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Kaziranga National Park – complete detail – updated

Kaziranga National Park – complete detail – updated. Dominant flora and fauna of Kaziranga National Park. Geography of Kaziranga National Park. How to reach Kaziranga National Park. In 1974 the Assam government declared Kaziranga as a National park by passing the Assam National Park Act of 1968.
Kaziranga National Park was declared as a World Heritage Site (for its unique natural environment) by UNESCO in the year 1985. In 2006 it was declared a tiger reserve. Park covers a vast area of 858.98 km2. The Kaziranga Game Sanctuary was renamed the “Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary” in 1950 by…………
According to one legend, a girl named Ranga, from a nearby village, and a youth named Kazi, from Karbi Anglong, fell in love. This match was not acceptable to their families, and the couple disappeared into the forest, never to be seen again, and the forest was named (Kaziranga) after them.
National park is an area which is strictly reserved for the betterment of the wildlife & biodiversity, and where activities like developmental, forestry, poaching, hunting and grazing on cultivation are not permitted. Their boundaries are well marked and circumscribed.

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Kaziranga National Park

Kaziranga National Park is one of the prides of India, located in the Golaghat and Nagaon districts of the state of Assam.

Kaziranga National Park is home to around two-third of world’s great one-horned Indian rhinos. According to the latest census held in March 2015, the current rhino population in Kaziranga National Park is about 2401, as published by the Forest Department under the Government of Assam.

Kaziranga National Park was declared as a World Heritage Site (for its unique natural environment) by UNESCO in the year 1985. In 2006 it was declared a tiger reserve.

Click here to view state wise list of Indian national parks – updated

Kaziranga National Park is located on the edge of the Eastern Himalayan biodiversity hotspot and this could be the perfect reason to envision high degrees of diversified species with great visibility.

The park is home to large breeding populations of elephants, wild water buffalo, and swamp deer. Kaziranga is recognized as an ‘Important Bird Area’ by Birdlife International for the conservation of avifaunal species.

Kaziranga National Park is one of the most beautiful parks in the world and is renowned for the sheer numbers and easy sightings of the Great Indian Rhinoceros.

Kaziranga protected area was established in 1904 following the efforts of Lady Curzon, the wife of Lord Curzon, the then Viceroy of India under the British Raj. When the Lady failed to see a single Rhinoceros upon her visit, she persuaded the Viceroy to facilitate the protection of the forests and the wildlife.

In 1908 it became a reserved forest. In 1916, it was re-designated the “Kaziranga Game Sanctuary” and remained so till 1938, when hunting was prohibited and visitors were permitted to enter the park.

The Kaziranga Game Sanctuary was renamed the “Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary” in 1950 by P. D. Stracey, the forest conservationist, in order to rid the name of hunting connotations. In 1974 the Assam government declared Kaziranga as a National park by passing the Assam National Park Act of 1968.

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According to one legend, a girl named Ranga, from a nearby village, and a youth named Kazi, from Karbi Anglong, fell in love. This match was not acceptable to their families, and the couple disappeared into the forest, never to be seen again, and the forest was named (Kaziranga) after them.

Some historians believe, however, that the name Kaziranga was derived from the Karbi word Kajir-a-rang, which means “the village of Kajir” (kajiror gaon).

Geography

Kaziranga National Park is located on the edge of the Eastern Himalayan biodiversity hotspot. The Park lies at the edge of eastern Himalayas, with the mighty Brahmaputra flowing in its vicinity. Spread over the Golaghat and Nagaon districts of Assam, the Kaziranga National Park covers a vast area of 858.98 km2.

The park is located in the Indomalaya ecozone, and the dominant biomass of the region are Brahmaputra valley semi-evergreen forest of the tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forest biome and a frequently flooded variant of the Terai-Duar savanna and grassland of the tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrub-lands biome.

Latitudes – 26°30′ N to 26°45′ N

Longitudes – 93°08′ E to 93°36′ E

There is a difference in altitude between the eastern and western areas of the park, with the western side being at a lower altitude. The western reaches of the park are dominated by grasslands. Tall elephant grass is found on higher ground, while short grasses cover the lower grounds surrounding the beels or flood-created ponds.

The park lies in the flood plains of Brahmaputra River and so every year the region is completely drenched with high water level. Brahmaputra River forms the northern and eastern boundaries. Other notable rivers within the park are the Diphlu and Mora Dhansiri.

The land of Kaziranga is made fertile with the alluvial soil formed by the erosion and the silt deposition of Brahmaputra River to make it more eligible for agriculture at the outskirts of the park area.

The park is approximately 40 km in length from east to west, and 13 km in breadth from north to south. Four main types of vegetation exist in this park. These are alluvial inundated grasslands, alluvial savanna woodlands, tropical moist mixed deciduous forest, and tropical semi evergreen forest.

There are many different aquatic floras in the lakes and ponds, and along the river shores. The invasive water hyacinth is very common, often choking the water bodies, but it is cleared during destructive floods.

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Seasons

Winter – October to February

Summer – March to May

Monsoon –June to September

Temperature:       Maximum – 44o C

                             Minimum – 5o C

Dominant flora

Aphanamixis polystachya, Talauma hodgsonii, Dillenia indica, Garcinia tinctoria, Ficus rumphii, Cinnamomum bejolghota, Albizia procera, Duabanga grandiflora, Lagerstroemia speciosa, Crateva unilocularis, Sterculia urens, Grewia serrulata, Mallotus philippensis, Bridelia retusa, Aphania rubra, Leea indica, and Leea umbraculifera.

Dominant Grasses – Elephant grass, Spear grass, Common red grass etc.

Dominant fauna

Mammals –  One-Horned Indian Rhinoceros, Wild Asian Water Buffalo, Indian Elephant, Royal Bengal Tiger, Indian Wild Boar, Eastern Mole, Indian Pangolin, Indian Gaur, Swamp Deer, Sambar, Barking Deer, Hog Deer, Capped Langur or Leaf Monkey, Rhesus Macaque, Assamese Macaque, Indian leopard, Sloth Bear, Indian Porcupine, Fishing Cat, Jungle Cat, Large Indian Civet, Small Indian Civet, Indian Gray Mongoose, Small Indian Mongoose, Bengal Fox, Golden Jackal, Ganges and Indus River Dolphin, Orange-bellied Himalayan Squirrel, Asiatic Black Bear, Bat, Black Langur, Indian Gazelle etc.

Birds Eastern Imperial Eagle, Bengal Florican, Greater Spotted Eagle, White-tailed Fishing Eagle, Pallas’s Fish Eagle, Grey-headed Fish Eagle, Baya Weaver, the Lesser Kestrel, Swamp Francolin, Slender-billed Vulture, Slender-billed Vulture, Eastern Imperial Eagle, Greater Spotted Eagle, Wreathed Hornbill, White-tailed Fishing Eagle etc.

Reptiles Gharial, Turtles, Water Monitors, Bengal Monitors, Assam Garden Lizards, Common Indian Skink, Black Krait, Bengal Cobra, King Cobra, Reticulated Python, Russell’s Viper, Rat Snake, Long nosed-vine snake, Kukri Snake, Crocodile etc.

Major attractions at Kaziranga

Kaziranga National Park is home to around two-third of world’s great one-horned Indian rhinos. Kaziranga National Park is located on the edge of the Eastern Himalayan biodiversity hotspot and this could be the perfect reason to envision high degrees of diversified species with great visibility.

Kaziranga contains significant breeding populations of many mammalian species, of which 15 are threatened as per the IUCN Red List.

The park is home to large breeding populations of elephants, wild water buffalo, and swamp deer. Kaziranga is recognized as an ‘Important Bird Area’ by Birdlife International for the conservation of avifaunal species.

Different inhabiting and migrating birds of dwindling species are also seen here. The Birdlife International has declared it as an Important Bird Area. The park includes small water-bodies and is an expanse of marshland, tall elephant grass and tropical moist broad-leaf forests that are intersected by four rivers, including the Brahmaputra.

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Best Time to Visit

The best time to visit Kaziranga National Park is between October to February. The winters at Kaziranga National Park is enchanting with the best views of the fauna and flora that the park houses. The park is completely closed during June to September.

State wise list of Wildlife Sanctuaries of India – updated 

Safari Timings and Charges

Jeep Safari

Jeep Safari is available from 1st November to 30th April and could be possible subject to weather and road condition on the months of May & October.

Timing

Morning – 7.30 AM to 11.00 AM

Evening – 2.00 PM to 4.30 PM

Safari fee

Burapahar Range, Ghorakati – Rs. 2000/-

Eastern Range, Agaratoli – Rs. 1500/-

Kazirana Range, Kohora – Rs. 1100/-

Western Range, Bagori – Rs. 1200/-

View Fee (Per person) – Indian – Rs.20/-, Foreigner – Rs.250/-

Vehicle Charges (Light Vehicle) – Indian – Rs.150/- Foreigner – Rs.150/-

Toll for Road Indian – Rs.300/- Foreigner – Rs.300/-

Elephant Safari

Elephant rides are available from 1st November to 30th April and could be possible subject to weather and road condition on the months of May & October.

Timing

Burapahar Range, Ghorakati – Morning 5.30 AM to 7.30 AM and Evening 3.00 PM to 4.00 PM

Eastern Range, Agaratoli – Morning 5.30 AM to 7.30 AM and Evening 3.00 PM to 4.00 PM

Kazirana Range, Kohora – Morning 5.30 AM to 7.30 AM and Evening 3.00 PM to 4.00 PM

Western Range, Bagori – Morning 5.30 AM to 7.30 AM and Evening 3.00 PM to 4.00 PM

Safari Fee

Indian – Adult – Rs.280/-, Foreigner – Adult – Rs.750/-

Camera charges – (For Nature Photographer)

Still Camera/Camera – Indian – Rs.50/-, Foreigner – Rs.500/-

Movie camera/Video Camera – Indian – Rs.500/-, Foreigner – Rs.1000/-

Camera charges – (For Professional Photographer)

Still Camera – Indian – Rs.250/-, Foreigner – Rs.1000/-

Movie camera/Video Camera – Indian – Rs.2500/-, Foreigner – Rs.10000/-

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How to Reach Kaziranga National Park

By Rir – Nearest airport is Jorhat airport located About 97 Km from the Kaziranga National Park. Guwahati being located at about 217 km from the park. These airports are well connected by road to Kaziranga National Park.

By Rail – The nearest railway station is Furkating railway station located About 75 Km from the Kaziranga National Park. Trains to Furkating are available via Guwahati which is well connected with the rest of India by rail. Furkating railway station is well connected by road to Kaziranga National Park.

By Road – Kaziranga National Park is well connected to Major Cities and Places by road network. There are a number of government and privately operated vehicles that go to Kaziranga National Park at frequent intervals.

Distance from Major Cities

Guwahati – About 194 kilometers
Jorhat – About 112 kilometers
Tezpur – About 51 kilometers
Shillong – About 254 kilometers
Kolkata – About 1127 kilometers
Lucknow – About 1460 kilometers
Delhi – About 2095 kilometers
Jaipur – About 2119 kilometers
Hyderabad – About 2065 kilometers
Bangalore – About 2982 kilometers
Chennai – About 2777 kilometers
Mumbai – About 2766 kilometers
Chandigarh – About 2138 kilometers
Allahabad – About 1400 kilometers
Ahmedabad – About 2678 kilometers

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Important contacts –

Shri V.K Vishnoi, IFS
Principal Chief Conservator of Forests & Head of Forest Force

Shri S. Chand, IFS
Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (Wildlife) & Chief Wildlife Warden, Assam

Shri D. M Singh, IFS
Chief Conservator of Forests (Wildlife)

Shri S. Dutta, IFS
Director, Kaziranga National Park & Field Director, Kaziranga Tiger Reserve
Bokakhat – 785 612
District: Golaghat
Assam, India

Telephone: +91-3776-268095
Fax: +91-3776-268095
Email: dir.kaziranganp@gmail.com

Shri D. D. Gogoi, AFS
Divisional Forest Officer, Eastern Assam Wildlife Division & Deputy Director, Kaziranga Tiger Reserve
Bokakhat – 785 612
District: Golaghat
Assam, India
+91 94351 46463

Telephone: +91-3776- 268007
Email: dir.kaziranganp@gmail.com

Shri L. N. Baruah, AFS
Assistant Conservator of Forests, Eastern Assam wildlife Division

Md. Faridullah Ali, AFS
Assistant Conservator of Forests, Eastern Assam wildlife Division

Md. Atikur Rahman, AFS
Range Officer, Kaziranga Range, Kohora,
+91 94351 02254

Shri Bhadra Kakoti, AFS
Range Officer, Northern Range

Shri Deben Kalita, AFS
Range Officer, Western Range, Bagori,
+91 98641 17949

Md. Ikramul Majid, AFS
Range Officer, Burapahar Range
+91 94351 93602

Shri K. K. Deori, AFS
Range Officer, Eastern Range, Agaratoli

Directorate of Tourism, Govt. of Assam
Station Road, Guwahati 781001
Assam, India
Phone: +91-361- 2547102 / 2542748
Fax: +91-361-2542748
Email: info@assamtourism.org

Dy. Director of Tourism
Tourist Information Centre, Govt. of Assam
B-1 Baba Kharak Singh Marg, Emporia Complex
New Delhi – 110 001
Phone:+91-11-23345897

Officer-in-Charge 
Tourist Information Centre, Govt. of Assam
Assam House, 8, Russel Street
Kolkata – 700 071
West Bengal, India
Phone:+91-33-22295094

Deputy Director of Tourism,
Kohora Range, P.O. Kaziranga National Park,
Dist. Golaghat, Assam 785109.
Phone: +91-3776-262423 & 262429

Tourist Information Officers
Guwahati: 
Station Road, Guwahati 781001, Phone: +91-361-2544474/2547102/2542748

Kaziranga: O/o Dy. Director of Tourism, Kaziranga, Phone: +91-3776-262423 & 262429

Nagaon: Nagaon Tourist Lodge, Nagaon (Assam), Phone: +91-3672-222906

Other National Parks in Assam. Name of National Parks, Year of Notification and Total Area is as follows……….
S. No. Name of National Park Year of Notification Total Area (km²)
1 Dibru-Saikhowa National Park Assam 1999 340
2 Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park Assam 1999 78.81
3 Manas National Park Assam 1990 500
4 Nameri National Park Assam 1998 200

For More Detail

http://nagaon.nic.in/kaziranga/Contact/index.html

About Vijay Choudhary

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