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Oriental magpie-robin (Copsychus saularis) complete detail

Oriental magpie-robin (Copsychus saularis) complete detail – updated. Description of Oriental magpie-robin (Copsychus saularis). Classification of Oriental magpie-robin (Copsychus saularis). Local name of Oriental magpie-robin (Copsychus saularis) is Doyel. 
Habit and habitat of Oriental magpie-robin (Copsychus saularis). The Oriental Magpie Robin is found in open woodland, cultivated areas often close to human habitations. They prefer open areas such as mangroves, gardens, cultivated areas. 
Oriental magpie robin is the National bird of Bangladesh. The Size of Oriental magpie robin is between 17 cm to 20 cm including the tail. Oriental Maggie-Robin male has glossy blue-black upper parts, head, throat and upper breast. Long tail is black, with white outer feathers. Wings are black with two bold, long, white wing bars. Underparts are white. The underparts and the sides…………….
The breeding season is from January to July. They build their nests almost anywhere from thick shrubs, in the fork of branches of small trees, palms, hollow trees and even near human habitation, under a veranda, in a hole in the wall, in an old tin can, and in stables.
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Click here to view State wise list of Indian state birds (symbols) – updated

Description

Oriental magpie robin is the National bird of Bangladesh. The Size of Oriental magpie robin is between 17 cm to 20 cm including the tail. Oriental Maggie-Robin male has glossy blue-black upper parts, head, throat and upper breast. Long tail is black, with white outer feathers.

Wings are black with two bold, long, white wing bars. Underparts are white. The underparts and the sides of the long tail are white. Females are grey above and grayish white.

Young birds have scaly brown upper parts and head. Bill is black. Eyes are dark. Legs and feet are blackish. Female is dull dark grey instead black on the same body parts. Young birds have scaly brown upper parts and head.

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Classification

Common Name – Oriental magpie-robin

Local Name – Doyel

Zoological Name – Copsychus saularis

Kingdom – Animalia

Phylum – Chordata

Class – Aves

Order – Passeriformes

Family – Muscicapidae

Genus – Copsychus

Conservational Status – Schedule – IV, according to wildlife (Protection) act, 1972 and classified as Least Concern (LC) by the IUCN.

Distribution

The Oriental Magpie Robin, resident breeder in tropical southern Asia from Bangladesh, interior India, Sri Lanka and east to Indonesia, Thailand, south China, Singapore and the Philippines. They have been introduced to Australia. Resident practically throughout the Indian Empire, up to about 2,000 feet elevation.

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Habit and habitat

The Oriental Magpie Robin is found in open woodland, cultivated areas often close to human habitations. They prefer open areas such as mangroves, gardens, cultivated areas. They are not found in the deep forest. Oriental Magpie-Robin feeds mainly on insects caught on the ground, and also flower nectar. It also consumes earthworms, snails, small lizards and some plant matter.

The Oriental Magpie Robin is also amongst the more familiar birds found about the haunts of Man. They live solitary, in pairs or in family groups, about human habitations. In the non-breeding season it is shy and quiet, skulking about in undergrowth. The Oriental Magpie Robin is a common and tame bird. It is terrestrial, hopping along the ground with cocked tail. The male sings a few melodic notes during courtship. Oriental Magpie-Robin searches for food on the ground, hopping with raised tail and foraging for preys.

The Oriental Magpie Robins have a delightful varied song and are said to be able to imitate the calls of other birds. They are sprightly and lively, often cocking their long tails. They are easy to spot as they are not shy and sing from exposed perches.

Click here to view State wise list of Indian state animals (symbols) – updated

The breeding season is from January to July. Males court females with hearty song, usually at dawn and dusk, moving their tails up and down in tune. They can be very territorial during breeding. They build their nests almost anywhere from thick shrubs, in the fork of branches of small trees, palms, hollow trees and even near human habitation, under a veranda, in a hole in the wall, in an old tin can, and in stables.

Generally, Laying 4-5 eggs which are incubated by both sexes for 8 to 15 days and their eggs are oval and usually pale blue green with brownish speckles. The female is involved in most of the nest building that happens about a week before the eggs are laid.

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