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Namdapha National Park – complete detail – updated

Namdapha National Park – complete detail – updated. Dominant flora and fauna of Namdapha National Park. Namdapha National Park is the largest protected area in the Eastern Himalayan Biodiversity Hotspot. Namdapha National Park is the 3rd largest national park in India in terms of area. 
The area is also known for extensive Dipterocarp forests among the last great remote wilderness areas of Asia. Namdapha and its adjoining areas, is flanked by the Patkai hills to the south and south-east and by the Himalaya in the north and lies close to the Indo-Myanmar-China tri-junction. The area dwells under both the Palearctic and Indo Malayan bio-geographic areas resulting in a thronging of diverse species. The park has extensive bamboo forests to complement the secondary forests………..
Namdapha was established as a wildlife sanctuary in 1972. It was declared a tiger reserve and national park in 1983. Total area of the park is about 1807.82 Km2. The park is located in the Changlang district of the state of Arunachal Pradesh
Namdapha National Park is famous for being the only park in India to have four big cat species, like leopard, tiger, clouded leopard and snow leopard. Around 96 mammal species are found here of which 29 species are listed on Schedule I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
National park is an area which is strictly reserved for the betterment of the wildlife & biodiversity, and where activities like developmental, forestry, poaching, hunting and grazing on cultivation are not permitted. Their boundaries are well marked and circumscribed.

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Namdapha National Park

Namdapha National Park is a beautiful place, located in the Changlang district of the state of Arunachal Pradesh. Namdapha National Park is the 3rd largest national park in India in terms of area.

Namdapha National Park is located in the Eastern Himalayan Sub-region and is recognized as one of the richest areas in biodiversity in India. The national park is nestled between the Patkai range and Dapha bum range of Mishmi Hills.

Namdapha lies along the turbulent Noa-Dihing River at the international border between India and Myanmar. Namdapha was established as a wildlife sanctuary in 1972. It was declared a tiger reserve and national park in 1983. Total area of the park is about 1807.82 Km2.

Click here to view state wise list of Indian national parks – updated

Namdapha National Park is the largest protected area in the Eastern Himalayan Biodiversity Hotspot. Namdapha National Park is the perfect Eastern Himalaya biodiversity hotspot. Recognized as one of the richest areas in biodiversity in India, the park harbors the northernmost lowland evergreen rainforests in the world at 27°N latitude.

The area is also known for extensive Dipterocarp forests among the last great remote wilderness areas of Asia. Namdapha and its adjoining areas, is flanked by the Patkai hills to the south and south-east and by the Himalaya in the north and lies close to the Indo-Myanmar-China tri-junction.

The area dwells under both the Palearctic and Indo Malayan bio-geographic areas resulting in a thronging of diverse species. The park has extensive bamboo forests to complement the secondary forests.

Namdapha National Park is famous for being the only park in India to have four big cat species, like leopard, tiger, clouded leopard and snow leopard. Around 96 mammal species are found here of which 29 species are listed on Schedule I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

Perhaps no other national park in the world has a wider altitudinal variation than the Namdapha national park that rises from 200m to 4,500m in the snow-capped mountain. This variation has given rise to the growth of diverse habitats of flora and fauna.

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History

In 1947, Mr. W. Maiklinjalm, Forest Advisor to the Governor of Assam put forth a proposal to protect this wilderness and declare it a national park. But this was ignored and during the Indo-China war, files that advised protection mysteriously disappeared. In 1969, some of these papers were recovered.

Namdapha was established as a wildlife sanctuary in 1972. It was declared a tiger reserve and national park in 1983. Total area of the park is about 1807.82 Km2

Namdapha first came to international prominence during the Second World War. After the Japanese invasion of China’s Pacific coast and Burma, allied planes regularly flew supply missions from Chabua in Assam to Kunming to support Generalissimo Chian Kai Shek’s Kuo Min Tang army.

Namdapha shot into prominence during the Second World War. It lay on the famous ‘hump’ air-route from Assam to China used by the Allies to support Chian Kai Shek’s Kuo Min Tang army.

The reserve area of Namdapha first came into existence and notice to the international importance during the Second World War due to its rich biodiversity. The latter half of the war was witnessed here with several pilots being crushing at this site as a result of multiple air turbulence over the area.

The area of Namdapha also proved to be the refugee camps for many immigrants and till today. The Chakma, refugees from Bangladesh, are the recent immigrants to the area, being settled by the Indian government in the 1960s in the areas between the town of Miao and the western edge of Namdapha.

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Geography

The park is located in Changlang district of the Northeastern state of Arunachal Pradesh, near its border with Myanmar. It spans an area of 1985 km2 with 177 km2 in buffer zone and 1808 km2 in the core area.

Namdapha National Park is located in the Eastern Himalayan Sub-region and is recognized as one of the richest areas in biodiversity in India. The national park is nestled between the Patkai range and Dapha bum range of Mishmi Hills.

Namdapha lies along the turbulent Noa-Dihing River at the international border between India and Myanmar. The park is located between the Dapha bum range of the Mishmi Hills and the Patkai range with a wide altitudinal range between 200 m and 4571 m above the sea level.

The habitat changes with increasing altitude from Tropical moist forests to montane forests, temperate forests and at the higher elevations, to Alpine meadows and perennial snow.

The higher elevations remain snowbound for most part of the year. Dapha Bum, a ridge on Mishmi hills, is the highest point (4571 m) of the park. The park has extensive bamboo forests and secondary forests in addition to the primary forests.

Total area – about 1807.82 Km2

Coordinates – 27°29’00″N 96°23’00″E 

Longitude – 96°15’ E to 96°58’ E.

Latitude – 27°23’ N to 27°39’ N.

Altitude – 200 metres to 4571 metres.

Temperature:       Maximum – 37o C

                             Minimum – 8o C

Rainfall – 1400 mm to 2500 mm

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Dominant flora

Many floral species are found in the park. Many plants found in Namdapha are rare, endangered or endemic species. Species of Amentotaxus, Cephalotaxus and Larix being endemic to this region. Some species, such as Pinus merkusii (Sumatran pine) and Abies delavayi (Delavay’s Fir) are found nowhere else in India.

The Pinus merkusi and Abies delavavi are not found elsewhere in India. One of the rarest and endangered orchids, the Blue Vanda found here. The most famous local medicinal plant Mishimi Teeta (Copti teeta), which is used by the local tribal for all kinds of diseases is available here but its export has been banned.

73 species of lichens, 59 species of Bryophytes, 112 species of  Heridophytes, 5 species of Gymnosperons and around 801 species of Angiosperms (Sharma et. Al 1990).

Dominant fauna

Mammals Tiger, Clouded Leopard, Common leopard, Snow Leopard, Hoolock Gibbon, Elephants, Black bear, Indian Bison, Gaur, Sambar, Serow, Dholes, Musk deer, Mouse deer, Wolf, Leopard cat, Bharal, Himalayan tahr, Wild buffalo, Wolves, Asiatic black bears, Red panda, Red fox, Yellow-throated marten, Slow Loris, Capped Langurs, Assamese Macaques, Rhesus Macaques, Capped langur etc.

Birds White-winged Wood Duck, Tragopan, Monal Pheasants, Giant Hornbill, Forest Eagle, Owl White-winged Wood Duck, Snowy throated babblers, Rufous-necked hornbill, Green cochoa, Chakma, Peafowl, Fairy Bluebird, Assam Bamboo Partridge etc.

Reptiles Indian Python, Reticulated Python, King Cobra, Monitor lizard etc.

Other Attractions

Miao Museum – Maintained by the Namdapha Park Management authorities. There are many snake and frog specimens as well as a large number of bird skins, mammal pelts and skulls. The museum is open on all the working days.

Miao Mini Zoo (Miao) – The Miao zoo is situated opposite to the museum near the Field Director’s Office. Several primates found in Namdapha are housed in the zoo, including Hoolock gibbons, pig-tailed macaque, Assamese macaques, stump-tailed macaque and slow loris. Small carnivores will include Himalayan palm civet and other small mammals like porcupines and leopard cats. Among the other attractions are black bears and an enclosure with a gharial. Outside the zoo is a large enclosure with sambar and barking deer.

Moti Jheel – It is a small natural pool situated atop a plateau called Gibbon’s Land. The path to Moti Jheel is steep, but runs through beautiful deciduous and semi-evergreen forests, with moss-laden branches and trees covered in epiphytes.

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Raja Jheel – Raja Jheel can be reached by a path bifurcating from the main path between Hornbill and Firmbase just before Rani Jheel. The jheel is about an hour’s walk from Rani Jheel. Raja Jheel is a forest swamp that is now completely overgrown with vegetation, but the main attraction is the habitats and bird life en route to the swamp. The path to Raja Jheel continues to the mountains beyond the swamp, and can be resulted in a steep and difficult route on further trailing.

Elephant Ride

Trekking

Boat Ride

River Crossing

Note – Jeeps will not be available for Jeep Safari.

Nearby Attractions

Gandhigram – Gandhigram is the largest settlement near Namdapha which is locally called Shidi (flat land) by the Lisus. Gandhigram is a tidy and well-planned village, with the traditional chang-houses built in rows along several parallel streets.

Vijaynagar – Vijaynagar is the base area where the Assam Rifles is stationed and Indian Air Force also maintains an advanced landing ground or ALG.

Best Time to Visit

The period between November and March is probably the best season to visit the park.

Fee

For Indians – Rs. 10/- Per Person

For Foreigners – Rs. 50/- Per Person

Vehicles – Rs. 100/-

Ordinary Camera – Rs. 75/-

Still Camera with Tele Lens/Zoom – Rs. 400/-

Video Movie Camera – Rs. 750/-

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How to Reach

By Air – Nearest airport is Mohanbari airport in Dibrugarh, about 160 Km from the Namdapha National Park. Mohanbari airport is well connected by road to Namdapha National Park. Guwahati airport at 600 km is better connected further from Dibrugarh.

By Rail – Nearest railway station is Tinsukia railway station in Assam, about 140 Km from the Namdapha National Park. Tinsukia railway station is well connected by road to Namdapha National Park.

By Road – Namdapha National Park is well connected to Major Cities and Places by road network. There are a number of government and privately operated vehicles that go to Namdapha National Park at frequent intervals.

The route from Dibrugarh to Miao goes via Tinsukia, Digboi, Margherita, Ledo, Jagun, Namchik and Kharsang. The drive takes about six hours to reach the place.

Distance from Major Places

Dibrugarh – about 160 Km

Tinsukia – about 140 Km

Margherita – about 91 Km

Changlang – about 136 Km

Tezu – about 180 Km

Sibsagar – about 200 Km

Guwahati – about 590 Km

Important Contacts

The Assistant Director (Tourism), O/o the D.I.P.R., Govt. of Arunachal Pradesh, Naharlagun. Tel.: 03781-44115.

The Govt. of India Tourist Office, Sector-C, Naharlagun, Arunachal Pradesh – 791110. Tel.: 03781-44328.

The Field Director, Namdapha Tiger Reserve, Miao – 792 122, Changlang district, Arunachal Pradesh, Phone / Fax: +91-3807-222249.

Assistant Director (Tourism), Directorate, Information and Public Relation, Govt. of Arunachal Pradesh, Naharlagun, Arunachal Pradesh, Phone: +91-360-2244115.

Government of India Tourist Office, Sector- C, Naharlagun – 791 110, Arunachal Pradesh, Phone: +91-360-2244328

Accommodation

At Miao

Inspection Bungalow

Eco-Tourist Forest Guest House

Namdapha Jungle Camp

Circuit house

Circuit House, Tourist Lodge and Inspection Bungalow

At Namdapha National Park

Deban Forest Rest House

Other National Park in Arunachal Pradesh. Name of National Park, Year of Notification and Total Area is as follows……….
S. No. Name of National Park Year of Notification Total Area(km²)
1 Mouling National Park Arunachal Pradesh 1986 483

About Vijay Choudhary

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