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Gorumara National Park complete detail – updated

Gorumara National Park complete detail – updated. Geography of Gorumara National Park. Dominant flora and fauna of Gorumara National Park. How to Reach Gorumara National Park. 
Total area of the park is 79.45 Km2. It was established as a National Park in the year of 1992. The park is home to mammal species like One horned rhinoceros, Indian Elephant, Indian Bison, leopard, Deer, Sambar, Monkeys etc. The National park has now become a prime tourist attraction due to the magnificent forests, breathtakingly beautiful landscapes and the presence of the Indian Rhinoceros.
National park is an area which is strictly reserved for the betterment of the wildlife & biodiversity, and where activities like developmental, forestry, poaching, hunting and grazing on cultivation are not permitted. Their boundaries are well marked and circumscribed.

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Gorumara National Park is a beautiful place, located in the Jalpaiguri district of the state of West Bengal. The park is situated in the Terai region of the Himalayan foothills. It is primarily known for its population of Great Indian One horned Rhinoceros.

It was established as a National Park in the year of 1992. Total area of the park is 79.45 Km2. Gorumara Park located on the bank of rivers Murti and Raidak has vegetation of riverine grasslands interspersed with savannah woodlands.

The park has been declared as the best among the protected areas in India by the MOEF (Ministry of Environment and Forest) for the year 2009.

Click here to view state wise list of Indian national parks – updated

The park is home to many species flora and fauna. The vegetation here is so thick that sunlight barely reaches down to the forest floor and there are times when it is impossible to see through the thicket.
Much of this forest is moist deciduous and sal is the most common and valuable tree. Teak, Simul, Siris, Khair are also found here. The park is breathtaking with its rivers and mountain ranges.

The park is home to mammal species like One horned rhinoceros, Indian Elephant, Indian Bison, leopard, Deer, Sambar, Monkeys etc.

The park also provide suitable habitat to bird species Indian pied hornbill, Woodpeckers, Sunbird, fly catcher, Minivet, Drongo, Brahminy duck, Pheasants and many more migratory birds.

Lataguri a small town adjacent to the park is the entry point. There are watch towers for viewing the animals inside the park.

They are Jatraprasad Watch tower (named in memory of a legendary elephant of that name), Rhino observation point in front of the Gorumara forest bungalow, Old Khunia Watch Tower near the Murti forest bungalow and Suksukia Bird watching Point.

Rhino observation point is the best place to observe wild animals like rhino, elephant, bison and deer as they regularly come to the salt reservoir just below the tower.

The National park has now become a prime tourist attraction due to the magnificent forests, breathtakingly beautiful landscapes and the presence of the Indian Rhinoceros.

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History

Since 1895 it was a Reserve Forest. Bungalow of Park Forest dates to old British Raj period, & has a quite preserved register book from its beginning, which creates for attractive reading.

Nevertheless Gorumara is surrounded by several ethnic villages. More than 10,000 resident forest villagers derive their income from sources including employment in forest department activities, ecotourism, etc. Some of the villages are Sarswati, Budhuram, Bichabhanga, Chatua, Kailipur and Murti Forest Village.

It was declared a Wildlife Sanctuary in the year of 1949. Gorumara was declared a National Park in the year of 1992. Total area of the park is 79.45 Km2.

This area has undulating forests & riverine grasslands, & is famous as the Dooars in West Bengal. Gorumara National Park is situated on the flood plains of the River Murti & River Raidak. The main river of the Gorumara National Park is the river Jaldhaka, a branch of the river Brahmaputra scheme.

Geography

Gorumara National Park is located in the Jalpaiguri district of the state of West Bengal. The park is situated in the Terai region of the Himalayan foothills.

Gorumara Park located on the bank of rivers Murti and Raidak has vegetation of riverine grasslands interspersed with savannah woodlands.

The vegetation here is so thick that sunlight barely reaches down to the forest floor and there are times when it is impossible to see through the thicket.

Much of this forest is moist deciduous and sal is the most common and valuable tree. Teak, Simul, Siris, Khair are also found here. The park is breathtaking with its rivers and mountain ranges.

The arid deciduous jungle terrain mix together with grasslands, docks one of biggest variety of jumbo fauna in West Bengal.

The major river of the park is the Jaldhaka River, a tributary of the Brahmaputra river system. In this regard, Gorumara is a significant watershed area between the Ganges and Brahmaputra river systems. The park is very close to Jaldapara National Park and Chapramari Wildlife Reserve.

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Dominant flora

Sal, Bamboo, Teak, Simul, Siris, Khair, and Savanna grass etc.

The vegetation here is so thick that sunlight barely reaches down to the forest floor and there are times when it is impossible to see through the thicket.

Dominant fauna

Mammals – Indian rhinoceros, Gaur, Sloth bear, Deer, Sambar, Asian elephant, Wild boar, Hog deer, Barking deer, Leopard, Tiger, Indian wild dogs, Indian wolves, Giant squirrels, Pygmy Hog, Hispid Hare etc.

Birds – Scarlet Minivet, Sunbird, Asian paradise flycatchers, Spangled drongo, Indian hornbill, Woodpeckers, Pheasants, Peafowls, Brahminy duck etc.

Reptiles – Indian python, Indian cobra, King cobra, Lizards etc.

Other Attractions

Ethnic Forest Village Tourism

Nature Interpretation Centre

Jatraprasad Watch Tower

Rhino Observation Point

Chandrachur Watch Tower

Chukchuki Bird-watching Point

Best Time to Visit

The best time of the year to visit the Gorumara National Park is between the months of October to May. The park remains closed from 15th June to 15th September.

Fee

Watch tower Entry fee

Jatraprosad Watch Tower – Rs. 120/- (1st, 2nd, 3rd Shift), Rs. 160/- (4th Shift) per person

Medla Watch Tower – Rs. 120/- (1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th Shift) per person

Chandrachur Watch Tower – Rs. 120/- (1st, 2nd, 4th Shift), Rs. 70/- (3rd Shift) per person

Chapramari Watch Tower – Rs. 70/- (1st, 2nd, 3rd Shift), Rs. 120/- (4th Shift) per person

Chukchuki Watch Tower – Rs. 70/- (1st, 2nd, 3rd Shift), Rs. 120/- (4th Shift) per person

Gypsy Fee (Maximum 6 persons in 1 gypsy)

Jatraprosad Watch Tower – Rs. 930/- (1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th Shift) per gypsy

Medla Watch Tower – Rs. 930/- (1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th Shift) per gypsy

Chandrachur Watch Tower – 930/- (1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th Shift) per gypsy

Chapramari Watch Tower – Rs. 1080/- (1st, 2nd, 3rd Shift), Rs. 1290/- (4th Shift) per gypsy

Chukchuki Watch Tower – 690/- (1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th Shift) per gypsy

Guide fee – Rs. 150 per gypsy

Gypsy entry fee – Rs. 100 per gypsy

 Video camera fee – Rs. 200 per camera

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Timing (March to September, except for the period when Forest remains closed)

 1st Shift – 06.00 AM to 07.30 AM (Ticket Issue Timings – 05.30 AM)

 2nd Shift – 08.30 AM to 10.00 AM (Ticket Issue Timings – 06.30 AM)

 3rd Shift – 02.00 PM to 03.30 PM (Ticket Issue Timings – 01.00 PM)

 4th Shift – 04.30 PM to 06.00 PM (Ticket Issue Timings – 02.00 PM)

Timing (October to February)

1st Shift – 06.30 AM to 08.00 AM (Ticket Issue Timings – 06.00 AM)

2nd Shift – 09.00 AM to 10.30 AM (Ticket Issue Timings – 07.00 AM)

3rd Shift – 01.00 PM to 02.30 PM (Ticket Issue Timings – 12.00 PM)

4th Shift – 03.30 PM to 05.00 PM (Ticket Issue Timings – 01.00 PM

How to Reach

By AirNearest airport is Bagdogra airport, about 80 Km from the Gorumara National Park. Bagdogra airport is well connected by road network to Gorumara National Park.

By Rail Nearest railway station is New Maynaguri railway station, about 20 Km from the Gorumara National Park. New Maynaguri railway station is well connected by road network to Gorumara National Park.

By Road Gorumara National Park is well connected to Major Cities and Places by road network. There are a number of government and privately operated vehicles that go to Gorumara National Park at frequent intervals. National Highway 31 which connects Siliguri and Guwahati passes through Lataguri.

Distance from Nearby and Major Cities

Lataguri – about 7 km

Chalsa – about 14 km

Jalpaiguri – about 35 km

Siliguri – about 59 km

Bagdogra – about 80 km

Guwahati – about 405 km

Kolkata – about 615 km

Lucknow – about 970 km

New Delhi – about 1530 km

Accommodation

The forest bungalows are available for stay at Gorumara and Murti. Nature Tourism center is also available for stay.

The forest department provides accommodation at Gorumara Eco Village (at Kalipur), Gorumara elephant camp (at Dhupjhora) and Gormuara Rhino camp (at Ramsai).

The nearby small town Lataguri has many private resorts as well as the Gorumara National Park.

Reservations can be made from West Bengal Tourism Development Corporation, Phone: 91-33-2485917/2488271, Fax: 2485168.

Useful Contacts

Range Officer Gorumara Eco-tourism Range, Lataguri Tel: +91-3561-266340

DFO, Jalpaiguri Wildlife Division II, Aranya Bhavan Jalpaiguri. Tel: +91-561-220017 Website: jalpaiguriwildlife.org

Other National Parks in West Bengal. Name of National Parks, Year of Notification and Total Area is as follows………
S. No. Name of National Park Year of Notification Total Area (km²)
1 Buxa National Park West Bengal 1992 117.10
2 Neora Valley National Park West Bengal 1986 159.89
3 Singalila National Park West Bengal 1986 78.60
4 Jaldapara National Park West Bengal 2014 216.51
5 Sundarbans National Park West Bengal 1984 1330.10

About Vijay Choudhary

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