Breaking News
Home » Fauna » Birds » Jungle bush quail (Perdicula asiatica) Complete detail – updated

Jungle bush quail (Perdicula asiatica) Complete detail – updated

Jungle bush quail (Perdicula asiatica) Complete detail – updated. Description of Jungle bush quail (Perdicula asiatica). Classification of Jungle bush quail (Perdicula asiatica). Habit and habitat of  Jungle bush quail. They prefer dry grasslands, but can also be found in wooded areas. 
Jungle bush quail  have dark brown ear coverts and their chestnut-brown chin and throat patch is bordered by a pale yellowish band with reddish-brown flecks. Head of a male is brownish red in color and has a slight brown mottling on top. The breast is speckled with white and brownish black color. Both sexes are similar, but the male has a white moustache, heavily barred white underparts, and variegated wings. The female has a uniform, rich chestnut breast and belly…………
Nesting and breeding season is between August and April. They likes stony areas with thorny bushes for nesting. The nest is a scrape in the ground, lined with grass, under shelter of a bush or grass-tussock, usually in scrub jungle. Eggs 4 to 8, creamish white in color and fairly glossed. Incubation period is between 16 to 20 days.

1920

Click here to view State wise list of Indian state birds (symbols) – updated

Distinctive Identification

Size between 15 cm to 19 cm., and weigh between 60 to 90 g. Jungle bush quail  have dark brown ear coverts and their chestnut-brown chin and throat patch is bordered by a pale yellowish band with reddish-brown flecks.

Beak is brown with a black tip, and the legs and feet are orangish-yellow. Jungle bush quail has chestnut-brown with a dark eyebrow stripe bordered in white running onto the nape.

The back is spotted with black, brown and yellow. Breast and abdomen are brownish white with distinct transverse black stripes. Underneath the chestnut-brown tail coverts is reddish-brown.

Head of a male is brownish red in color and has a slight brown mottling on top. The breast is speckled with white and brownish black color.

Both sexes are similar, but the male has a white moustache, heavily barred white underparts, and variegated wings. The female has a uniform, rich chestnut breast and belly.

2221

Classification

Common Name – Jungle bush quail

Local Name – Raan laawa

Zoological Name – Perdicula asiatica

Kingdom – Animalia

Phylum – Chordata

Class – Aves

Order – Galliformes

Family – Phasianidae

Sub-family – Perdicinae

Genus – Perdicula

Conservational Status – Schedule – IV, according to wildlife (Protection) act, 1972 and classified as Least Concern (LC) by the IUCN.

Distribution

Jungle bush quail, resident locally throughout India, specifically from Kashmir and the outer Himalayas south to Deccan and Orissa. They are also found in Sri Lanka and Ceylon, in the plains and up to about 4,000 ft. in the hills. They have been introduced to the Réunion Island.

2423

Habit and habitat

Jungle bush quail are generally found in dry scrub and brush, open deciduous forest, and stony grasslands. They likes stony areas with thorny bushes for nesting. They prefer dry grasslands, but can also be found in wooded areas.

Jungle bush quail is a beautiful bird, with shy in nature. Call is a rhythmic, harsh, slightly grating “chee-chee-chuck, chee-chee-chuck. The birds drop after a short flight, and the covey soon re-unites by means of soft whistling calls, whi-whi-whi-whi, etc., uttered by its members.

Jungle bush quail feed on grain, seeds, grasses, herbs, tender shoots, gram and millet, and some insects. They also eat maggots and small insect larvae. Male Jungle bush quail attain maturity at about 6 to 8 months of age.

Nesting and breeding season is between August and April. The nest is a scrape in the ground, lined with grass, under shelter of a bush or grass-tussock, usually in scrub jungle. The nest is a bare hollow in the ground without a lining.

Eggs 4 to 8, creamish white in color and fairly glossed. Incubation period is between 16 to 20 days.

About Vijay Choudhary

Check Also

State bird of Arunachal Pradesh – complete detail – updated

State bird of Arunachal Pradesh – complete detail – updated. Description of State bird of …

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.