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Description of Serow (Capricornis sumatraensis) Saza

Serow (Capricornis sumatraensis) Saza complete detail. Description of Serow (Capricornis sumatraensis) Saza. Habit and habitat of Serow. Distribution of Serow. They prefer mountainous areas at altitudes of between 200 to 3,050 meter.
They are exceedingly active animal. They found from Kashmir to the Mishmi Hills in Assam, eastwards through the hill ranges of Yunan and Szechuan, the hills of Burma, Siam, Malay Peninsula, and Sumatra.
Head to body length measures about 90 to 150 cm. The length of tail about 8 to 16 cm. They are about 80 to 94 cm high at the shoulder. The weight of male Serow is between 50 to 140 kg, and weight of female is between 30 to 70 kg. They have short fairly bushy tail, and brownish black eyes. Nose skin is sensitive and bright brown-black in color. The ears are long, narrow and pointed, and brownish black in color. Both sexes are similar in appearance, with both bearing stout, slightly curved horns……….
The breeding season occurs between the months of October and November. They mark their territories by rubbing a secretion from their preorbital glands on rocks. The age of sexual maturity is between 2 to 3 years. The gestation period is between 205 to 230 days. They usually gives birth to 1 offspring.

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Distinctive Identification

Serow is a Schedule – I animal, according to wildlife (Protection) act, 1972 and classified as Vulnerable (VU) by the IUCN.

Head to body length measures about 90 to 150 cm. The length of tail about 8 to 16 cm. They are about 80 to 94 cm high at the shoulder. The weight of male Serow is between 50 to 140 kg, and weight of female is between 30 to 70 kg.

Serow is a beautiful animal, with uniquely distinctive pointing horns, length measures about 15 to 25 cm. The horns usually have a slight curve.

They have a dark grey or black or brown colored coat, with short body and long legs. The upper parts are dark grey or black or brown with paler appearance, and the underparts are lighter in color with more paler appearance.

The black color passes into rusty red on the shoulders, flanks, and lower things, and turns a dirty grey on the inside of the limbs and belly.

The hair of the coat is long and coarse, and a long mane of white, brown or black occurs on the neck. The face bears large scent glands below the eyes.

The head is narrow and strong, and the legs are long and strong, and lighter in color. The neck is thick and the limbs are short. They have short fairly bushy tail, and brownish black eyes. Nose skin is sensitive and bright brown-black in color.

The ears are long, narrow and pointed, and brownish black in color. Both sexes are similar in appearance, with both bearing stout, slightly curved horns.

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Classification

Common Name – Sumatran serow / Serow

Local Name – Saza / Gya

Zoological Name – Capricornis sumatraensis

Kingdom – Animalia

Phylum – Chordata

Class – Mammalia

Order – Cetartiodactyla

Family – Bovidae

Sub-family – Caprinae

Genus – Capricornis

Conservational Status – Schedule – I, according to wildlife (Protection) act, 1972 and classified as Vulnerable (VU) by the IUCN.

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Distribution

They found from Kashmir to the Mishmi Hills in Assam, eastwards through the hill ranges of Yunan and Szechuan, the hills of Burma, Siam, Malay Peninsula, and Sumatra.

Habit and habitat

They prefer mountainous areas at altitudes of between 200 to 3,050 meter. They inhabit mainly in forests and is frequently found near cliffs.

They live in the recesses of thickly wooded gorges whose boulder strewn slopes and shallow caves give shelter from the weather.

They are exceedingly active animal, not only on rocks but also on flat ground. Their call is a whistling scream.

Serow is a herbivores animal, they feed on grasses, herbs, and the leaves, shoots, and twigs of trees and shrubs, during the early morning and late evening.

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During the heat of the day, the Serow takes shelter among the rocks, in caves, under overhanging rocks or cliffs, or in dense underbrush.

They are good climbers, and they clambering easily along well-defined trails on mountain slopes.

They are solitary creatures, sometime found in small groups or in pairs. A single pair will often stay together for multiple years.

They mark their territories by rubbing a secretion from their preorbital glands on rocks. They also marked their territories with trails, dung heaps, and scents.

The breeding season occurs between the months of October and November. The age of sexual maturity is between 2 to 3 years.

The gestation period is between 205 to 230 days. They usually gives birth to 1 offspring. The average lifespan of Serow is between 10 to 20 years.

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