Breaking News
Home » Environmental science » Environmental Education and Policy » Dudhwa National Park complete detail – updated

Dudhwa National Park complete detail – updated

Dudhwa National Park complete detail – updated. Geography of Dudhwa National Park. Dominant flora and fauna of Dudhwa National Park. How to Reach Dudhwa National Park. 
Total area of the park is about 490 Km2. It was established as National Park in the year of 1977. The national park plays a pivotal role in maintaining a vital ecological balance and biodiversity in the region. 
The park is home to Tiger, Rhinoceros, Swamp deer, Elephant, Sambar, Hog deer, Cheetal, and common mongoose etc. The park is also inhabited by rattling diversity of birds, including Swamp Francolin, Bengal Florican and Great Slaty Woodpecker.
National park is an area which is strictly reserved for the betterment of the wildlife & biodiversity, and where activities like developmental, forestry, poaching, hunting and grazing on cultivation are not permitted. Their boundaries are well marked and circumscribed.

416376

Dudhwa National park is a beautiful place, located in the Lakhimpur-Kheri district of the state of Uttar Pradesh. Dudhwa National park is a part of Dudhwa Tiger Reserve. It was established as National Park in the year of 1977. Total area of the park is about 490 Km2.

This region comes under the sub Himalayan area called as Terai belt. This Terai region is acknowledged as the most endangered ecosystems throughout the world.

The area of the Park is composed of a vast alluvial plain along the tributaries of Mohana and Suheli, interspersed with numerous rivulets, lakes and pools.

Click here to view state wise list of Indian national parks – updated

The rich and extremely fertile Indo-Gangetic plains support a flamboyant growth of forests diversity of fauna. The park has some of the best forests of ‘Sal’ tree in the world.

The Dudhwa National Park along with Katerniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary and Kishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary displays an amazing diversity of flora and fauna. The protected areas of the national park and the two wildlife sanctuaries together form the Dudhwa Tiger Reserve under Project Tiger.

Dudhwa National Park is a home to more than 38 species of mammals, 90 species of fish, 400 species of birds and 16 species of reptiles.

The park is home to Tiger, Rhinoceros, Swamp deer, Elephant, Sambar, Hog deer, Cheetal and common mongoose etc.

The park is also inhabited by rattling diversity of birds, including Swamp Francolin, Bengal Florican and Great Slaty Woodpecker. Also, one can get to see sarus cranes, cormorants, heron, Minivets, kingfishers, orioles, and bulbuls.

The main attraction of the park is its Swamp Deers (Barasingha) and Tigers. The park is famous for untiring efforts of ‘Billy’ Arjan Singh, the conservationist who played an instrumental role in creation of Dudhwa as sanctuary for Swamp Deer.

Lakes and rivers inside the national park provide freshwater for the reserve throughout the year. Tributaries of the Ghagra River flow through the park. The water bodies also support a wide variety of wildlife like turtles, crocodiles and Gangetic dolphins.

The national park plays a pivotal role in maintaining a vital ecological balance and biodiversity in the region. It is popular among bird watchers, wildlife watchers and photographers.

415417

History

The Post-Independence era witnessed tremendous encroachment towards the Dudhwa jungle. Menacing malarial mosquitoes, recurrent plague and oppressive famines were associated with the region, making it rather inhospitable to humans, but just perfect for wildlife.

By the 1950s, the marshes and grasslands were largely replaced by sugarcane and paddy. Under the guise of crop protection, the tiger and the Gond, which is the local name for the barasingha, suffered terribly at the hands of poachers.

In 1968, Billy Arjan Singh, operating out of his farm in Kheri, which he christened ‘Tiger Haven’, began his battle to protect Dudhwa. Arjan Singh approached the erstwhile prime minister, Indira Gandhi to declare the forest as a National park. His efforts resulted in an area of 212 sq. km. being declared as ‘Dudhwa Sanctuary’ in the same year.

The area was established in 1958 as a wildlife sanctuary. It was declared as a National Park in the year of 1977. In 1987, the park was declared a Tiger Reserve and brought under the purview of the Project Tiger. Both Kishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary and Katarniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary also the part of Dudhwa Tiger Reserve.

Geography

Dudhwa National park is located in the Lakhimpur-Kheri district of the state of Uttar Pradesh. Dudhwa National park is a part of Dudhwa Tiger Reserve. Total area of the park is about 490 Km2.

This region comes under the sub Himalayan area called as Terai belt. This Terai region is acknowledged as the most endangered ecosystems throughout the world.

The land of the park is comprised of a diverse alluvial plain beside the streams of Suheli and Mohana, scattered with enormous lakes, pools and rivulets.

The rich and extremely fertile Indo-Gangetic plains support a flamboyant growth of forests diversity of fauna. The park has some of the best forests of ‘Sal’ tree in the world.

From dense forests and mosaic grasslands to muddy marshes, the topography of Dudhwa National Park, is as varied as the wildlife population it has.

From mosaic grasslands and dense sal forests to swampy marshes, the terrain of Dudhwa National Park is as diverse as the wildlife population it harbors. While the northern edge of the Park lies along the Indo-Nepal border, the River Suheli marks the southern boundary.

Sal with Shisham, Jamun, Sehore and Gular trees comprise this national park which has been categorized as a tropical semi-evergreen, deciduous, dry-deciduous and swamp forest.

The grasslands make up about 20 per cent of this park. The wetlands here comprise a third of the major habitat with marshes, rivers, lakes and streams that are either perennial or dry up during the summer months and fill up after the monsoons.

Lakes and rivers inside the national park provide freshwater for the reserve throughout the year. Tributaries of the Ghagra River flow through the park. The national park plays a pivotal role in maintaining a vital ecological balance and biodiversity in the region.

385373

Dominant flora

Sal, Semal, Khair, Siras, Haldu, Tun, Teak, Sisam, Eucalyptus, Silvery munj, Red retwa, Narkul, Cotton like Kans etc.

Dominant fauna

MammalsTiger, Rhinoceros, Swamp deer, Elephant, Hog deer, Civet, Cheetal, Wild pig, Rhesus monkey, Langur, Sloth bear, Blue bull, Porcupine, Sambar, Jackal, Barking deer, Leopard cat, Fishing cat etc.

Reptiles – Turtles, Python, Monitor lizard, Mugger, Gharial etc.

Birds – Hornbill, Red Jungle Fowl, Peafowl, Black-necked Storks, White-necked Storks, Black Storks, White Storks, Fishing eagle, Bengal Florican, Serpent eagle, Osprey, Great Horned Owl, the Forest Eagle Owl, the Brown Fish Owl, the Tawny Fish Owl, the Dusky Horned Owl, Paradise flycatcher, Woodpeckers, Shama, Indian Pitta, Bengal Florican, Orioles, Emerald dove etc.

Other Attractions

Banke Tal

Frog Temple

Best time to visit

The best time of the year to visit the Dudhwa National Park is between the months of November to May.

The park remains open to public from 15th November to 15th June, though the months of May and June are a little too hot for comfort.

Fee

Entry Fee – Rs. 50/- Per Person/Trip

Vehicle Entry Fee – Rs. 150/-

Park timings are from 7 to 10 AM and 3 to 6 PM

355341

How to Reach

By AirNearest airport is Lucknow airport, about 220 Km from the Dudhwa National Park. Lucknow airport is well connected by road network to Dudhwa National Park.

By Rail Nearest railway station is Dudhwa railway station, about 04 Km from the Dudhwa National Park. Dudhwa railway station is well connected by road network to Dudhwa National Park.

By Road Dudhwa National Park is well connected to Major Cities and Places by road network. There are a number of government and privately operated vehicles that go to Dudhwa National Park at frequent intervals.

Distance from Nearby and Major Cities

Lucknow – about 220 Km

Chennai – about 2200 Km

Delhi – about 400 Km

Mumbai – about 1620 Km

Kolkata – about 1150 Km

Ahmedabad – about 1220 Km

Bengaluru – about 2140 Km

Chandigarh – about 600 Km

Hyderabad – about 1580 Km

Accommodation

The forest department has rest houses at several locations. The Bankati Forest Rest House has 4 suites equipped with electricity. Dudhwa Forest Rest House with 4 suites and 25 beds in a dormitory has electricity as well as bedding facilities.

For reservations at any of these rest houses, contact: Field Director, Project Tiger, Dudhwa National Park, Lakhimpur-Kheri – 262701. Tel.: 05872-2106.

Accommodation Rates: (Per Cottage per Night for Indians) at Dudhwa – INR 3000/- for Double Occupancy & INR 2000/- for Single Occupancy

Accommodation Rates: (Per Cottage per Night for Foreigners) at Dudhwa – INR 4800/- for Double Occupancy & INR 3000/- for Single Occupancy

Useful Contact

Uttar Pradesh Tourism Helpline. Tel.: 0522-3303030

Chief Conservator of Forests (Wildlife), 17, Rana Pratap Marg, Lucknow – 226001. Tel.: 0522-2206168; Fax: 0522-2236053.

Principal Secretary, Forests, Uttar Pradesh, 6th Floor, Governance Bapu Building, Lucknow. Tel.: 0522-2238669/ 2214564; Fax: 0522-2235206.

Field Director, Project Tiger, Dudhwa Tiger Reserve, Lakhimpur-Kheri – 262001. Tel.: 05872-252106.

About Vijay Choudhary

Check Also

516

List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India – updated

List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India – updated. How many UNESCO World Heritage Sites in …

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.