Hamsapadi (Adiantum philippense) complete detail. Medicinal uses of Hamsapadi (Adiantum philippense). Description of Hamsapadi (Adiantum philippense).
Classification of Hamsapadi. Habit and habitat of Hamsapadi. Local Name of Adiantum philippense is Hamsapadi. Adiantum philippense is a small and delicate fern.
Adiantum philippense is well known for its antioxidant potential. Decoction of fresh leaves used as stomachic and diuretic and also used as a cure for dysentery. Fronds extract used in fever, asthma, bronchitis dysentery, epilepsy, leprosy, ulcers, and erysipelas. Dried rhizome mixed with water taken orally by women once during menstruation for sterility.
Adiantum philippense is a small and delicate fern. Rhizome short, sub-erect, the apex covered with scales, scales linear, a little broader at base. Stipes are tufted, slender, dark brown, shining, glabrous, 5 to 21 centimeters long. Fronds tufted, herbaceous, arching. Stipe up to 20 cm long, dark brown to black, shiny, glabrous.
Lamina pinnate, linear to lance late in outline; 36 × 11 cm, excluding a glabrous extension of the rhachis of varying length, which often ends in a proliferous bud or lamina with a terminal pinna. Rhachis, petiole and pinnae glabrous. Pinnae numerous (up to 15 pairs), persistent, lunulate, petiolate, alternate; 25-50 × 13-25 mm, reduced in size towards the apex, the midrib forms the lower margin, outer margin irregurly incised into broad lobes. Sori are oblong to linear, and as long as the lobes are broad.
Common Name – Hamsapadi
Botanical Name – Adiantum philippense
Kingdom – Plantae
Subkingdom – Tracheobionta
Division – Pteridophyta
Class – Filicopsida
Order – Polypodiales
Genus – Adiantum
Family – Pteridaceae
Adiantum philippense found Bangladesh, India, Thailand, Sri Lanka and Cambodia. Adiantum philippense mostly found throughout north India.
Adiantum philippense is well known for its antioxidant potential. Used in treatment of paralysis, blood diseases, epileptic fits, rabies, dysentery, elephantiasis, pimples, and wounds. It is also known for its antimicrobial activity. Adiantum philippense has many medicinal properties like considered alterative, astringent, cooling, demulcent, diuretic, emmenagogue, stomachic etc.
Decoction of fresh leaves used as stomachic and diuretic and also used as a cure for dysentery. Fronds extract used in fever, asthma, bronchitis dysentery, epilepsy, leprosy, ulcers, and erysipelas. Extract of leaves taken orally and paste of leaves applied to lower part of abdomen to clear urine. Dried rhizome mixed with water taken orally by women once during menstruation for sterility. Adiantum philippense also used in the treatment of cough, leprosy, hair falling, fever, burning sensation.