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List of Marine protected areas in India – updated

List of Marine protected areas in India – updated. How many marine protected areas in India. These places are given special protections for natural or historic marine resources by local, state, territorial, native, regional, or national authorities.
Valuable biodiversity saved by these places all over India.These areas provide suitable conditions to unique marine life. Name of marine protected area, location, category, area and year of notification is given below…..

Marine Protected Areas

A marine protected area is essentially a space in the ocean where human activities are more strictly regulated than the surrounding waters – similar to parks we have on land. These places are given special protections for natural or historic marine resources by local, state, territorial, native, regional, or national authorities.

Other Protected areas in India (Click for the details)

List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India

List of Biosphere reserves in India

List of Tiger Reserves in India

List of Elephant Reserves in India

List of Ramsar Wetland Sites in India

State wise list of Indian National Parks

List of Important Coastal and Marine Biodiversity Areas (ICMBAs) in India

State wise list of Community Reserves of Indian – updated

State wise list of Conservation Reserves of India – updated

State wise list of Wildlife Sanctuaries of India – updated 

State wise list of Indian National Parks – updated

List of Marine Protected Areas in peninsular India is as follows……….
S. No. Name of MPA State Category Area (In Km2) Year of establishment
1 Coringa Andhra Pradesh Sanctuary 235.7 1978
2 Krishna Andhra Pradesh Sanctuary 194.81 1989
3 Pulicat Lake Andhra Pradesh Sanctuary 500 1980
4 Dadra & Nagar Haveli Dadra & Nagar Haveli Sanctuary 92.16 2000
5 Fudam Daman & Diu Sanctuary 2.18 1991
6 Chorao Island Goa Sanctuary 1.78 1988
7 Marine (Gulf of Kachchh) Gujarat National Park 162.89 1995
8 Khijadia Gujarat Sanctuary 6.05 1981
9 Marine (Gulf of Kachchh) Gujarat Sanctuary 295.03 1980
10 Kadalundi Vallikkunnu Com R Kerala Community Reserve 1.50 2007
11 Malvan Marine Maharashtra Sanctuary 29.12 1987
12 Thane Creek Flamingo Maharashtra Sanctuary 16.905 2015
13 Bhitarkanika Odisha National Park 145 1998
14 Bhitarkanika Odisha Sanctuary 672 1975
15 Chilka (Nalaban) Odisha Sanctuary 15.53 1987
16 Gahirmatha Odisha Sanctuary 1435 1997
17 Balukhand Konark Odisha Sanctuary 71.72 1984
18 Gulf of Mannar Marine Tamil Nadu National Park 6.23 1980
19 Point Calimere Tamil Nadu Sanctuary 172.6 1967
20 Pulicat Lake Tamil Nadu Sanctuary 153.67 1980
21 Sundarbans West Bengal National Park 1330.1 1984
22 West Sundarbans West Bengal Sanctuary 556.45 2013
23 Haliday Island West Bengal Sanctuary 5.95 1976
24 Sajnakhali West Bengal Sanctuary 2091.12 1976
25 Lothian Island West Bengal Sanctuary 38 1976

 *excluding small island MPAs of Andaman and Nicobar Island

List of Marine Protected Areas in Islands of India

Sl. No. PA Name State NP/ WLS Area     (In km²) Status year
1 Arial Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.05 1977
2 Bamboo Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.05 1977
3 Barren Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 11.99 1977
4 Battimalv Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 5.03 1977
5 Belle Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.08 1977
6 Bennett Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 3.46 1977
7 Bingham Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.08 1977
8 Blister Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.26 1977
9 Bluff Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 1.14 1977
10 Bondoville Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 2.55 1977
11 Brush Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.23 1977
12 Buchanan Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 9.33 1977
13 Campbell Andaman & Nicobar National Park 426.23 1992
14 Chanel Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.13 1977
15 Cinque Islands Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 9.51 1977
16 Clyde Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.54 1977
17 Cone Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.65 1977
18 Curlew (B.P.) Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.16 1977
19 Curlew Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.03 1977
20 Defence Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 10.49 1977
21 Dot Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.13 1977
22 Dottrell Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.13 1977
23 Duncan Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.73 1977
24 East Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 6.11 1977
25 East Of Inglis Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 3.55 1977
26 Egg Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.05 1977
27 Elat Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 9.36 1977
28 Entrance Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.96 1977
29 Galathea Andaman & Nicobar National Park 110 1992
30 Gander Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.05 1977
31 Girjan Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.16 1977
32 Goose Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.01 1977
33 Hump Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.47 1977
34 Interview Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 133.87 1977
35 James Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 2.1 1977
36 Jungle Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.52 1977
37 Kyd Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 8 1977
38 Landfall Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 29.48 1977
39 Latouche Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.96 1977
40 Lohabarrack Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 22.21 1977
41 Mahatma Gandhi Marine Andaman & Nicobar National Park 281.5 1983
42 Mangrove Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.39 1977
43 Mask Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.78 1977
44 Mayo Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.1 1977
45 Megapode Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.12 1977
46 Middle Button Island Andaman & Nicobar National Park 0.44 1987
47 Montogemery Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.21 1977
48 Mount Harriett Andaman & Nicobar National Park 46.62 1987
49 Narcondam Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 6.81 1977
50 North Brother Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.75 1977
51 North Button Island Andaman & Nicobar National Park 0.44 1987
52 North Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.49 1977
53 North Reef Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 3.48 1977
54 Oliver Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.16 1977
55 Orchid Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.1 1977
56 Ox Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.13 1977
57 Oyster Island-I Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.08 1977
58 Oyster Island-II Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.21 1977
59 Paget Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 7.36 1977
60 Parkinson Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.34 1977
61 Passage Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.62 1977
62 Patric Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.13 1977
63 Peacock Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.62 1977
64 Pitman Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 1.37 1977
65 Point Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 3.07 1977
66 Potanma Islands Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.16 1977
67 Ranger Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 4.26 1977
68 Rani Jhansi Andaman & Nicobar National Park 256.14 1996
69 Reef Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 1.74 1977
70 Roper Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 1.46 1977
71 Ross Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 1.01 1977
72 Rowe Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.01 1977
73 Saddle Peak Andaman & Nicobar National Park 32.54 1987
74 Sandy Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 1.58 1977
75 Sea Serpent Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.78 1977
76 Shark Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.6 1977
77 Shearme Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 7.85 1977
78 Sir Hugh Rose Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 1.06 1977
79 Sisters Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.36 1977
80 Snake Island-I Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.73 1977
81 Snake Island-II Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.03 1977
82 South Brother Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 1.24 1977
83 South Button Island Andaman & Nicobar National Park 0.03 1987
84 South Reef Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 1.17 1977
85 South Sentinel Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 1.61 1977
86 Spike Island-I Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.42 1977
87 Spike Island-II Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 11.7 1977
88 Stoat Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.44 1977
89 Surat Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.31 1977
90 Swamp Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 4.09 1977
91 Table (Delgarno) Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 2.29 1977
92 Table (Excelsior) Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 1.69 1977
93 Talabaicha Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 3.21 1977
94 Temple Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 1.04 1977
95 Tillongchang Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 36.43 1977
96 Tree Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.03 1977
97 Trilby Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.96 1977
98 Tuft Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.29 1977
99 Turtle Islands Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.39 1977
100 Kwangtung Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.57 1987
101 West Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 6.4 1977
102 Wharf Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.11 1977
103 White Cliff Island Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 0.47 1977
104 Galathea Bay Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 11.44 1997
105 Cuthbert Bay Andaman & Nicobar Sanctuary 5.82 1997
106 Pitti Lakshadweep Sanctuary 0.01 2002

Citation: Saravanan, K. R., K. Sivakumar and B.C. Choudhury, 2011. Status of Marine and Coastal environments and developing a Marine Protected Area Network in India. Wildlife Insitute of India. Dehradun. Pp 334.

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