpui mountain peak and the surrounding reserve forest constitute the Phawngpui Park.

Dominant fauna

MammalsGoral, Serrow, Barking Deer, Tiger, Sambar, Leopard, Kaleej Pheasant, Hollock Gibbon, Common Langur, Rhesus Macaque, Mountain goat, slow loris, Leopard cat, Asiatic black bear, Stump-tailed macaque

Birds – Blyth’s Tragopan, Falcon, Sunbirds, Dark-rumped swift, Mountain bamboo partridge, Oriental pied hornbill, Purple cochoa, Black eagle, Large-billed crow, Warblers, Woodpeckers, Pipits, Larks, Waders, Shikra, Crested Goshawk, Eurasian Sparrow hawk, Tawny Eagle, Oriental Honey Buzzard, Greater Spotted Eagle, Mountain Hawk Eagle, Brahminy Kite, Greenish Warbler, Booted Warbler, Blyth’s Reed Warbler, Black Rumped Flameback, Common Flameback, Greater Flameback, Long Billed Pipit, Short Toed Snake Eagle etc.

Many species of Reptiles, Amphibians and Fishes are also found in this park.

Other Attractions

Mountain Peak Phawngpui

Trekking and Camping

Vantawang Waterfall

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Best time to visit

The best time of the year to visit the Phawngpui Blue Mountain National Park is between the months of November to April.

How to Reach

By AirNearest airport is Aizawl airport, about 300 Km from the Phawngpui Blue Mountain National Park. Aizawl airport is well connected by road network to Phawngpui Blue Mountain National Park.

By Rail Nearest railway station is Silchar railway station, about 185 Km from the Phawngpui Blue Mountain National Park. Silchar railway station is well connected by road network to Phawngpui Blue Mountain National Park.

By Road Phawngpui Blue Mountain National Park is well connected to Major Cities and Places by road network. There are a number of government and privately operated vehicles that go to Phawngpui Blue Mountain National Park at frequent intervals.

Distance from Nearby and Major Cities

Hyderabad – about 193 km

Chennai – about 530

Nagpur – about 560

Pune – about 845

Bhopal – about 951

Accommodations

Visitors can avail the accommodation facilities provided in the rest houses in the Saiha city near the park. Visitors are advised to get in touch with the authorities of the park about accommodation and other facilities along with charges.

Useful Contacts

Directorate of Tourism, Government of Mizoram, Bungkawn Aizawl, Mizoram.

Phone: 0389-2333 475/2335 677, Email: mizoram.tourism@gmail.com

Other National Park in Mizoram. Name of National Park, Year of Notification and Total Area is as follows……….
S. No. Name of National Park Year of Notification Total Area(km²)
1 Murlen National Park Mizoram 1991 100

About Vijay Choudhary

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