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List of Important Coastal and Marine Biodiversity Areas (ICMBAs) in India

List of Important Coastal and Marine Biodiversity Areas (ICMBAs) in India. Total number of Important Coastal and Marine Biodiversity Areas (ICMBAs) in India is 107 in India.
India has taken several steps to achieve the National Biodiversity Target no 6 and Aichi Biodiversity Target no 11 which aim to conserve a substantial portion of the coastal and marine areas in the country and world respectively. 
India is one among 17 mega-biodiversity countries and 25 biodiversity hotspots of the richest and highly endangered eco-regions of the world.
Among the Asian countries, India is perhaps the only one that has a long record of inventorying coastal and marine biodiversity, going back at least two centuries. Name of Site, Location, total area and category is given below……

Important Coastal and Marine Biodiversity Areas (ICMBAs) in India

India has taken several steps to achieve the National Biodiversity Target no 6 and Aichi Biodiversity Target no 11 which aim to conserve a substantial portion of the coastal and marine areas in the country and world respectively. Towards achieving these two targets, 106 coastal and marine sites have been identified and prioritized as Important Coastal and Marine Areas (ICMBAs) by the Wildlife Institute of India. Sixty-two ICMBAs have been identified along the west coast of India, and 44 have been identified along the east coast. Of these, 22 ICMBAs have been prioritized for immediate conservation actions and proposed to be upgraded as Protected Areas under categories such as Conservation or Communities Reserve to increase participation of the local communities in governance.

Oceans and major seas cover 70.8% or 362 million km of the Earth, with a global coastline of 1.6 million km. Coastal and marine ecosystems are found in 123 countries around the world. Marine ecosystems are strongly connected through a network of surface and deep-water currents, and they are among the most productive ecosystems in the world. Coastal and marine ecosystems include sand dune areas, where freshwater and seawater mix, near-shore coastal areas and open-ocean marine areas. Marine systems extend from the low-water mark, i.e. 50 m depth, to the high seas, and coastal systems stretch from the coastline to depths less than 50 m. The Indian Ocean accounts for 29% of the global ocean area, 13% of the marine organic carbon synthesis, 10% of the capture fisheries, 90% of the culture fisheries, 30% of the coral reefs and 10% of the mangroves and has 246 estuaries draining a hinterland greater than 2000 km2 , besides coastal lagoons and backwaters. Being limited by land in the north, and with the largest portion of it lying in the tropics, the Indian Ocean is a region of high biodiversity, with one of the countries in the region, India, rated as being one of the mega-biodiversity centers of the world. In the current context of international trade and intellectual property regimes, it is important for all of the Indian Ocean countries to understand their marine biodiversity. India is one among 17 mega-biodiversity countries and 25 biodiversity hotspots of the richest and highly endangered eco-regions of the world. In terms of the marine environment, India has a coastline of about 8000 km. The exclusive economic zone (EEZ) of the country has an area of 2.02 million km2, comprising 0.86 million km2 on the west coast, 0.56 million km2 on the east coast and 0.6 million km2 around the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Adjoining the continental regions and the offshore islands are a wide range of coastal ecosystems such as estuaries, lagoons, mangroves, backwaters, salt marshes, rocky coasts, sandy stretches and coral reefs, which are characterized by unique biotic and abiotic properties and processes.

The dissimilarities between the west and east coasts of India are remarkable. The west coast is generally exposed, with heavy surf and rocky shores and headlands, whereas the east coast is generally shelving, with beaches, lagoons, deltas and marshes. The west coast is a region of intense upwelling, associated with the southwest monsoon (May– September), whereas the east coast experiences only a weak upwelling, associated with the northeast monsoon (October–January), resulting in marked differences in hydrographic regimes, productivity patterns and qualitative and quantitative composition of fisheries. All the islands on the east coast are continental islands, whereas the major island formations in the west coast are oceanic atolls.

Among the Asian countries, India is perhaps the only one that has a long record of inventorying coastal and marine biodiversity, going back at least two centuries. However, there is so much diversity in space, time and taxonomical diversity that it is almost impossible to review all the records and reports. The synthesis of what is known about the coastal and marine biodiversity of India that is attempted in this overview relies mainly on systematic accounts, records and reports of two major institutions concerned with surveying and inventorying fauna and flora—the Zoological Survey of India and the Botanical Survey of India—as well as other research organizations such as the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute and the National Institute of Oceanography.

Other Protected areas in India (Click for the details)

List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India

List of Biosphere reserves in India

List of Tiger Reserves in India

List of Elephant Reserves in India

List of Ramsar Wetland Sites in India

List of Marine Protected areas in India

State wise list of Indian National Parks – updated

State wise list of Community Reserves of Indian – updated

State wise list of Conservation Reserves of India – updated

State wise list of Wildlife Sanctuaries of India – updated 

Name of Site, Location, total area and category is as follows……

Sl. No. State District Site Coordi

North

–  nates

East

 

Area (In Km2)

1 Gujarat

(14)

Kachchh Koteshwar 23o40.363 68o33.614 146
2 Kachchh Jacau 23o14.245 68 o 36.602 403
3 Kachchh Gasabara 22o57.305 69 o 00.121 19
4 Porbandar Porbandar 21o39.150 69 o 36.629 261
5 Porbandar Madhavpur 21o15.717 69 o 57.057 19.6
6 Diu-Daman Diu 20o23.034 70 o 57.613 179
7 Junagadh Gopnath 21o26.090 72 o 06.531 87
8 Bhavnagar Bhavnagar 21o45.678 72 o 11.502 816
9 Anand Wadgham 22o16.414 72 o 27.661 927
10 Surat Aliabet 21o38.294 72 o 42.909 647
11 Surat Purna 20o56.254 72 o 48.201 147
12 Valsad Ambika 20o45.348 72 o 51.202 105
13 Valsad Damnganga 20o24.654 72 o 51.019 9
14 Valsad Umergaon 20o12.265 72 o 44.976 22.5
15 Maharashtra

(16)

Thane Vaiterna creek 19o31.623 72 o 51.116 132.4
16 Thane Bassien/

Vasai creek

19o19.111 72 o 51.203 150
17 Thane Thane creek 19o09.256 72 o 58.671 152
18 Raigad Dharamtar 18o41.865 73 o 01.625 340
19 Raigad Kundalika 18o32.690 72 o 55.915 98
20 Raigad Murud-Janjira/Mhasala 18o18.366 72 o 57.990 141.7
21 Raigad Shrivardhan 18o02.102 73 o 01.037 9.6
22 Ratnagiri Harihareshwar-Savitri 17o59.455 73 o 01.136 21.77
23 Ratnagiri Dabhol/Vasishti 17o34.799 73 o 10.910 23
24 Ratnagiri Jaigad 17o17.545 73 o 13.402 40.75
25 Ratnagiri Purnagad 16o48.503 73 o 19.349 9.4
26 Ratnagiri Vijaya-durgh 16o33.592 73 o 20.116 48.45
27 Sindhudurg Devgad 16o22.475 73 o 22.278 14.4
28 Sindhudurg Angria Bank 16o21.323 72 o 08.083 400
29 Sindhudurg Achra-Malvan 16o12.326 73 o 26.518 62.74
30 Sindhudurg Terekhol 15o43.411 73 o 41.306 7.5
31 Goa

(3)

North Goa Morjim-Anjuna 15o37.019 73 o 44.007 11
32 North Goa Zuari-Mandovi estuary 15o27.989 73 o 48.297 84.5
33 South Goa Galgibagh 14o57.877 74 o 03.201 3.5
34 Karnataka

(10)

Uttara Kannada Kali estuary 14o51.206 74 o 06.712 25.3
35 Uttara Kannada Gokarna/

Tadri

14 o 50.521 74 o 08.503 46
36 Uttara Kannada Sharavati/

Hanovar

14 o 16.581 74 o 27.958 13.6
37 Uttara Kannada Murudeshwar 14 o05.709 74 o 29.149 30
38 Udupi Netrani Island 14 o 01.048 74 o 19.559 5
39 Udupi Kundapur/Haladi 13 o 38.865 74 o 42.317 16.7
40 Udupi Kodibengre/swarna-sita 13 o 23.334 74 o 44.704 15
41 Udupi Malpe 13 o 21.624 74 o 41.874 38
42 Dakshin Kannada Mulki-Pavanje 13 o 05.835 74 o 47.267 3.5
43 Dakshin Kannada Gurpur-

Netravati

12 o 51.254 74 o 50.058 13.8
44 Kerala

(18)

Kasargod Kumbala estuary 12 o 35.876 74 o 56.457 4.7
45

 

Kasargod Mongrol 12 o 32.945 74 o 57.304 4.5
46 Kasargod Kasargod/

Chandragiri

12 o 29.244 74 o 59.372 8
47 Kasargod Edayilakadu 12 o 08.144 75 o 09.391 38
48 Kannur Azhikkal 11 o 56.199 75 o 28.277 25
49 Kannur Kadakavu/Dharmadom 11 o 46.835 75 o 27.649 9.5
50 Kozhikode Kolavipalem 11 o 33.812 75 o 35.481 4.5
51 Kozhikode Beypore 11 o 09.713 75 o 48.065 8
52 Malapuram Kadalundi 11 o 07.592 75 o 49.951 4
53 Thrissur Edakazhiyur beach 10 o 36.580 75 o 59.435 3.2
54 Thrissur Kole wetlands 10 o 32.527 76 o 06.449 175
55 Ernakulam Vypin-Fort Kochi 09 o 58.381 76 o 14.394 110
56 Alapuzha Kumbalanghi 09 o 51.502 76 o 16.795 59.5
57 Alapuzha-Kotaya Vembanad/kumarakom 09 o 37.882 76 o 25.125 230
58 Alapuzha Kayamkulam/ayiram 09 o 07.496 76 o 28.756 21
59 Kollam Ashtamudi 08 o 56.306 76 o 32.384 75
60 Tiruvanandapuram Paravur kayal 08 o 48.762 76 o 38.924 12
61 Tiruvanandapuram Kadinamkulam 08 o 38.150 76 o 47.722 9.5
62 West Bengal

(3)

24 Pragnas Jambudweep 21 o 35.126 88 o 11.152 5.12
63 Midnapur Jambuchar 21 o 59.976 88 o 07.025 130
64 Midnapur Junput 21 o 45.596 87 o 51.816 57.6
65 Orissa

(12)

Balasore Talseri- Udaipur 21 o 36.340 87 o 28.842 3.5
66 Balasore Subarnarekha 21 o 33.720 87 o 24.281 38
67 Balasore Chandipur 21 o 27.071 87 o 02.413 81.56
68 Bhadrak Dhamra/karanjmal 20 o 51.152 86 o 56.835 90
69 Kendrapara Bhopal 20 o 29.600 86 o 44.584 30
70 Kendrapara Jambudweep 20 o 24.075 86 o 43.260 95
71 Jagatsinghpur Paradip 20 o 15.530 86 o 40.736 260
72 Puri Devi 19 o 58.810 86 o 19.528 88.38
73 Puri Chilika/Nalabana isle 19 o 41.336 85 o 17.659 1095
74 Ganjam Rushikulya 19 o 22.799 85 o 04.355 18.85
75 Ganjam Gopalpur 19 o 15.426 84 o 58.326 5.4
76 Ganjam Bahuda swamp 19 o 13.720 84 o 50.458 18.55
77 Andhra Pradesh

(17)

Srikakulam Sunapur/ Nilarevu/ Ichchap 19 o 05.342 84 o 44.235 34.54
78 Srikakulam Nuvularevu 18 o 40.754 84 o 26.460 10.32
79 Srikakulam Naupada 18 o 33.740 84 o 20.875 28.98
80 Srikakulam Kalingapatnam 18 o 20.535 84 o 07.449 10
81 Vishakapatnam Gangavaram 17 o 38.770 83 o 11.945 3
82 Vishakapatnam Pudimadka 17 o 28.531 82 o 59.599 2
83 Vishakapatnam Bangarampalem 17 o 25.186 82 o 51.718 4.2
84 Puducherry Yenam 16 o 43.513 82 o 12.565 8.4
85 East Godavari Vashisti/Kothapalem 16 o 35.605 82 o 17.885 148
86 Krishna Bantumeli 16 o 20.628 81 o 20.410 28.44
87 Krishna Machilipatnam 16 o 07.919 81 o 10.827 26.38
88 Krishna Hamasaladevi 15 o 58.627 81 o 06.035 42
89 Guntur Nizamapatnam 15 o 53.711 80 o 38.584 45.64
90 Guntur Chinna Ganjam 15 o 40.120 80 o 15.331 14.85
91 Prakasam Pennar 14 o 34.881 80 o 10.155 23.5
92 Nellore Krishnapatnam 14 o 15.341 80 o 75.182 48.6
93 Nellore Pulicat 13 o 34.080 80 o 08.454 383
94 Tamil Nadu & Puducherry

(14)

Thiruvallur Pulicat 13 o 26.311 80 o 19.516 82.4
95 Kanchipuram Muttukad/Kovalam 12 o 48.343 80 o 14.576 32.42
96 Villupuram Kaliveli 12 o 14.115 79 o 58.326 101.4
97 Puducherry Ariyankuppam 11 o 54.308 79 o 49.553 4
98 Cuddalore Cuddalore 11 o 41.490 79 o 46.215 9.567
99 Cuddalore Vellar 11 o 30.103 79 o 46.332 8.2
100 Cuddalore Pichavaram 11 o 25.835 79 o 47.601 20
101 Cuddalore Pazhayaar 11 o 21.220 79 o 49.531 10.5
102 Nagapatnam Talaingnayar 10 o 31.060 79 o 43.634 37
103 Nagapatnam Vedaranyam swamp 10 o 18.993 79 o 44.737 210
104 Thiruvarur Muthupet 10 o 20.301 79 o 32.417 70
105 Thanjavur Adiramapatnam 10 o 18.260 79 o 22.364 32.25
106 Pudukotai-Ramnad Palk Bay 09 o 38.813 78 o 56.373 725
107 Kanyakumari Manakudy 08 o 06.129 77 o 29.019 4.41

Source – Wildlife Institute of India

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