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Nokrek National Park complete detail – updated

Nokrek National Park complete detail – updated. Geography of Nokrek National Park. Dominant flora and fauna of Nokrek National Park. How to Reach Nokrek National Park. The entire Biosphere Reserve is hilly.
Total area of the park is 47.48 Km2. It was declared as National Park in the year of 1986. UNESCO added this National park to its list of Biosphere Reserve in the year of 2009. The park is home to many species of birds, animals, reptiles and amphibians. There is a vast range of plants found in the park. A virgin canopy of thick, tall and lush green forests cover Nokrek national park……………..
This park is inhabited by numerous animals, including the red-panda, Asian elephant, tiger, marbled cat, stump tailed macaque, Hoolock Gibbons, Capped Langur, Clouded Leopard, Leopard Cat, Fishing-Cat, Golden Cat, Pangolin, Wild Buffalo, Python, pig-tailed macaque and seven species of primates.
National park is an area which is strictly reserved for the betterment of the wildlife & biodiversity, and where activities like developmental, forestry, poaching, hunting and grazing on cultivation are not permitted. Their boundaries are well marked and circumscribed.

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Nokrek National Park

Nokrek National Park is a beautiful place, located in the East Garo Hills district of the state of Meghalaya. Nokrek National Park is also a Biosphere Reserve and known as Nokrek Biosphere Reserve.

It was declared as National Park in the year of 1986. Total area of the park is 47.48 Km2. Nokrek is a hotspot of biodiversity in Meghalaya. UNESCO added this National park to its list of Biosphere Reserve in the year of 2009.

The park lies about 2 km from the Tura peak at an altitude of about 4650 ft. above sea level. Among the lush green bushes and the tall trees is the home of the extremely rare Red Panda.

Click here to view state wise list of Indian national parks – updated

The entire Biosphere Reserve is hilly. The rock is mainly gneisses, granulites, migmatites, amphibolites and banded iron formation, intruded by basis and ultra-basic bodies.

There is a vast range of plants found in the park. A virgin canopy of thick, tall and lush green forests cover Nokrek national park.

The area is noted for its wild varieties of citrus fruits that provide a gene-pool for commercially produced citrus. A thick canopy of lush green forest cover provides habitats for several insects and allows sustainability for the food chain.

The park is home to many species of birds, animals, reptiles and amphibians. This park is inhabited by numerous animals, including the red-panda, Asian elephant, tiger, marbled cat, stump tailed macaque, Hoolock Gibbons, Capped Langur, Clouded Leopard, Leopard Cat, Fishing-Cat, Golden Cat, Pangolin, Wild Buffalo, Python, pig-tailed macaque and seven species of primates.

Many species of birds can also be spotted here and the national park is considered to be an important bird area and an ideal spot for bird watchers.

All important rivers and streams of the Garo Hills region rise from the Nokrek Range, of which the river Simsang, known as Someshwari when it emerges into Bangladesh at Baghmara, is the most prominent.

Memang Narang (mother of germoplasm), also known as Citrus Indici, was discovered in the Nokrek National Park. The most popular places to visit in the national park are the Nokrek Peak and Rongbang Dare Waterfalls.

Napak Lake and Siju Cave, located near the Simsang River Game Reserve, are also worth visiting. The Siju Caves can be measured in miles and they are filled with water.

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Geography

Nokrek National Park is located in the East Garo Hills district of the state of Meghalaya. The park lies about 2 km from the Tura peak at an altitude of about 4650 ft. above sea level.

The entire Biosphere Reserve is hilly. The rock is mainly gneisses, granulites, migmatites, amphibolites and banded iron formation, intruded by basis and ultra-basic bodies.

The Nokrek National Park is located close to the National Citrus Gene Sanctuary-cum-Biosphere which has some of the rarest animals and trees species.

The terrain of the national park is predominantly hilly with high amounts of iron found in the rocks. All the important rivers that flow through the Garo Hills originate from the Nokrek Hills. Of all the rivers, Simsang River, also known as Someshwari River, is the most important.

In most of the Biosphere Reserve area the soil is red loam. But sometimes it varies from clayey to sandy loam. Mainly the soil comprises of organic matter and nitrogen but it lacks phosphate and potash. The area of Nokrek National Park is full of sedimentary rocks such as shales, pebbles and sand stones.

Siju Caves which is made up of lime stone grabs the attention of tourists and paves the way for exploring in the cave filled with water most of the time.

There is a vast range of plants found in the park. A virgin canopy of thick, tall and lush green forests cover Nokrek national park.

The area is noted for its wild varieties of citrus fruits that provide a gene-pool for commercially produced citrus.

All important rivers and streams of the Garo Hills region rise from the Nokrek Range, of which the river Simsang, known as Someshwari when it emerges into Bangladesh at Baghmara, is the most prominent.

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Dominant flora

Nokrek is composed primarily of a hilly terrain covered with thick semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests.

The thick lush greenery of the region looks amazing and it enables sustenance of food chain and co-existence of diverse species of flora and fauna.

Huge rock pieces comprising of migmatites, gneisses, amphibolites, granulites and also the ones containing iron can be found dispersed across the park.

Memang Narang (mother of germoplasm), also known as Citrus Indici, was discovered in the Nokrek National Park.

The park is also famous for cultivation of Memang Narang, a species of Oranges. Other significant plants include the orchids, wild lemon grass, champak, white meranti etc.

Dominant fauna

Mammals – Red Panda, Elephant, Fishing-Cat, Capped Langur, Serow, Wild Buffalo, Golden Cat, Clouded Leopard, Jungle Cat, Hoolock Gibbons, Slow Loris, Giant Flying Squirrel, Pig-Tailed Macaques, Wild Buffalo, Stump-Tailed Macaques etc.

Birds – Green Pigeon, Pheasants, Peacocks, Mountain Bamboo Partridge, White Cheek Partridge, Grey-Peacock Pheasant, White-throated Bulbul, Bay Woodpecker, Great hornbill, Common hornbill etc.

Reptiles – Viper, krait, Mountain lizard, Python, Gecko etc.

Other Attractions

Simsang River game reserve

The Nokrek Peak

Rongbang Dare Waterfalls

The Garo Hills

The limestone Siju Caves

The glistening waters of Napak Lake and the Simsang game reserve are worth a visit

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Best time to visit

The best time of the year to visit the Nokrek National Park is between the months of October to May.

How to Reach

By AirNearest airport is Guwahati airport, about 140 Km from the Nokrek National Park. Guwahati airport is well connected by road network to Nokrek National Park.

By Rail Nearest railway station is Guwahati railway station, about 160 Km from the Nokrek National Park. Guwahati railway station is well connected by road network to Nokrek National Park.

By Road Nokrek National Park is well connected to Major Cities and Places by road network. There are a number of government and privately operated vehicles that go to Nokrek National Park at frequent intervals.

Distance from Nearby and Major Cities

William Nagar – about 18 km

Tura – about 26 km

Shillong – about 146 km

Guwahati – about 151 km

Sikkim – about 301 km

Kolkata – about 383 km

Lucknow – about 960 km

New Delhi – about 1356 km

Accommodations

No accommodation facility available at Nokrek national park. The nearest cities to Nokrek are William Nagar, at a distance of 15 kilometers and Tura. Several budget and mid-ranged lodges are available for accommodation in these 2 cities.

Tourist lodges, hotels, rest houses and resorts are also available at Guwahati and Shillong.

Useful Contacts

Phone No. – 0364 222 6220, Website – www.megtourism.gov.in

Other National Park in Meghalaya. Name of National Park, Year of Notification and Total Area is as follows……….
S. No. Name of National Park Year of Notification Total Area(km²)
1 Balphakram National Park Meghalaya 1985 220

About Vijay Choudhary

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