Jim Corbett National Park (first Indian NP) – complete detail – updated. Jim Corbett is the first National Park of India. Geography of Jim Corbett National Park. How to reach Jim Corbett National Park. The Park was established in the year of 1936. The whole extent of the park is divided into four different zones called Bijrani, Dhikala, Jhirna and Durgadevi zones. Spread over an area of 520.82 km2.
Jim Corbett is a beautiful place. The present area of the Jim Corbett national park is 1318.54 km2, Including 520.82 km2 (National Park) of core area of and 797.72 km2 of buffer area (Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary). The Park has numerous ravines, ridges, minor streams and small plateaus with varying aspects and degrees of slopes. The park encompasses the Patli Dun valley formed by the Ramganga River. The different habitat types of Corbett Park i.e. mountains, Sal forests, grasslands, khair-sissoo forests, and rivers have their distinct assemblage of plants. The most visible trees found in Corbett Park are Sal, Sissoo and Khair. Many other species that contribute to the diversity are found scattered throughout the Corbett Park. Chir Pine is the only conifer of the Park and is found on ridge-tops.……………
It was renamed in 1956-57 after the death of the legendary hunter Jim Corbett (Edward James Corbett). This unique tiger territory is best known as the father who gave birth of the Project Tiger in India to protect the most endangered species and the Royal of India called Tigers.
National park is an area which is strictly reserved for the betterment of the wildlife & biodiversity, and where activities like developmental, forestry, poaching, hunting and grazing on cultivation are not permitted. Their boundaries are well marked and circumscribed.
Jim Corbett National Park
Jim Corbett is a beautiful place, located in the Nainital district of the state of Uttarakhand. Jim Corbett is the first National Park of India. Jim Corbett National Park situated in the foothills of the Himalayas.
National Park was established in 1936. Name of park in 1936 was Hailey National Park named in the honor of Sir Hailey, the governor of united provinces. The name of Corbett National Park was changed to Ramganga National Park in 1952 -53.
It was renamed in 1956-57 after the death of the legendary hunter Jim Corbett (Edward James Corbett). The present area of the Jim Corbett national park is 1318.54 km2, Including 520.82 km2 (National Park) of core area of and 797.72 km2 of buffer area (Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary).
Corbett National Park is India’s first national park and the first sanctuary to come under Project tiger in 1973. Jim Corbett was famous for hunting down more than two dozen man-eating tigers in the Kumaon region.
The whole extent of the park is divided into four different zones called Bijrani, Dhikala, Jhirna and Durgadevi zones. Spread over an area of 520.82 km2. Fifth zone – Sonanadi Zone.
This unique tiger territory is best known as the father who gave birth of the Project Tiger in India to protect the most endangered species and the Royal of India called Tigers.
Jim Corbett National Park situated in the foothills of the Himalayas.
Jim Corbett National Park has numerous ravines, ridges, minor streams and small plateaus with varying aspects and degrees of slopes. The park encompasses the Patli Dun valley formed by the Ramganga River.
The different habitat types of Corbett Park i.e. mountains, Sal forests, grasslands, khair-sissoo forests, and rivers have their distinct assemblage of plants. The most visible trees found in Corbett Park are Sal, Sissoo and Khair. Many other species that contribute to the diversity are found scattered throughout the Corbett Park. Chir Pine is the only conifer of the Park and is found on ridge-tops.
It protects parts of the Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests and Himalayan subtropical pine forests eco-regions.
Tree density inside the reserve is higher in the areas of sal forests and lowest in the Anogeissus forests. Total tree basal cover is greater in Sal dominated areas of woody vegetation. Healthy regeneration in sapling and seedling layers is occurring in the Mallotus philippensis, Jamun and Diospyros tomentosa communities.
The Ramganga River forms the most prominent hydrological resource, supplemented by tributaries, most prominent of which are the Sonanadi, Mandal and Palain rivers. The river Kosi runs proximate to the Park and is also a significant water resource for nearby areas.
Zones – Corbett National Park has been divided into five different zones.
- Dhikala zone – The entry gate to Dhikala zone is Dhangarhi. Situated on the edges of the valley Patli Dun, Dhikala Zone is dotted with picturesque natural vistas and is considered a good site to spot herds of elephants, chitals and deer as well as Bengal Tiger. It opens from 15th November till 15th June only.
- Bijrani zone– The entry gate to Bijrani zone is Amdanda. The probability of spotting a tiger in Bijrani Zone is more as compared to other zones of Park. Bijrani zone remains open only during 01st October to 30th June.
- Jhirna zone – The entry gate to Jhirna zone is Dhela. Jhirna Zone is the most comfortable safari zone that opens throughout the year. The zone is mainly noted for its bamboo vegetation and wonderful bird watching experiences.
- Durga Devi Zone – The entry gate to Durga Devi Zone is Durgadevi. The zone is open during 15th November to 15th June every year. The hilly topography and deep dark woody vegetation of Durga Devi Zone is quite favourable for witnessing several distinct species of birds
- Sonanadi Zone – The entry gate to Sonanadi zone is Vatanvasa. The zone remains open for tourist throughout the year. In this zone tourists can expect to see Asiatic Elephants, Tigers and many other species in their natural Habitat.
The weather in the Corbett National Park is temperate compared to most other protected areas of India. Rainfall ranges from light during the dry season to heavy during the monsoons.
Coordinates – 29°32′55″N and 78°56′7″E
Latitude – 29°25′ to 29°39’N
Longitude – 78°44′ to 79°07’E
Altitude – 385 to 1100 m above mean sea level
Winter – October to February
Summer – March to June
Monsoon – July to September
Temperature: Maximum – 42o C
Minimum – 4o C
Rainfall – 1200 to 2800 mm
Important Instructions from Jim Corbett Management
Day visit to all zones are strictly regulated and only a limited number of vehicles are permitted entry during each morning and afternoon.
Permits for day visits to other zones are available online on our official website.
Visitors are advised to acquaint themselves with gate timings and arrive well before the designated time to avoid any inconvenience.
Private vehicles are not allowed entry for tourism purposes and visitors use specially designed vehicles registered with CTR for their visits. Day visits to the Dhikala ecotourism Zone are only permitted by specially conducted buses.
Visitors can also enjoy elephant rides at Bijrani and Dhikala ecotourism Zone.
Permits for day visits to the Sonanadi ecotourism zone can be obtained from the visitor reception center at Kotdwar.
Sal, khair, ber, kuthber, bel, chbilla, dhak, semal, khingan, kharpat, rohini, bakli, pula, Kanju, Bael, bamboo Tiger grass, Khus khus etc.
Mammals – Tiger, Elephant, Leopard, Jungle Cats, Fishing Cats, Himalayan Black Bears, Sloth Bears, Martens, Jackals, Dholes, Civets, Mongooses, Hares, Porcupines, Deers, Wild Boars, Pangolins, Macaques, Langurs, Blue Bulls etc.
Birds – Daters, Herons, Lapwings, Cormorant, Paradise Flycatchers, Manias, Weaver birds, Fishing eagles, Spotted Eagles, Serpent Eagles, Jungle Fowl, Vultures, Thrushes, Bar bets, Peahens, Migrant Gulls, Kingfishers, Ducks, Moorhens, Sandpipers, Geese, Night jars, Woodpeckers, Cuckoos, Wagtails, Black winged Kits, Plovers, Parakeets, Grey Lags Snipes, Grebes, Harriers, Ospreys, Babblers, Mini vets, Peacock, pheasant, pigeon, owl, hornbill, barbet, lark, myna, magpie, partridge, sunbird, bunting, oriole, kingfisher, drongo, dove etc.
Reptiles – Crocodile, gharial, king cobra, common krait, cobra, Russel’s viper, python, Monitor lizard etc.
Corbett Water Fall
Sitabani Forest Reserve
Garjiya Devi Temple
Best visiting season
The best visiting season of Corbett National Park is from Mid-November to Mid-June.
Jeep Safari & Elephant Safari at Corbett national park
Elephant Safari fee – Rs. 3500/- (Foreign/ Indian National)
Extra. While every effort will be made to secure the booking of the elephant safari, the booking however is on first come first serve basis and therefore cannot be guaranteed.
Jeep Safari Fee – 1500 / Person
Morning – 6.00 AM to 9.30 AM
Evening – 2.30 PM to 5.30 PM
Night Jeep Safari on the periphery and outskirts of the Corbett national park on Gypsy available Rs. 1000 per person.
Dedicated jeep Safari in the Corbett national park also available @ Rs 2500/-. All entry & guide fee additional.
How to Reach Jim Corbett National Park
By air – Nearest airport is Pantnagar (Phoolbagh) airport located About 70 km from the Jim Corbett National Park. Buses and Taxis are easily available from Pantnagar to Jim Corbett.
By Rail: Nearest railway station is Ramnagar railway station located About 15 km from the Jim Corbett National Park. The railway station in Ramnagar receives trains from different major cities of India like Delhi, Moradabad and Bareilly. Ramnagar railway station is well connected by road to Jim Corbett National park. Bus or taxi is easily available from the Ramnagar railway station that takes you to Jim Corbett National Park.
By Road – Jim Corbett National Park is well connected by road network to major cities of India. The state government of Uttarakhand plies buses at a short interval of time from Delhi, Moradabad, Haldawani, and Nainital that reaches Corbett directly.
Distance from Major Cities
Delhi – about 260 Kilometers
Nainital – about 62 Kilometers
Ranikhet – about 93 Kilometers
Agra – about 340 Kilometers
Dehradun – about 240 Kilometers
Haridwar – about 180 Kilometers
Rishikesh – about 210 Kilometers
Lucknow – about 436 Kilometers
Book a Hotel at Jim Corbett National Park
Mail Id (official)
Note – The Park is open all through the year except between 1st July to 15th October.
Other National Parks in Uttarakhand. Name of National Parks, Year of Notification and Total Area is as follows…
|S. No.||Name of National Park||Year of Notification||Total Area (Km2)|
|1||Gangotri National Park||Uttarakhand||1989||2390.02|
|2||Govind Pashu Vihar||Uttarakhand||1990||472.08|
|3||Nanda Devi National Park||Uttarakhand||1982||624.6|
|4||Valley of Flowers National Park||Uttarakhand||1982||87.5|
|5||Rajaji National Park||Uttarakhand||1983||820.42|