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Indira Priyadarshini Pench National Park complete detail – updated

Indira Priyadarshini Pench National Park complete detail – updated. Geography of Indira Priyadarshini Pench National Park. Dominant flora and fauna of Indira Priyadarshini Pench National Park. How to Reach Indira Priyadarshini Pench National Park. The bird population in the park counts to be over 210 species like barbets, bulbul, Minivets orioles, wagtails, Munias, mynas, waterfowls and blue kingfishers. 13 species of reptiles are also found in the……………
The park area features as the backdrop in Rudyard Kipling’s ‘Jungle Book’, as also in the Ain-i-Akbari, a 16th century account of the reign of Mughal emperor Akbar (the third and final part of the Akbarnama) which details the natural glory of the surrounds. The Pench National park is the home to a wide variety of flora and fauna. It is dominated by fairly open canopy, mixed forests with considerable shrub cover and open grassy patches. The wildlife include Tigers, Leopards, Wild Dogs, Gaur, Wolf, Sloth Bear, Sambar, Nilgai, Wild Pig, Chausingha, Chinkara, Barking Deer, Jackal, Palm Civet etc…………..
Total area of the park is 292.85 Km2. The name of Pench National Park was changed to “Indira Priyadarshini Pench National Park” in November 2002 Similarly the name of Pench Sanctuary has been changed to “Mowgli Pench Sanctuary”. In the year of 1983, it was declared as a National park. The high habitat heterogeneity favors high population of Chital and Sambar.
National park is an area which is strictly reserved for the betterment of the wildlife & biodiversity, and where activities like developmental, forestry, poaching, hunting and grazing on cultivation are not permitted. Their boundaries are well marked and circumscribed.

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Pench National Park is a beautiful place, located in the Seoni and Chhindwara districts of the state of Madhya Pradesh. The park is located to the south of Satpura hills.

The name of Pench National Park was changed to “Indira Priyadarshini Pench National Park” in November 2002 Similarly the name of Pench Sanctuary has been changed to “Mowgli Pench Sanctuary”. The park derives its name from the Pench River that flows through the park from north to south.

It was declared a sanctuary in the year of 1977. In the year of 1983, it was declared as a National park. Total area of the park is 292.85 Km2.

In 1992, it was established as a tiger reserve (19th Project Tiger Reserve). In 2011 the park won the “Best Management Award”.

Click here to view state wise list of Indian national parks – updated

The park area features as the backdrop in Rudyard Kipling’s ‘Jungle Book’, as also in the Ain-i-Akbari, a 16th century account of the reign of Mughal emperor Akbar (the third and final part of the Akbarnama) which details the natural glory of the surrounds. The park is famous for rafting.

The Pench national park has a count of 8 tigers (as in 1998) and 7 panthers (as in 1998).

The Pench National park is the home to a wide variety of flora and fauna. It is dominated by fairly open canopy, mixed forests with considerable shrub cover and open grassy patches. The wildlife include Tigers, Leopards, Wild Dogs, Gaur, Wolf, Sloth Bear, Sambar, Nilgai, Wild Pig, Chausingha, Chinkara, Barking Deer, Jackal, Palm Civet et.

The high habitat heterogeneity favors high population of Chital and Sambar. The bird population in the park counts to be over 210 species like barbets, bulbul, Minivets orioles, wagtails, Munias, mynas, waterfowls and blue kingfishers. 13 species of reptiles are also found in the park.

History

The area of the present Pench Tiger Reserve has been described in Ain-i-Akbari, and is the setting of Rudyard Kipling’s The Jungle Book.

Pench Tiger Reserve is also popularly known as Mowgli’s land as British Nobel laureate Rudyard Kipling’s classic “”The Jungle Book”, released n year 1894, is based on real life story of a boy, with similar characteristics, captured from jungle, far before Jungle Book was written.

In past during British India, under mysterious circumstances some villagers near Seoni dis-appeared in forest. The park derives its name from the Pench River that flows through the park from north to south.

The name of Pench National Park was changed to “Indira Priyadarshini Pench National Park” in November 2002 Similarly the name of Pench Sanctuary has been changed to “Mowgli Pench Sanctuary”.

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It was declared a sanctuary in the year of 1977. In the year of 1983, it was declared as a National park. In 1992, it was established as a tiger reserve (19th Project Tiger Reserve). In 2011 the park won the “Best Management Award”.

The Pench national park has a count of 8 tigers (as in 1998) and 7 panthers (as in 1998). As per 2011 Tiger Census; there are 25 tigers under this umbrella of the Park.

Geography

Pench National Park is located in the Seoni and Chhindwara districts of the state of Madhya Pradesh. The park is located to the south of Satpura hills.

The park area is covered with small hills and well-stocked teak mixed forest in the southern reaches of the Satpura Ranges. It is located on the southern boundary of Madhya Pradesh.

There are 10 villages in the national park, one inside the park (Fulzari) and nine on the periphery.

Pench forest is spread over Satpura mountain range in which other tiger reserves like Kanha National Park & Satpura National Parks are also situated.

The Pench Tiger Reserve located in the southern reaches of the Satpura hill ranges

Its habitat is principally made up of tropical-dry deciduous and dry-mixed deciduous forest – part of a pretty large band of forest that continues on to Nagpur in the south and Balaghat to the east.

The undulating topography supports a mosaic of vegetation ranging from moist, sheltered valleys to open, dry deciduous forest.

Over 1200 species of plants have been recorded from the area including several rare and endangered plants as well as plants of ethno-botanical importance. Teak is abundant and bamboos are sparse, and restricted to the valleys.

The flora of Pench Tiger Reserve comprises mainly of Southern Indian tropical moist deciduous forest and tropical dry deciduous teak.

Water bodies are found in the form of streams and ‘nallahs’. Most of them are seasonal and meander in full zest during the monsoons.

Pench River, which serves as the major water source, desiccates or dries up in April end. Then, water pools known as ‘dohs’ serve as water suppliers for the fauna of the park, along with Pench Reservoir.

About 54 Km2 area of park is submerged into Pench river water due to hydroelectric Totladoh dam on it.

Elevation ranges from 425 to 620 meter from MSL

Area

Core – 292.85 Km2
Buffer – 465.00 Km2
Total – 757.85 Km2

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Seasons

Winter – November to February

Summer – March to Mid-June

Monsoon – Mid-June to October

Temperature –     Maximum – 42o C

                              Minimum – 4o C

Average rainfall is 1,300 mm

State wise list of Wildlife Sanctuaries of India – updated 

Dominant flora

Teak, Saja, Bijiayasal, Lendia, Haldu, Salai, Aonla, Amaltas, Bamboo, White kulu tree, Moyan, Mahua, Mokha, Skiras, Tendu, Bija, Achar, Garari, Aonla, Ghont, Baranga, Kihamali, Khair, Palas, Sal, Terminalia chebula, Terminalia bellarica, Anogeisis latifolia, Mangifera indica, Syzigium cumini etc.

Dominant fauna

MammalsTiger, Leopard, Wild Dog Gaur, Wolf, Sloth Bear, Sambar, Nilgai, Wild Pig, Chausingha, Chinkara, Barking Deer, Jackal, Palm Civet, Small Indian Civet, Jungle Cat, Hyena, Porcupine, Langurs, Spotted Deer, Indian Fox, Common Mongoose, Common Giant Flying Squirrel, Striped Hyena etc.

Birds – Malabar Pied Hornbill, Indian Pitta, Osprey, Grey-headed Fishing Eagle, White-eyed Buzzard, Spotted Dove, Rose-ringed Parakeets, Indian Roller, Little Green Bee-eaters, Black Kites, Black Drongos, Jungle Babblers, Common Indian Crow, Red-vented Bulbuls, Baya weaver, White-throated Kingfishers, Crested Serpend Eagle, Crested Hawk Eagle, Treepies, Racket tailed drongos, White bellied drongos, Ashy-crowned Sparrow-Lards, Shikra, Grey Hornbills etc.

Migratory Birds – Brahmini Duck, Pochards, Barheaded Geese, Coots etc.

Four species of the now endangered vultures white-rumped, long billed, white scavenger and king vulture can be seen in good numbers in the Reserve.

Other Attractions

Sita Ghat

Alikatta

Kalapahad

Bodhanala Range

Chhindimatta Road – It’s a boundary line between Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh. During & after monsoon one can easily watch beautiful water birds & also an excellent area for spotting buzzards, eagles & hawks as well.

Raiyakassa – A watchtower has been built by the Park authorities at Raiyakassa that provides great views of the Pench River.

Doob Road – The trail running is an excellent area for spotting all species of animals. After the monsoon most of the migratory submerged species once again recede.

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Best time to visit

The best time of the year to visit the Indira Priyadarshini Pench National Park is between the months of November to May.

July to September – The park is closed

Timings

Winters

Morning – 7.30 AM to 10.30 AM

Evening – 3.00 PM to 5.30 PM

Summers

Morning – 6.30 AM to 9.30 AM

Evening – 4.00 PM to 6.30 PM

Safari Charges (Gypsy) –

Zones Distance from Tathastu Charges for Indians Charges for Foreigners
Turia Main Gate 2 Km  INR 4000/-  INR 6000/-
Rukhad Wildlife Sanctuary 35 Km  INR 5000/-  INR 7000/-
Sillari Gate 40 Km  INR 5500/-  INR 7500/-
Wolf Sanctuary – Khawasa (Night or Day) 10 Km  INR 4000/-  INR 6000/-
Khursapar Wildlife Sanctuary 10 Km  INR 4500/-  INR 6500/-
Kohka Dam or Village Sightseeing 5 Km  INR 1000/-  INR 3000/-
Night Patrolling in Buffer Area 25 Km Drive Inside the Buffer Zone    INR 2500/-    INR 4500/-

Note Few gates of Pench National Park is open to the visitors from 1st October to 30th June each year and remains closed during the rainy season (July- September). There are 2 main entrances to the park – Turia & Karmazhiri these gates are open from 16th Oct till 30th June. Few gates are open throughout the year for visitors experience Jungle whenever there are vacations for them.

How to Reach

By AirNearest airport is Nagpur airport, about 100 Km from the Indira Priyadarshini Pench National Park. Nagpur airport is well connected by road to Indira Priyadarshini Pench National Park.

By Rail Nearest railway station is Nagpur railway station, about 92 Km from the Indira Priyadarshini Pench National Park. Nagpur railway station is well connected by road to Indira Priyadarshini Pench National Park.

By Road Indira Priyadarshini Pench National Park is well connected to Major Cities and Places by road network. There are a number of government and privately operated vehicles that go to Indira Priyadarshini Pench National Park at frequent intervals.

Accommodations

In Pench National Park, resorts & lodges are available for accommodation purpose of visitors.

Most of the safari lodges & resorts are located close to Turia gate as it is the popular entrance gate and almost all tourists do their safari through this entrance gate.

Book a Hotel at Indira Priyadarshini Pench National Park

http://www.makemytrip.com/hotels/pench-hotels.html

https://www.adventurenation.com/trip/wildlife-safari-at-pench-national-park

Other National Parks in Madhya Pradesh. Name of National Parks, Year of Notification and Total Area is as follows…
S. No. Name of National Park Year of Notification Total Area(km²)
1 Bandhavgarh National Park 1968 448.85
2 Kanha National Park 1955 940
3 Madhav National Park 1959 375.22
4 Panna National Park 1981 542.67
5 Mandla Plant Fossils National Park 1983 0.27
6 Sanjay National Park 1981 466.88
7 Satpura National Park 1981 585.17
8 Van Vihar National Park 1979 4.45

About Vijay Choudhary

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