Mouling National Park – complete detail – updated. Dominant flora and fauna of Mouling National Park. Geography of Mouling National Park. How to reach Mouling National Park. The name Mouling has been derived from highest peak named Mouling as per local faith and belief.
The park is located in the Upper Siang district of the state of Arunachal Pradesh. The Mouling National Park was created in 1986 (Gazette notification No. FOR/55/Gen/81 dt.30th Dec.’86). Total area of the park is about 483 Km2.
The richness and varieties of flora and fauna in the Mouling National Park is perhaps unequal on the earth. Mouling Park is also known for Red Pandas, Deers, Hoolock Gibbons and Tigers. The other fauna found in the park are wild buffalo, panther, elephant, hog dear, barking deer, sambar, python etc. The park is also famous for birds and reptiles.
National park is an area which is strictly reserved for the betterment of the wildlife & biodiversity, and where activities like developmental, forestry, poaching, hunting and grazing on cultivation are not permitted. Their boundaries are well marked and circumscribed.
Mouling National Park
Mouling National Park is a beautiful place, located in the Upper Siang district (some parts of the West Siang and East Siang districts) of the state of Arunachal Pradesh.
The Mouling National Park was created in 1986 (Gazette notification No. FOR/55/Gen/81 dt.30th Dec.’86). Total area of the park is about 483 Km2.
The name Mouling has been derived from highest peak named Mouling as per local faith and belief. Mouling is an Adi word which means red poison or red blood, which is believed to be red latex from a tree species found locally. The area is thought to have a large number of poisonous snakes, but this cannot be verified as the ecology of the area has been sparsely explored.
The richness and varieties of flora and fauna in the Mouling National Park is perhaps unequal on the earth. The genetic and ecological features of the Mouling National Park are one of the classic example of wide bio-diversity and its balance in the natural forests of eastern Himalayas.
Mouling National Park in Arunachal Pradesh has been recognized as one of the 18 biodiversity hotspots of the world. Mouling is known for its three varieties of goat – antelopes, locally known as takin, coral and serow.
Mouling Park is also known for Red Pandas, Deers, Hoolock Gibbons and Tigers. The other fauna found in the park are wild buffalo, panther, elephant, hog dear, barking deer, sambar, python etc. The park is also famous for birds and reptiles.
The greenery and the mountain ranges are outstanding. It is projected on a background of tranquil mountains which intensify its grandness tremendously.
There is the River Siyom flowing along the western borders of the park, while a number of smaller rivers are also passing through the park namely the Semong, Krobong, Subong and Siring, all of which flow into the Siang River, which is at the eastern boundary.
The national park covers an area of about 483 km² forming the western part of the Dihang-Dibang Biosphere Reserve. The park boundaries have been drawn through an aerial survey based on artificial and natural boundaries such as the Siyom River in the west, and on-ground demarcation of sections of the boundary is still not complete.
The park has two ranges, the Ramsing range accessible from the Bomdo village and the Jengging range accessible from the Lissing village. The configuration of the park is gentle to very steep and rugged mountainous land. Steep slopes of these mountains are covered with dense evergreen and semi-evergreen vegetation.
The landscape of the park is marked with semi evergreen type. This park is surrounded by forested mountains which add to the beauty and splendor of the Mouling National Park.
The area around Mouling National park is one of great bio-diversity, with a juxtaposition of different biotopes, and is often called the state’s cradle of biodiversity. With elevations ranging from 400 m to over 3000 m in the park, it forms a transition zone between tropical forests at lower altitudes to most temperate forest at altitudes above 2800 m.
The park is watered by a number of small brooks and 13 streams that finally join the Siang River. The surrounding of the Mouling National Park is adapted to domestic use by Idu Mishimis and Adis.
Mouling is a bio-diversity hotspot with a complex hill system comprising forests – a mix of tropical wet evergreen, semi evergreen, subtropical broad-leaved hill forests, montane wet temperate forests and bamboo. The landscape covers mountainous land with step slopes covered with dense vegetation.
The National Park lies in between 28028’ to 28042’ North latitude and 94042’ to 95001’ East longitude.
Snowfall is very common on Mouling peak during winter season (from December to February). Rainfall – 1500 to 2300 mm.
Terminalia myriocarpa, Terminalia bellirica, Terminalia citrina, Altingia excelsa, Canarium strictum, Castanopsis indica, Albizia sapium, Amoora wallichii, Chukrasia tabularis, Tooan ciliata, Duabanga grandiflora, Cinnamomum glanduliferum, Michelia excelsa, Michelia montana, Michelia kisopa, Dillenia pentagyna, Betula alnoides, Arundinaria maling, Dendrocalamus hamiltoni, Bambusa pallida, Calamus erectus etc.
Mammals – Takin, Coral, Serow, Wild buffalo, Tiger, Panther, Red panda, Elephant, Hog dear, Barking deer, Sambar, Hoolock gibbon etc.
Birds – White-winged Wood Duck, Tragopan, Monal Pheasants, Giant Hornbill, Forest Eagle, Owl White-winged Wood Duck, Snowy throated babblers, Green cochoa, Chakma, Peafowl, Fairy Bluebird, Assam Bamboo Partridge etc.
Reptiles – Indian Python, Reticulated Python, King Cobra, Monitor lizard etc.
Best Time to Visit
November to April is the best season for the wild lovers to visit this Mouling National Park.
How to Reach
By Air – Nearest airport is Lilabari airport in Tezpur, about 230 Km from the Mouling National Park. Lilabari airport is well connected by road to Mouling National Park.
By Rail – Nearest railway station is Tinsukia railway station in Assam. Railway stations at North Lakhimpur and Morkongselak village are nearby railheads. These railway stations are well connected by road to Mouling National Park.
By Road – Mouling National Park is well connected to Major Cities and Places by road network. There are a number of government and privately operated vehicles that go to Mouling National Park at frequent intervals.
Contact (Official) – 09436639212
Website – www.arunachalforests.gov.in
Other National Park in Arunachal Pradesh. Name of National Park, Year of Notification and Total Area is as follows……….
|S. No.||Name of National Park||Year of Notification||Total Area(km²)|
|1||Namdapha National Park||Arunachal Pradesh||1983||1807.82|