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Gugamal National Park complete detail – updated

Gugamal National Park complete detail – updated. Geography of Gugamal National Park. Dominant flora and fauna of Gugamal National Park. How to Reach Gugamal National Park. Gugamal National Park creates the central portion of The Melghat Tiger Reserve. Melghat was declared a Tiger Reserve in 1973-74 under the Project Tiger. On 5th Sep 1975, the Melghat Tiger Reserve was designated a sanctuary…………..
Total area of the park is about 361.28 Km2. It was declared as a National Park in the year of 1975. The Park provides visitors an opportunity to sight different type of snakes, monkeys, squirrels ,bears, deer’s ,antelopes ,fishes, butterflies, crocodiles ,cat family, variant plants, trees and shrubs. The park offers visitors a wonderful place for sightseeing, great photography amidst nature and its creations. The Park area lies within the Satpura hill ranges also known as the Gavilgarh…………..
National park is an area which is strictly reserved for the betterment of the wildlife & biodiversity, and where activities like developmental, forestry, poaching, hunting and grazing on cultivation are not permitted. Their boundaries are well marked and circumscribed.

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Gugamal National Park

Gugamal National Park is a beautiful place, located in the Amravati district of the state of Maharashtra. The park is a part of the Melghat Tiger Reserve.

Melghat was declared a Tiger Reserve in 1973-74 under the Project Tiger. It was declared as a National Park in the year of 1975. Total area of the park is about 361.28 Km2.

The Park area lies within the Satpura hill ranges also known as the Gavilgarh Hills. This is the only park in Maharashtra where tigers are still in existence and is one of the well-known ones in the state.

Click here to view state wise list of Indian national parks – updated

The Rivers that flow within the Park are the Gadga River and Dolar River. The Tapi River flows on the northern borders of the Park.

The park is home to a wide variety of rare animals and birds, including the Tiger, Bison, Panther, Sloth bear, Wild dog, Jackal, hyena, Chausingha, Sambar, Barking deer, Ratel, Flying squirrel, Cheetal, Nilgai, Wild boar, Langur, Rhesus monkey and a host of migratory birds. Many species of reptiles, birds, fishes and butterflies are also found in the park.

There are 90 tree species, 66 shrub species, 316 herb species, 56 climbers, 23 sedge species and about 99 grass species. The area is rich in medicinal plants.

The Park provides visitors an opportunity to sight different type of snakes, monkeys, ,squirrels ,bears, deer’s ,antelopes ,fishes , butterflies, crocodiles ,cat family, variant plants, trees and shrubs.

The park offers visitors a wonderful place for sightseeing, great photography amidst nature and its creations.

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History

Gugamal National Park creates the central portion of The Melghat Tiger Reserve. Melghat was declared a Tiger Reserve in 1973-74 under the Project Tiger. On 5th Sep 1975, the Melghat Tiger Reserve was designated a sanctuary.

It was declared as a National Park in the year of 1975. Total area of the park is about 361.28 Km2. Crocodiles were re-introduced in a systematic manner in March 1990 and February 1991 in Siddu Kund in Gadga River near Dhakna and Hathikund in the Dolar River in the Gugamal National Park.

Geography

Gugamal National Park is located in the Amravati district of the state of Maharashtra. The park is a part of the Melghat Tiger Reserve. Melghat Tiger Reserve is situated in Chikhaldara & Dharni tehsils of District Amaravati in Hills of Satpura series.

The Park area lies within the Satpura hill ranges also known as the Gavilgarh Hills. The forest is rugged and hilly and quite suitable for the Park’s most important inhabitant. The main ridges rise over 1000 metres.

The Rivers that flow within the Park are the Gadga River and Dolar River. The Tapi River flows on the northern borders of the Park.

The forest in rough & hilly region of Melghat is usual Southern arid deciduous jungle. There are 75 classes of plants found here.

Significant tree species include Tectona grandis, Ain, Tiwas, Aola, Lendia, Dhawada and Kusum. Bamboo & Teak is extensively extended in the jungles.

Temperature –     Maximum – 43o C

                               Minimum – 6o C

Altitude: 350 – 1,178 m

 Rainfall: 1,850.00 mm

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Dominant flora

Teak, Kusum, Ain, Tiwas, Aola, Lendia, Dhawada, Bamboo, Moyan, Mahua, Lanzin, Aonla, Bhaman, Ghont etc.

There are more than 750 species of plants in the forest which includes 90 species of trees, 316 species of herbs, 56 species of climbers, 66 species of shrubs, 23 sedge species and 99 grass species .There are a number of medicinal plants.

Dominant fauna

Mammals – Tiger, Panther, Sloth Bear, Wild Dog, Jackal, Hyena, Chausingha, Gaur, Barking Deer, Ratel, Flying squirrel, Nilgai, Wild Boar, Langur, Rhesus Monkey, Macaque etc.

Reptiles – Indian Cobra, Dwarf Gecko, Common Indian Monitor, Skink Snake, Bark Gecko, Indian Python, Dhamen etc.

Birds – Jungle & Common Babblers, Yellow-billed Babbler, White-checked Barbet, Green Bee-eater, Crested Bunting, White-eyed Buzzard, Honey Buzzard, Common Stonechat, Laughing Dove, Black-shouldered Kite, Black Kite, White-throated Kingfisher, Common Kingfisher, Black-throated Munia, Rose-ringed Parakeet, Rock Pigeon, Indian Peafowl etc.

Other Attractions

Trekking and Meditation

Korku tribal culture

Makhla

Bhootkhora

Chikaldhara

Gavilgarh Fort

Bhim Kund

Panchbol Point

Narnala Fort

State wise list of Wildlife Sanctuaries of India – updated 

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Best time to visit

The best time of the year to visit the Gugamal National Park is between the months of October to June.

How to Reach

By AirNearest airport is Nagpur airport, about 225 Km from the Gugamal National Park. Nagpur airport is well connected by road to Gugamal National Park.

By Rail Nearest railway station is Badnera/Amravati railway station, about 110 Km from the Gugamal National Park. Badnera/Amravati railway station is well connected by road to Gugamal National Park.

By Road Gugamal National Park is well connected to Major Cities and Places by road network. There are a number of government and privately operated vehicles that go to Gugamal National Park at frequent intervals. It is approachable by the state highway from Paratwada to Dharni.

Accommodations

Accommodations are available in Semadoh for visitors. Kolka Rest House also provide accommodation facilities to visitors.

Lodging is available at Forest stay homes in Dhakna, Dhargad, Chaurakund, Ranguveli, Chunkhadi, Kolkaz, Jarida, Makhalara, Hatru & Raipur also.

Useful Contacts

Conservator of Forests & Field Director, Project Tiger Melghat, Amravati – 444602 91-721-2662792.

Official Website – www.melghattiger.gov.in

Other  National Parks in Maharashtra, Year of Notification and Total area is as follows…
S.No. National Park State

 
Established Area (in km²)
1 Chandoli National Park Maharashtra 2004 317.67
2 Navegaon National Park Maharashtra 1975 133.88
3 Sanjay Gandhi  (Borivilli) National Park Maharashtra 1983 86.96
4 Tadoba National Park Maharashtra 1955 116.55
5 Pench National Park Maharashtra 1975 257.26

About Vijay Choudhary

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