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Gir National Park – wildlife sanctuary – complete detail – updated

Gir National Park – wildlife sanctuary – complete detail – updated. Dominant flora and fauna of Gir National Park. Geography of Gir National Park. How to reach Gir National Park. Gir National Park is one of the unique park in India. Gir is a beautiful place, located in the the Junagadh district of the state of Gujarat.
Gir NP is a beautiful place. Total area of Gir forest is about 1412 km2.. Gir forest was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1965. The total area of the sanctuary is about 1153.42 km2. Gir forest (258.71 km2. area) was declared as a National park in 1975. The main attraction in the Gir National Park is the Asiatic Lions. Besides lion, various types of wild animals, birds, reptiles are found in Gir forest. The rusty spotted cat has been recorded in the Gir…………….
The topography of Gir supports semi-evergreen and evergreen flora, acacia, scrub jungle, plateaus, valleys, grasslands, isolated hills and rocky hills. Seven major perennial rivers pass through Gir forest, named the Hiran, Saraswati, Datardi, Shingoda, Machhundri, Ghodavadi and Raval.
National park is an area which is strictly reserved for the betterment of the wildlife & biodiversity, and where activities like developmental, forestry, poaching, hunting and grazing on cultivation are not permitted. Their boundaries are well marked and circumscribed.

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Gir National Park

Gir is a beautiful place, located in the Junagadh district of the state of Gujarat. Gir National Park is one of the unique park in India. Total area of Gir forest is about 1412 km2. .

The Gir National Park and wildlife sanctuary is located about 60 km south east in the Junagadh district of Gujarat. Park and wildlife sanctuary also known as Sasan Gir or Gir Van. Gir is the only natural habitat of world popular Asiatic Lions.

Click here to view state wise list of Indian national parks – updated

Gir forest was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1965. The total area of the sanctuary is about 1153.42 km2. Gir forest (258.71 km2. area) was declared as a National park in 1975. Total area of the National park is about 258.71 km2.

The Gir National Park and Sanctuary lie in the south-west of the Saurashtra peninsula in the state of Gujarat. In past, the Gir forest was the hunting reserve of the Nawabs of Junagadh. During the British Raj, lions were hunted mercilessly by the British officers assisted by the obliging Maharajas and Nawabs. In 1900, the famine decreased the lion population so badly that Lord Curzon cancelled his shoot in Gir where he had been invited by the Nawabs for a Shikaar. The Government of India banned the hunting of lion in the year of 1960.

The 14th Asiatic Lion Census 2015 was conducted in May 2015. In 2015, the population has been 523. The population was 411 in 2010 and 359 in 2005. The population of lions in Junagadh District has been 268, Gir Somnath District has been 44, Amreli District has been 174 (highest increase) and Bhavnagar District has been 37. There are 109 males, 201 females and 213 young/cubs.

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Geography

The topography of Gir supports semi-evergreen and evergreen flora, acacia, scrub jungle, plateaus, valleys, grasslands, isolated hills and rocky hills. Semi-arid and deciduous forests clothe around 10 % of Gir towards the east. The rest comprises stunted forests interspersed by hilly grasslands, which are themselves cut by steep rocky ravines. Towards the north, scrublands dominate. Despite the whittling down of the vast habitat that was once Gir, inside the protected area the seeds of natural renewal exist. The eastern forests harbour stunted Acacias, while the northern part supports largely scrubland.

State wise list of Wildlife Sanctuaries of India – updated

Seven major perennial rivers pass through Gir forest, named the Hiran, Saraswati, Datardi, Shingoda, Machhundri, Ghodavadi and Raval. The water from these rivers is key to the survival of the lions and other faunal species.

The Gir forest has large water bodies like the Kamleshwar Dam that are good for marsh crocodiles, reptiles and birds.

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Latitude:
 20° 40′ to 21° 50′ North

Longitude: 70° 50′ to 71° 15′ East

Area

Total area Gir forest – About 1412 Km2

Gir National Park – About 258.71 Km2

Gir Wildlife Sanctuary – About 1153.4 Km2

AltitudeAbout 150 to 530 metres above mean sea level.

Seasons

Winter – October to March

Summer – April to June

Monsoon – July to September

Temperature:       Maximum – 45o C

                             Minimum – 5o C

Rainfall – 600 to 1000 mm

Coordinates – 21°08′08″N and 70°47′48″E

Attractions in the Gir National Park

The main attraction in the Gir National Park is the Asiatic Lions. Besides lion, various types of wild animals, birds, reptiles are found in Gir forest. The rusty spotted cat has been recorded in the Gir.

The Kankai Mata temple and Tulishyam Hot Springs are also very beautiful places to watch in the sanctuary.

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Dominant flora

Teak (Tectona grandis), Dhavdo (Anogeissus latifolia), Khair (Acacia catechu), Sadad (Terminalia crenulata), Timru (Diospyros melanoxylon), Babul (Acacia nilotica), Amla (Phyllanthus emblica), Moledi (Lannea coromandelica), Kadayo (Sterculia urens), Jambun (Syzygium cumini), Karanj (Pongamia pinnata), Umro (Ficus racemosa), Vad (Ficus bengalensis), Kalam (Mitragyna parviflora), Charel (Holeptelia integrifolia), Sirus (Albizzia lebbeck), Amli (Tamarindus indica), Bahedo (Terminalia bellerica), Semal (Bombax ceiba), Bor (Zizyphus mauritiana), Khakhar (Butea monosperma) and Asundro (Bauhinia racemosa).

Dominant fauna

Mammals – Lion, Sambar, Chital, Blue bull, Four-horned antelope, Wild boar, Jackal, Striped Hyena, Jungle cat, Bear, Rusty-spotted cat, Langur, Porcupine, Leopard, Fox, Common mongoose, Indian porcupine, Chinkara, Golden jackals, Desert cat, Blackbucks etc.

Birds – Shrike, Gray Drongo, Pied Woodpecker, Black Ibis, Shaheen Falcon, Bonelli’s Eagle, Great Horned Owl, Tawny eagle, Jungle Bush Quail, Grey Partridge, Nightjar, Black-headed Cuckoo, Painted Sandgrouse, common green pigeon, Crested serpent eagle, orange headed ground thrush, paradise flycatcher, Indian pitta, Shrikes, Drongos, Barbets, Indian Rollers, Grey Partridge etc.

Various species of Reptiles, Arthropods, and Fishes are also found.

Best time to visit

The Sanctuary is open for tourism from 16th October to 15th June every year. The best time to visit the forest is any time between December and April.

Entry Fee

Monday to Friday 

Indians – 800 Rs / 6 Persons + 1 Child

Foreigners – 4,800 Rs / 6 Persons + 1 Child

Saturday and Sunday

Indians – 1000 Rs / 6 Persons + 1 Child

Foreigners – 6000 Rs / 6 Persons + 1 Child

Entry Fee for Festival Days (Christmas, Diwali, and Navaratri)

Monday to Friday 

Indians – 1000 Rs / 6 Persons + 1 Child

Foreigners – 6000 Rs / 6 Persons + 1 Child

Saturday and Sunday

Indians – 1250 Rs / 6 Persons + 1 Child

Foreigners – 7500 Rs / 6 Persons + 1 Child

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The fee for the Gir Interpretation Zone (Devalia Safari Park)

Monday to Friday 

Indians – 150 Rs / 6 Persons + 1 Child

Foreigners – 2400 Rs/ 6 Persons + 1 Child

Saturday and Sunday

Indians – 190 Rs/ 6 Persons + 1 Child

Foreigners – 3000 Rs/ 6 Persons + 1 Child

Entry Fee for Festival Days (Christmas, Diwali, and Navaratri)

Monday to Friday 

Indians – 190 Rs/ 6 Persons + 1 Child

Foreigners – 3000 Rs/ 6 Persons + 1 Child

Saturday and Sunday

Indians – 240 Rs/ 6 Persons + 1 Child

Foreigners – 3750 Rs/ 6 Persons + 1 Child

Fee Jeep Safari     –   Entry Fee for Indians: 4000 Rs. Up to 6 persons (+1 child)
Entry Fee for Foreigners: 10000 Rs. Up to 6 persons (+1 child)

Only 1 child between 3 to 12 years will be allowed.

Click here to view State wise list of Indian state birds (symbols) – updated

How to Reach

By airNearest airport is Keshod airport located About 60 km from the Gir National Park. It is well connected by road to Gir National park.

By Rail: Nearest railway station is Junagadh railway station located About 65 km from the Gir National Park. Junagadh railway station is well connected by road to Gir National park.

By road:  Desert National Park is connected to Major Cities and Places by road network. There are a number of government and privately operated vehicles that go to Gir National park at frequent intervals.

Distance from Major Cities or Places

Ahmedabad – About 895 km

Rajkot – About 160 km

Junagadh – About 65 km

Veraval – About 43 km

Rajkot – About 160 km

Diu – About 100 km

Other National Parks in Gujarat. Name of National Parks, Year of Notification and Total Area is as follows…
S. No. Name of National Park Year of Notification Total Area (km²)
1 Bansda National Park 1979 23.99
2 Blackbuck National Park 1976 34.53
3 Marine (Gulf of Kachchh) National Park 1982 162.89

About Vijay Choudhary

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