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Guindy National Park complete detail – updated

Guindy National Park complete detail – updated. Geography of Guindy National Park. Dominant flora and fauna of Guindy National Park. How to Reach Guindy National Park. The park has many impressive memorials to modern India’s leaders, Mahatma Gandhi, K.Kamaraj and C.Rajagopalachari Bakthavatchalam in the vicinity………
Total area of the park is 2.82 Km2. Guindy National Park was established in the year of 1976. The park is home to spotted deer, black bucks, white bucks, river otter, hyena, bonnet monkey, civet cat, jackals, pangolin, hedgehog and common mongoose etc. 
The park is also a suitable habitat for many species of butterflies, spiders, and invertebrates like Grasshopper, Ants, Termites, Crabs, Snails, Slugs, Scorpions, Mites, Earthworm, and Millipedes etc. There are also memorials to India’s great leaders, Mahatma Gandhi, K.Kamaraj and C.Rajagopalachari, Bakthavatchalam in the vicinity………..
National park is an area which is strictly reserved for the betterment of the wildlife & biodiversity, and where activities like developmental, forestry, poaching, hunting and grazing on cultivation are not permitted. Their boundaries are well marked and circumscribed.

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Guindy National Park

Guindy National Park is a beautiful place, located in the Chennai district of the state of Tamil Nadu. Guindy National Park is the 9th smallest national park in India.

Guindy National Park was established in the year of 1976. Total area of the park is 2.82 Km2. The park is an extension of the grounds surrounding Raj Bhavan, formerly known as the ‘Guindy Lodge’, the official residence of the Governor of Tamil Nadu.

Guindy National park consists of various vegetation zones mainly tropical dry evergreen flora with over 350 species of plants including trees, shrubs, climbers, herbs and grasses. 24 varieties of trees including Amona Squamosa, Atlanta Monoplylla, Feronia Limonia, Azadirachta Indica and many others are found in this park.

Click here to view state wise list of Indian national parks – updated

The park is home to spotted deer, black bucks, white bucks, river otter, hyena, bonnet monkey, civet cat, jackals, pangolin, hedgehog and common mongoose etc.

Birds which can be seen here are the black winged kite, buzzard, Grey Partridge, olden Backed Woodpecker, Parakeets, Crow Pheasant, Yellow Wattled Lapwing, Blue Faced Malkoha, Shrikes, Koels, pariah kite, Minivets, Munias, Barkets, Tailor Birds, Robins, Drongos, Quails, Flycatcher, Stone Curlew, Beak Paradise etc.

The park is also a suitable habitat for many species of butterflies, spiders, and invertebrates like Grasshopper, Ants, Termites, Crabs, Snails, Slugs, Scorpions, Mites, Earthworm, and Millipedes etc.

This park is extended up to the deeper parts of the estate of governor that consists of beautiful forests, scrub lands, lakes and streams.

The Children’s Park here has playgrounds, swings, mini-railway, elephant and pony rides etc. for the kids. There is also a mini zoo with a sizeable collection of birds, deer’s, peacocks etc.

In addition there is a Snake Park with king cobras, pythons, vipers etc. Apart from snakes, certain species of tortoise and turtles- especially the endangered star turtle can be found here. There are also lizards, geckos, chameleons and the common Indian monitor lizard, as well as a large variety of insects and butterflies.

There are also memorials to India’s great leaders, Mahatma Gandhi, K.Kamaraj and C.Rajagopalachari, Bakthavatchalam in the vicinity.

The park has many impressive memorials to modern India’s leaders, Mahatma Gandhi, K.Kamaraj and C.Rajagopalachari.

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History

In the early 1670s, a garden space was carved out of the Guindy forest and a residence called the Guindy Lodge was built by Governor William Langhorne (1672–1678), which had helped make St Thomas Mount a salubrious place for rest and recreation.

The remaining of the forest area was a game reserve, and owned by Gilbert Rodericks, a British citizen. When Gilbert Rodericks died, in 1821 the Tamil Nadu government purchased it and the surrounding wooded property for a sum of Rs. 35,000/.

The place was declared as reserved forests in 1910. Spotted deer were introduced into the park probably after 1945. Between 1961 and 1977, about 172 ha of the forest, primarily from the Raj Bhavan, was transferred to various government departments in order to build educational institutions and memorials

In 1958, a portion of the forest area was transferred to the Union Education Ministry for establishing the Indian Institute of Technology, Madras. The Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru allotted a portion of the Guindy forest as a park for children. In 1958, it was handed over to the Forest department.

Memorials for Rajaji and Kamaraj were built in 1974 and 1975, respectively, from parcels of land acquired from the Raj Bhavan.

Guindy National Park was established in the year of 1976. Total area of the park is 2.82 Km2. A wall was created between this park and the Raj Bhawan as well as the IIT Madras Campus that are adjacent to this park in late 1980s.

Geography

Guindy National Park is located in the Chennai district of the state of Tamil Nadu. Guindy National Park is the 9th smallest national park in India. Total area of the park is 2.82 Km2.

The park is an extension of the grounds surrounding Raj Bhavan, formerly known as the ‘Guindy Lodge’, the official residence of the Governor of Tamil Nadu.

Guindy National park consists of various vegetation zones mainly tropical dry evergreen flora with over 350 species of plants including trees, shrubs, climbers, herbs and grasses. 24 varieties of trees including Amona Squamosa, Atlanta Monoplylla, Feronia Limonia, Azadirachta Indica and many others are found in this park.

This park is extended up to the deeper parts of the estate of governor that consists of beautiful forests, scrub lands, lakes and streams.

The Children’s Park here has playgrounds, swings, mini-railway, elephant and pony rides etc. for the kids. There is also a mini zoo with a sizeable collection of birds, deer’s, peacocks etc.

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The ecosystem consists of the rare tropical dry evergreen scrub and thorn forests receiving about 1200 mm of rainfall annually.

This Predominantly dry deciduous scrub jungle of acacia is interspersed with larger trees such as sandal wood banyan and Jamun.

The summer season in April and May determines the peculiar vegetation of the Coromandel-Circar coast. Between June and December, wet season prevails, with dry season occurring between January and March. The park also has a lake known as the ‘Tangal Eri’.

The park is protected by a perimeter wall for a length of 9.5 km. The park has two large tanks, namely, Kathan Kollai (KK Tank) and Appalam Kolam (AK Tank), in addition to two ponds, which usually dry up during summer.

State wise list of Wildlife Sanctuaries of India – updated 

Dominant flora

The park has 350 species of plants including trees, shrubs, climbers, herbs and grasses.

Amona Squamosa, Atlanta Monoplylla, Feronia Limonia, Azadirachta Indica etc. are the dominant tree species.

Dominant fauna

Mammals Blackbuck, Spotted deer, Small Indian civet, Jackal, Common palm civet, Hyena, Hedgehog, Pangolin, Common mongoose, Three-striped palm squirrel etc.

Birds – Grey partridge, Pheasant, Paradise fly-catcher, Quail, Black-winged kite, Pariah kite, Honey Buzzard, Red-wattled lapwing, Eagle, Yellow-wattled lapwing, Shrike, Blue-faced malkoha, koel, Parakeet, Tailor bird, Robin, Drongos etc.

Migratory Birds – Teals, Pochards, Garganeys, Medium egrets, Large egrets, Pond herons, Night herons, Open-billed storks etc.

Reptiles – Star tortoise, Lizards, Geckos, Chameleons, Monitor lizard etc.

Other Attractions

Children’s Park

Mini-railway

Elephant and Pony Rides

Mini zoo

Snake Park

Best time to visit

The best time of the year to visit the Guindy National Park is between the months of October to May.

Timings –

Snake Park – 9.00 am to 5.30 pm

Children’s Park – 9.00 am to 6.00 pm

Tuesday is declared as a holiday.

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Entry Fee

Adult – Rs. 15/-

School children (Government and aided Schools) – Rs. 02/-

School children (Private) – Rs. 10/-

Still Camera – Rs.10/-

Handy Camera / Video Camera – Rs.75/-

Charges for documentary educational films using Handy camera and Video Camera – Rs.2000/-

In Snake Park

Still Camera – Rs.25/-

Handy Camera / Video Camera – Rs.150/-

Parking charges

Heavy vehicle – 50/-

Motor car/van – Rs. 15/-

Motor Cycle – Rs. 5/-

How to Reach

By AirNearest airport is Chennai airport, about 08 Km from the Guindy National Park. Chennai airport is well connected by road network to Guindy National Park.

By Rail Nearest railway station is Guindy railway station, about 01 Km from the Guindy National Park. Guindy railway station is well connected by road network to Guindy National Park.

By Road Guindy National Park is well connected to Major Cities and Places by road network. There are a number of government and privately operated vehicles that go to Guindy National Park at frequent intervals.

Useful Contacts

The Wildlife Warden, 259, Anna Salai, DMS Compound, IV Floor, Teynampet, Chennai – 600-006, Ph.: 044-24321471, 22301328, 22351471

Other  National Parks in Tamilnadu. Name of National Parks, Year of Notification and Total Area is as follows…
S. No. Name of National Park Year of Notification Total Area(km²)
1 Mukurthi National Park 1990 78.46
2 Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park 1980 6.23
3 Indira Gandhi (Annamalai) National Park 1989 117.1
4 Mudumalai National Park 1990 103.23

About Vijay Choudhary

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