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Kanger Valley National Park – complete detail – updated

Kanger Valley National Park – complete detail – updated. Dominant flora and fauna of Kanger Valley National Park. Geography of Kanger Valley National Park. How to reach Kanger Valley National Park. The Park has mainly Cuddapah group of rock formation and at some places vindhyan group of rock formation, shales are the common rock formation of cuddapah group, which are horizontally bedded, at many places calcareous, the other rock formation is slate…………..
It was declared as a National park in the year of 1982. Total area of the park is about 200 Km2. The Kanger Valley National park is also known as Kanger Ghati National Park. The Park is famous for its biodiversity with picturesque landscape, magnificent waterfalls, and underground limestone caves. 
The Park also has a sizable tribal population and can be an ideal destination for wildlife enthusiasts, nature lovers, researchers, anthropologists and for anyone who wants to discover the very best of Chhattisgarh wildlife and unique tribes of the region. The Park is Valley of Kanger River. The river flows from NW to SE direction centrally through deep gorges. Both sides of the valley are very steep and are associated with hill ranges. The entire park area is hilly. The eastern half portion is very hilly; the western half is………
National park is an area which is strictly reserved for the betterment of the wildlife & biodiversity, and where activities like developmental, forestry, poaching, hunting and grazing on cultivation are not permitted. Their boundaries are well marked and circumscribed.
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Kanger Valley National Park

Kanger Valley National Park is a beautiful place, located in the Bastar district (Near Jagdalpur) of the state of Chhattisgarh. The Kanger Valley National park is also known as Kanger Ghati National Park.

It was declared as a National park in the year of 1982. Total area of the park is about 200 Km2. The park is located on the banks of Kholaba River at a distance of about 27 km from Jagdalpur.

The national Park is situated on the valley of river Kanger. The park derives its name from the Kanger River, which flows throughout its length.

Click here to view state wise list of Indian national parks – updated

The Park is famous for its biodiversity with picturesque landscape, magnificent waterfalls, and underground limestone caves.

Besides wildlife and plants, there are many tourist attractions inside the park such as the Kutamsar Caves, Kailash Caves, Dandak Caves and Tiratgarh Waterfalls. Kanger Dhara and Bhaimsa Dhara (a Crocodile Park) are the two beautiful and exotic picnic resorts in the Park.

The Park also has a sizable tribal population and can be an ideal destination for wildlife enthusiasts, nature lovers, researchers, anthropologists and for anyone who wants to discover the very best of Chhattisgarh wildlife and unique tribes of the region.

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Geography

This National Park is noteworthy of its amazingly distinct formations of land that ranges from the absolute ground level and calm areas to excessive plateaus, slopes, streams and valleys courses.

The widely waving topography of the Kanger Valley shelters various habitats that gives a perfect vision for various types of fauna and flora, therefore highlighting the Biodiversity of India’s Central Region.

The Park has mainly Cuddapah group of rock formation and at some places vindhyan group of rock formation, shales are the common rock formation of cuddapah group, which are horizontally bedded, at many places calcareous, the other rock formation is slate.

The soils are yellowish-brown, brownish red, reddish and brown in color and mostly residual in nature. Poor and rocky soil is found on the hill tops and slopes. Recent deposits are alluvial soils, high and low level laterites, and ferruginous conglomerates.

The Park is Valley of Kanger River. The river flows from NW to SE direction centrally through deep gorges. Both sides of the valley are very steep and are associated with hill ranges. The entire park area is hilly. The eastern half portion is very hilly; the western half is comparatively less hilly. There are small plateaus interspersed with hills. The entire park is full of seasonal nallahs and these nallahs join Kanger River from both sides.

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The altitude of the park varies from 338 to 781 metres above Mean Sea Level.

Coordinates – 08° 45′ 00″ N to 82° 10′ 00″ E

Latitude – 18° 45′ 00″ N to 18° 56′ 30″ N

Longitude – 81° 51′ 30″ E to 82° 10′ 00″ E

Maximum Temperature – 400 C

Minimum Temperature – 110 C

Average rainfall – 1400.00 mm

Dominant flora

Trees – Teak, Sal, Saja, Bija, Dhavara, Tendu, Mahua, Haldu, Tinsa, Suria, Kushum, Semal, Harra, Padar, Kasai etc.

Grasses – Chir, Kans, Kusal, Khus, Phulbahari etc.

Climbers – Mahulbel, Palas bel, Ramdaton, Satawar, Malar etc.

Parasites – Amarbel, Bandha etc.

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Dominant fauna

Mammals – Tigers, Leopards, Mouse Deer, Wild Cat, Chital, Sambar, Barking Deer, Jackals, Langurs, Rhesus Macaque, Sloth Bear, Flying Squirrel, Wild Boar, Striped Hyena, Rabbits etc.

Reptiles – Pythons, Cobra, Crocodiles, Monitor Lizards, Snakes etc.

Birds – Hill Myna, Spotted Owlet, Red Jungle Fowls, Racket-tailed Drongos, Peacocks, Parrots, Steppe Eagles, Red Spur Fall, Phakta, Tree Pie, Heron etc.

The fauna that have been recorded in the National Park include –

About 49 species of Mammals

About 144 species of Birds

About 16 species of Amphibians

About 37 species of Reptiles

About 56 species of Pisces

About 91 species of Butterflies

About 26 species of Moths

About 113 species of Spiders

(According – ZSI)

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Other attractions

Kanger River

Kanger valley

Tirathgarh waterfalls

Kanger Dhara

Bhainsa Darha

Kutamsar Caves

Kailash Caves

Dandak Caves

Sri Venkateswara Swami Temple

Chitrakoot Falls

Best time to visit

The best time of the year to visit the Kanger Valley National Park is between the months of November to June.

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How to Reach

By AirNearest airport is Raipur airport, about 330 Km from the Kanger Valley National Park. Raipur airport is well connected by road and rail network to Kanger Valley National Park.

By Rail Nearest railway station is Jagdalpur railway station, about 27 Km from the Kanger Valley National Park. Jagdalpur railway station is well connected by road to Kanger Valley National Park.

By Road Kanger Valley National Park is well connected to Major Cities and Places by road network. There are a number of government and privately operated vehicles that go to Kanger Valley National Park at frequent intervals.

Useful Contact

Chhattisgarh Tourism G.E. Road, Raipur- 492 006 Phone – +91-771-4066 415,
Fax: +91-771-4066 425

Tourist Information Center,
Chhattisgarh Tourism Board, Forest Rest House, Kumharpara, Jagdalpur  Phone – 07782 – 221686 Fax : 07782 – 222128

Book a Hotel

http://www.tripadvisor.in/Hotels-g2717680 Kanger_Valley_National_Park_Bastar_District_Chhattisgarh-Hotels.html

Other National Parks in Chhattisgarh. Name of National Parks, Year of Notification and Total Area is as follows………
S. No. Name of National Park Year of Notification Total Area (km²)
1 Indravati National Park Chhattisgarh 1982 1258.37
2 Guru Ghasi Das (Sanjay) National Park Chhattisgarh 1981 1440.71

About Vijay Choudhary

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