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Guidelines under Section 38-o (c) of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 for Project Tiger , 2 Tiger conservation.
- The Central Government, through the Ministry of Environment and Forests provides technical guidance and financial support to various State Governments, inter alia, for tiger conservation.
- The State Governments are responsible for day-to-day management and implementing the policies and plans relating to wildlife conservation.
- “Project Tiger”, now ongoing as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme, was launched by the Government of India in 1973 in nine reserves of different States (Assam, Bihar, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal) over an area of approximately 14,000 sq. km. Since then, the project coverage has expanded considerably to 41 tiger reserves (TR), encompassing an area of around 63874.68 sq.km. in 17 tiger States with 35123.95 sq.km. of notified core/ critical tiger habitats and 28750.73 sq.km. of buffer / peripheral areas in 17 tiger States. This amounts to 2% of the country’s geographical area. The total core/critical tiger habitat of 41 tiger reserves amount to 5.2% of the country’s forest cover. There are 668 protected areas in the country (September, 2012), out of which 41 have been designated as core/critical tiger habitats (6%). The in-principle approval has been accorded by the National Tiger Conservation Authority for creation of five new tiger reserves, and the sites are:, Pilibhit (Uttar Pradesh), Ratapani (Madhya Pradesh), Sunabeda (Odisha), Mukundara Hills (including Darrah, Jawahar Sagar and Chambal Wildlife Sanctuaries) (Rajasthan) and Satyamangalam (Tamil Nadu). Final approval has also been accorded to Kudremukh (Karnataka) for declaring as a tiger reserve. Also the concerned State Governments have been advised to send proposals for declaring the following areas as tiger reserves: (i) Bor (Maharashtra), (ii) Suhelwa (Uttar Pradesh), (iii) Nagzira-Navegaon (Maharashtra), (iv) Guru Ghasidas National Park (Chhattisgarh), (v) Mhadei Sanctuary (Goa) and Srivilliputhur Grizzled Giant Squirrel / Megamalai Wildlife Sanctuaries / Varushanadu Valley (Tamil Nadu).......................................
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