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Mathikettan Shola National Park complete detail – updated

Mathikettan Shola National Park complete detail – updated. Geography of Mathikettan Shola National Park. Dominant flora and fauna of Mathikettan Shola National Park. How to Reach Mathikettan Shola National Park. The region was declared as a Reserve Woodland by the Travancore Government in 1897. It was confirmed a National Park in the year of 2003 to defend its environmental, faunal, wreathed and biological wealth and its atmosphere.
Total area of the park is about 12.82 Km2. It was declared as a National Park in the year of 2003. The park is home to beautiful and rare animals like Tigers, Panthers, Elephants, Giant grizzled squirrel, Flying squirrels, Spotted deer and Nilgiri tahr. There are various types of medicinal plants (herbs), of which studies have been conducted. The park is a biodiversity hotspot and plays a vital role in safeguarding wildlife in the region. Watching birds and wildlife in their natural habitat is a popular attraction among trekkers in the national park………….
National park is an area which is strictly reserved for the betterment of the wildlife & biodiversity, and where activities like developmental, forestry, poaching, hunting and grazing on cultivation are not permitted. Their boundaries are well marked and circumscribed.

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Mathikettan Shola National Park is a beautiful place, located in the Idukki district of the state of Kerala. The park is located between other reserve forests like Eravikulam National Park and Pampadam Shola National Park.

It was declared as a National Park in the year of 2003. Total area of the park is about 12.82 Km2. The park was part of the Cardamom Hill Reserve region till it was notified as a national park.

Click here to view state wise list of Indian National Parks – updated

State wise list of Wildlife Sanctuaries of India – updated 

The name of the park has been derived from a Tamil term which literally refers to ‘mind confuser’. It has been so named as the paths inside the forest are quite confusing according to the local folks. The local people attribute its name to the fact that one who enters the dense forests in the Park can easily get lost.

The park is home to beautiful and rare animals like Tigers, Panthers, Elephants, Giant grizzled squirrel, Flying squirrels, Spotted deer and Nilgiri tahr.

The park is a biodiversity hotspot and plays a vital role in safeguarding wildlife in the region. Watching birds and wildlife in their natural habitat is a popular attraction among trekkers in the national park.

There are various types of medicinal plants (herbs), of which studies have been conducted. Elephants which visit Mathikettan shola from the Munnar Division become trapped between the Bodinayakkanur and Kottamalai areas.

History

The name of the park has been derived from a Tamil term which literally refers to ‘mind confuser’. It has been so named as the paths inside the forest are quite confusing according to the local folks. The local people attribute its name to the fact that one who enters the dense forests in the Park can easily get lost.

The region was declared as a Reserve Woodland by the Travancore Government in 1897. It was confirmed a National Park in the year of 2003 to defend its environmental, faunal, wreathed and biological wealth and its atmosphere.

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Mathikettan region is portion of the Cardamom Hummock Reserve (CHR) reported in the Travancore Government journal 24th August 1897, in which the region was created as a Reserve Woodland underneath section 18 of Regulation II of 1068.

Before 2003, a part of the land was under lease for the production of cardamom. Certain areas in the Park were leased out for cardamom cultivation.

Geography

Mathikettan Shola National Park is a beautiful place, located in the Idukki district of the state of Kerala. It is located between other reserve forests like Eravikulam National Park and Pampadam Shola National Park.

Total area of the park is about 12.82 Km2. It has an undulating terrain with several hillocks of varying heights.

Undulating terrain with hillocks of varying heights, where a misty and cloudy climate prevails throughout the year, where a wide range of habitats shelter species that are rare and endemic, providing a wide range of flora and fauna.

The altitude of the region ranges from 1200 to 1984 metres. It is also the origin of several perennial streams which merges with Panniyar River.

Rainfall – 2000 to 2700 mm

Temperature:       Maximum: 40o C

                             Minimum: 10o C

Dominant flora

Litsea wighteana, Chionanthus ramiflorus, Syzygium gardneri, Callophyllum austro-indicum, Bhesa indica etc. Various types of Orchids, Ferns, Lichen, and mosses are also found in the park.

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Dominant fauna

Mammals – Tiger, Panthers, Elephants, Spotted deer, Nilgiri tahrs, Giant grizzled squirrels, Jungle Cat, Wild Dog, Gaur, Sambar, Flying Squirrels etc.

Reptiles – King cobra, Rat snakes, Crocodiles, Vipers, Cobras, Turtles, Lizards, Pythons etc.

Other Attractions

Trekking

Munnar

Western Ghats

Kumarakom

Thekkady

Best time to visit

The best time of the year to visit the Mathikettan Shola National Park is between the months of April to September.

Fee

Indians – Rs. 40/- Per person

Foreigners – Rs. 500/- Per person

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How to Reach

By Air – Nearest airport is Cochin International Airport, about 140 Km from the Mathikettan Shola National Park. Cochin International Airport is well connected by road to Mathikettan Shola National Park.

By Rail – Nearest railway station is Theni railway station, about 55 Km from the Mathikettan Shola National Park. Theni railway station is well connected by road to Mathikettan Shola National Park.

By Road – Mathikettan Shola National Park is well connected to Major Cities and Places by road network. There are a number of government and privately operated vehicles that go to Mathikettan Shola National Park at frequent intervals.

Useful Contact

The Wildlife Warden, Munnar PO, Idukki Kerala, India – 685 612
Ph.: + 91 4865 231587, Mob: +91 9447979093
E-mail: ww-munnar@forest.kerala.gov.in

Assistant Wildlife Warden, Shola National Parks Range, Top Station, Ellapatty P.O.
Vattavada, Idukki Kerala – 685615

Website (Official) – www.forest.kerala.gov.in

Other National Parks in Kerala. Name of National Parks, Year of Notification and Total Area is as follows……..
S. No. Name of National Park Year of Notification Total Area(km²)
1 Eravikulam National Park Kerala 1978 97
2 Periyar National Park Kerala 1982 350
3 Silent Valley National Park Kerala 1984 89.52
4 Anamudi Shola National Park Kerala 2003 7.50
5 Pambadum Shola National Park Kerala 2003 1.32

About Vijay Choudhary

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