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Dibru-Saikhowa National Park – complete detail – updated

Dibru-Saikhowa National Park – complete detail – updated. Dominant flora and fauna of Dibru-Saikhowa National Park. Geography of Dibru-Saikhowa National Park. How to reach Dibru-Saikhowa National Park. It is the largest Salix swamp forest in north east India………..
Dibru-Saikhowa National Park is a beautiful place, located in the Tinsukia district of the state of Assam. Total area of the park is about 340 Km2. Dibru-Saikhowa wildlife Sanctuary was declared as a National park in the year of 1999
Dibru-Saikhowa is a safe haven for many extremely rare and endangered species of wild life including over 300 avifauna both endangered and migratory, as well as various species of shrubs, herbs and rare medicinal plants. Some rare and endangered animals of this park are Hoolock gibbon, capped langur, slow loris, water buffalo, tiger, elephant, gangetic river dolphin etc.
National park is an area which is strictly reserved for the betterment of the wildlife & biodiversity, and where activities like developmental, forestry, poaching, hunting and grazing on cultivation are not permitted. Their boundaries are well marked and circumscribed.

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Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

Dibru-Saikhowa National Park is a beautiful place, located in the Tinsukia district of the state of Assam.

This was declared a wildlife Sanctuary in 1986 by the government of Assam by uniting two Reserve forest, viz., Dibru and Saikhowa including some other areas. Dibru-Saikhowa wildlife Sanctuary was declared as a National park in 1999. Total area of the park is about 340 Km2.

Dibru-Saikhowa National Park is one of the 19 biodiversity hotspots in the world. It is also a biosphere reserve.

The park is bounded by the Brahmaputra River and Arunachal hills in the north and Dibru and Patkai hills on the south. It mainly consists of semi wet evergreen forests, tropical moist deciduous forest, bamboo, cane brakes and grasslands. Situated in the flood plains of Brahmaputra, at an altitude of about 118 m above sea level.

Click here to view state wise list of Indian national parks – updated

The vegetation consists of various species of herbs, medicinal plants and shrubs. The forest consists of beautiful pine vegetation and other tropical trees.

Dibru-Saikhowa is a safe haven for many extremely rare and endangered species of wild life including over 300 avifauna both endangered and migratory, as well as various species of shrubs, herbs and rare medicinal plants.

The Dibru- Saikhowa National Park, Assam is also an ideal place for various adventure sports. The rugged landscape of the forest is ideal for trekking and mountain hiking trips.

Though the park was primarily meant for the conservation of White winged wood duck in its natural habitat, it is also the famous for its bright colored wild horses known as Feral Horses. A total of about 36 species of mammals have so far been recorded in the park, of which 12 are listed in the Scheduled 1 of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

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Some rare and endangered animals of this park are Hoolock gibbon, capped langur, slow loris, water buffalo, tiger, elephant, gangetic river dolphin etc.

It is popular among bird watchers as it is an abode to and welcomes several extremely rare and endangered endemic and migratory birds. Bird life consists of Spot billed pelican, White bellied heron, Pallah’s fishing eagle, Pale capped pigeon, Swamp francolin etc. and migratory birds like Geyleg goose, Brahmini duck, Bar-headed goose, pelican, Black stork etc.

History

The area was declared as Dibru Reserve Forest in 1890.  The additional area was added to the Dibru Reserve Forest in 1920 and 1933. In 1929, Saikhowa Reserve Forest was declared.

This was declared a wildlife Sanctuary (650 Km2) in 1986 by the government of Assam by uniting two Reserve forest, viz., Dibru and Saikhowa including some other areas. In 1997, Dibru-Saikhowa Biosphere Reserve was declared with and area of 765 km2 that included the 340 km2 of Sanctuary area as the core.

State wise list of Wildlife Sanctuaries of India – updated

Dibru-Saikhowa wildlife Sanctuary was declared as a National park in 1999. Total area of the park is about 340 Km2. In past the park was originally created to help conserve the habitat of the rare White winged wood duck.

Geography

It lies between 27°30′ N to 27°45′ N latitude and 95°10′ E to 95°45’E longitude at an average altitude of about 118 m above sea level. The park is mainly consists of semi wet evergreen forests, tropical moist deciduous forest, bamboo, cane brakes and grasslands.

Dibru-Saikhowa is an area of grassland and swamp forest sandwiched between the Brahmaputra and Dibru rivers in the east of Assam. Contained between these rivers, the park is a 340sq km reserve, which was set up with a view to protecting the grassland and swamp habitat on the flood plains of the Brahmaputra River.

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It is located at about 13 km north of Tinsukia town and about 515 km from Guwahati and is bounded by the Brahmaputra River and Arunachal hills in the north and Dibru River and Patkai hills on the south.

It is the largest Salix swamp forest in north east India. Dibru Saikhowa has tropical monsoon climate with a hot and wet summer and cool and usually dry winter.

Dibru-Saikhowa National Park is divided into nine distinct zones one of which is a wetland while dense forests occupy the remaining portions. The sparkling, sylvan wetlands paint a picture of rare beauty as the gleam like a mirage of quicksilver under the playful saffron sunbeams.

The climate is tropical. Summers are hot and wet whereas winters are cold and dry. The annual temperature ranges from a minimum of 7°C and to a maximum of 34°C.

Rainfall – 2300 mm to 3800 mm.

Coordinates:   27°40’53″N to 95°20’51″E

Dominant flora

Tetrasperma, Dillenia indica, Bombax ceiba, Lagerstroemia parviflora, Terminalia myriocarpa, Mesua ferrea, Dalbergia sissoo, Dibru-Saikhowa, Arundo donax, Imperata cylindrica, Phragmaties karka, Erianthus ravanea etc.

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Dominant fauna

MammalsFeral Horses, Hoolock gibbon, Capped langur, Slow loris, Water buffalo, Tiger, Elephant, Gangetic river dolphin, , Leopard, Clouded Leopard, Jungle Cat, Sloth Bear, Dhole, Small Indian Civet, Malayan Giant Squirrel, Chinese Pangolin, Gangetic Dolphin, Slow Loris, Pig Tailed Macaque, Assamese Macaque, Rhesus Macaque, Capped Langur, Wild Boar, Sambar, and Hog Deer, barking Deer etc.

BirdsWhite-winged wood duck, Spot billed pelican, White bellied heron, Pallah’s fishing eagle, Pale capped pigeon, Swamp francolin, Geyleg goose, Brahmini duck, Bar-headed goose, Pelican, Lesser Adjutant Stork, Great Grebe, Indian Shag, Grey Heron, Purple Heron, Night Heron, Yellow Bittern, Open bill Stork, Black Stork, Crested Serpent Eagle, Spot Billed Pelican, Greater Spotted Eagle, Bengal Florican etc.

Best Time to Visit

November to April is the best season to visit Dibru Saikhowa National Park.

How to Reach

By AirNearest airport is Mohanbari (Dibrugarh) airport, about 40 Km from the Dibru-Saikhowa National Park. Mohanbari (Dibrugarh) airport is well connected by road to Dibru-Saikhowa National Park.

By Rail Nearest railway station is Dibrugarh railway station. Dibrugarh railway station is well connected by road to Dibru-Saikhowa National Park.

By Road Dibru-Saikhowa National Park is well connected to Major Cities and Places by road network. Buses can be taken to the town of Tinsukia which is well connected with Dibrugarh town by NH. 37 and the distance is 55 km.

There are a number of government and privately operated vehicles that go to Dibru-Saikhowa National Park at frequent intervals.

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Distance from Nearby and Major Cities

Tinsukia: about 45 km

Dibrugarh: about 91 km

Guwahati: about 529 km

Manipur: about 582 km

Sikkim: about 1059 km

Kolkata: about 1577 km

Lucknow: about 1834 km

Delhi: about 2393 km

Important Contact

Divisional Forest Officer, Tinsukia Wildlife Division, Tinsukia
P.O. /Dist. Tinsukia (Assam)
Pin: 786126
Phone: 0374-331472(O)

Other National Parks in Assam. Name of National Parks, Year of Notification and Total Area is as follows………….
S. No. Name of National Park Year of Notification Total Area (km²)
1 Kaziranga National Park Assam 1974 858.98
2 Manas National Park Assam 1990 500
3 Nameri National Park Assam 1998 200
4 Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park Assam 1999 78.81

About Vijay Choudhary

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