Breaking News
Home » Environmental science » Environmental Education and Policy » Khangchendzonga National Park complete detail – updated

Khangchendzonga National Park complete detail – updated

Khangchendzonga National Park complete detail – updated. Geography of Khangchendzonga National Park. Dominant flora and fauna of Khangchendzonga National Park. How to Reach Khangchendzonga National Park. 
Total area of the park is 1784.00 Km2. It was declared as a National Park in the year of 1977. The park gets its name from the third highest mountain in the world, Kanchenjunga or Khangchendzonga (which means The Abode of the Gods) which forms an impressive background in the park at an imposing 8,586 meters in height. 
The park is home to Himalayan Tahr, Snow leopard, musk deer, Himalayan black bear, Tibetan antelope, wild ass, barking deer, flying squirrel and the red panda. There are more than 550 species of birds that are found in Khangchendzonga National Park such as Satyr tragopan, Osprey, Himalayan griffon, Lammergeier, Blood Pheasants, Tibetan snow cock, Snow pigeon, Sunbirds, Impeyan phesants, green pigeon,  tragopan pheasant, Asian emerald cookoo and eagles…………
National park is an area which is strictly reserved for the betterment of the wildlife & biodiversity, and where activities like developmental, forestry, poaching, hunting and grazing on cultivation are not permitted. Their boundaries are well marked and circumscribed.

302300

Khangchendzonga National Park

Khangchendzonga National Park is a beautiful place, located in the North Sikkim district of the state of Sikkim. Khangchendzonga National Park is also known as Kanchenjunga National Park.

It was declared as a National Park in the year of 1977. Total area of the park is 1784.00 Km2. The Khangchendzonga National Park is a part of Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve.

The park gets its name from the third highest mountain in the world, Kanchenjunga or Khangchendzonga (which means The Abode of the Gods) which forms an impressive background in the park at an imposing 8,586 meters in height.

Click here to view state wise list of Indian national parks – updated

The park is a spectacular wilderness, with snowy peaks towering above some fine forests that remain virtually undisturbed. The Park must rank as one of the most important protected areas in the entire Himalayas.

Khangchendzonga is considered to be the finest example of an independent mountain having its own glacial system radiating from its several summits.

The glaciers & crests on the northern portion comprise of Nepal, Talung, Tent Mountain & the Zemo & Simyo glaciers & additional peaks such as Pandim, Narshing, Siniolchu and so on in further directions.

Many nature & escapade lovers are attracted towards the park because of its permanent territory of mountains, green jungles, blossoming meadows & watercourse in its primeval wilderness.

The flourishing vegetation comprises Temperate wide leaved jungles subjugated by oaks, diverse Coniferous jungles comprising fir, birch, maple, willow and so on & alpine grasses & shrubs at upper heights together with several medicinal plants & aromatic plant.

The park is home to Himalayan Tahr, Snow leopard, musk deer, Himalayan black bear, Tibetan antelope, wild ass, barking deer, flying squirrel and the red panda. There are more than 550 species of birds that are found in Khangchendzonga National Park such as Satyr Tragopan, Osprey, Himalayan griffon, Lammergeier, Blood Pheasants, Tibetan snow cock, Snow pigeon, Sunbirds, Impeyan phesants, green pigeon,  tragopan pheasant, Asian emerald cookoo and eagles.

The park with its continuous tract of mountains, green forests, flowering meadows and streams in its primitive wilderness attract many nature and adventure lovers.

Lot of trekking routes are present inside the park of which most routes starts from Yuksom (145 KMs from Gangtok). One can also come across Lepcha tribal settlements within the park.

307265

History

Mount Khangchendzonga is well thought-out Sikkim’s protector divinity & Buddhists specially admire it.  In the home tongue, Khangchendzonga meaning is “5 reserves of snow”.  Home Buddhist celebrity proposes that Khangchendzonga clandestinely holds holy texts & relics.

It was declared as a National Park in the year of 1977. Initially the area of the National Park declared was 850 Km2, but was subsequently extended to 1784 Km2 in May 1997 by including more potential areas.

The park gets its name from the third highest mountain in the world, Kanchenjunga or Khangchendzonga (which means The Abode of the Gods) which forms an impressive background in the park at an imposing 8,586 meters in height.

Geography

Khangchendzonga National Park is located in the North Sikkim district of the state of Sikkim. The Khangchendzonga National Park is a part of Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve.

The park itself is on a high altitude at 1829 meters with as many as 18 glaciers like the Zemu Glacier dotting its landscape.

The area of the park starts from the cold deserts of the Lhonak Valley and the Lachen ridges to Yuksom. The park is a cold wilderness on one of the highest peaks on the planet within a spectacular mountain range. Khangchendzonga is an independent mountain with its own glaciers and glacial system—a unique feature in itself.

It lies entirely along the Sikkim-Nepal border and includes the Khangchendzonga Range from the South Lhonak Glacier in trans-Himalayan Sikkim down to Barsey Rhododendron Sanctuary in the South Sikkim.

The area is a spectacular wilderness, with snowy peaks towering above some fine forests that remain virtually undisturbed. The Park must rank as one of the most important protected areas in the entire Himalayas.

The park extends from Temperate to Alpine zone. Its diverse tropical mixed broad-leaved forest, sub-alpine conifer and rhododendron forests, alpine meadow, streams, glaciers, lakes and some of the gorgeous peaks of Himalayas mark the landscape of Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve.

305303 

The uniqueness of this park lies in the fact that each of the altitudinal zones offers characteristic vegetation and live forms of its own. It has more than 550 species and subspecies of birds, which is nearly 30% of the entire bird families found in the entire sub-continent.

The elevation of the park varies from 1829 m to 8586 m. Regions of Sikkim that comes under its territory include Yuksom, Gurudongma, Muguthang, Lachen, Thangu, Chopta valley, upper ridges of Dzongu and Green Lake.

Dominant flora

Oak, Willow, Birch, Fir, Maple, Alpine grasses, Shrubs etc. Many species of medicinal plants and herbs are also found in the park.

Dominant fauna

MammalsMusk deer, Clouded leopard, Snow leopard, Wild dog, Himalayan Tahr, Sloth bear, Himalayan black bear, Red panda, Civet, Tibetan wild ass, Blue sheep, serow, Goral, Takin etc.

BirdsBlood Pheasants, Himalayan griffon, Tragopan pheasant, Green pigeon, Tibetan snow cock, Snow pigeon, Impeyan phesants, Asian emerald cookoo, Sunbirds etc.

Other Attractions

Trekking
Lodging
The peak of Khangchendzonga
The majestic glacier Zemu

Best time to visit

The best time of the year to visit the Khangchendzonga National Park is between the months of March to May and September to Mid-December.

How to Reach

By AirNearest airport is Bagdogra airport, about 222 Km from the Khangchendzonga National Park. Bagdogra airport is well connected by road network to Khangchendzonga National Park.

By Rail Nearest railway station is Jalpaiguri railway station, about 221 Km from the Khangchendzonga National Park. Jalpaiguri railway station is well connected by road network to Khangchendzonga National Park.

By Road Khangchendzonga National Park is well connected to Major Cities and Places by road network. There are a number of government and privately operated vehicles that go to Khangchendzonga National Park.  The nearest highway is the NH 31A via Sevlok-Gangtok.

283252

Distance from Nearby and Major Cities

Chennai – about 1810 Km

Delhi – about 1085 Km

Mumbai – about 1820 Km

Kolkata – about 560 Km

Ahmedabad – about 1651 Km

Bengaluru – about 1963 Km

Chandigarh – about 1161 Km

Hyderabad – about 1509 Km

Indore – about 1350 Km

Accommodations

Accommodation is available at the Range Office. There are about four Forest rest houses at the Range office which provide comfortable accommodation facilities to its visitors.

Useful Contact

Assistant Wildlife officer, Khangchendzonga National Park Forest Department, Deorali, Sikkim 737102

Department of Tourism & nbsp; Govt. of Sikkim & nbsp; Gangtok Bazar,& nbsp; Phone: 22097, 22064

Sikkim Tourist Office, Hill Cart Road, Siliguri, Phone: 24602

Sikkim Tourist Information Centre, Poonam building & nbsp; 5 / 2 Russell Street, Calcutta 700 071, & nbsp; Phone: 297516, 298983.

Forest Rest House

Forests, Environment and Wildlife Management Department, Government of Sikkim
Forest Secretariat, Deorali, Gangtok Ph-03592-281261

PCCF-cum-Principal Secretary, Forests, Environment & Wildlife, Management Department, Government of Sikkim – 03592 – 281261 (O), 03592 – 281778 (Fax), email – pccf-fewd@sikkim.gov.in

Chief Wildlife Warden, (CWLW) Forests, Environment & Wildlife Management Department, Government of Sikkim – 03592-280572(O), 03592-281778 (Fax)

Official emailknp1977s@gmail.com

About Vijay Choudhary

Check Also

Mukundra Hills (Darrah) National Park – complete detail – updated

Mukundra Hills (Darrah) National Park – complete detail – updated. Dominant flora and fauna of …

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.