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Description of Mrs. Hume’s pheasant – Syrmaticus humiae

Mrs. Hume’s pheasant (Syrmaticus humiae) complete detail. Description of Mrs. Hume’s pheasant – Syrmaticus humiae. Habit and habitat of Mrs. Hume’s pheasant. Distribution of Mrs. Hume’s pheasant. They prefer open areas, forest habitats and the forested mountain areas at 1000 to 2500 meter elevation.
Size of adult male Mrs. Hume’s pheasant is between 80 to 90 cm including the tail and the length of female is between is between 50 to 60 cm including the tail. The male has a long silvery-grey or greyish white tail, with black and chestnut bars. Male has dark greyish-purple hood and inner wing-coverts. The iris is brownish orange in color. They have white wing bars and metallic blue neck feathers. Male distinguished by the deep chestnut color of its abdomen and flanks, and the glossy steel-blue luster of its throat, neck, upper breast and wing bar………
Mrs. Hume’s pheasant has greyish brown or purple head, with chestnut brown plumage. Breeding season is between February to July. Nest is a relatively slight platform of leaves, twigs and feathers. Eggs 6 to 12, creamy white in color. Incubated by  female only.

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Click here to view State wise list of Indian state birds (symbols) – updated

Distinctive Identification

Mrs. Hume’s pheasant is a Schedule – I bird, according to wildlife (Protection) act, 1972 and classified as Near Threatened (NT) by the IUCN.

Size of adult male Mrs. Hume’s pheasant is between 80 to 90 cm including the tail and the length of female is between is between 50 to 60 cm including the tail. The weight of adult male is between 900 to 1080 g, and the weight of female is between 650 to 850 g.

Mrs. Hume’s pheasant has greyish brown or purple head, with chestnut brown plumage. The bill is yellowish grey. Male has red facial skin. The lower back and rump are boldly barred dark blue and white.

The back and wings are a rich metallic chestnut-bronze with purplish tinge, with three conspicuous white or dirty white bars on the upper wing. In stark contrast to this rich russet color.

The male has a long silvery-grey or greyish white tail, with black and chestnut bars. Male has dark greyish-purple hood and inner wing-coverts.

The iris is brownish orange in color. They have white wing bars and metallic blue neck feathers.

Male distinguished by the deep chestnut color of its abdomen and flanks, and the glossy steel-blue luster of its throat, neck, upper breast and wing bar.

Female is chestnut brown or greyish-buff with brown, black and tan markings, with whitish grey throat, buff color belly and white-tipped tail.

Female with whitish streaks above, reduced white wing-bars and warm brown below scaled whitish from breast down.

Both the sexes have long graduated tail and red facial skin.

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Classification

Common Name – Mrs. Hume’s pheasant

Local Lame – Nongin

Zoological Name – Syrmaticus humiae

Kingdom – Animalia

Phylum – Chordata

Class – Aves

Order – Galliformes

Family – Phasianidae

Subfamily – Phasianinae

Genus – Syrmaticus

Conservational Status – Schedule – I, according to wildlife (Protection) act, 1972 and classified as Near Threatened (NT) by the IUCN.

Distribution

They are (Mrs. Hume’s pheasant) endemic to China, Myanmar, Thailand, Burma and India. In India, they found in Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh.

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Habit and habitat

They prefer open areas, forest habitats and the forested mountain areas at 1000 to 2500 meter elevation.

They inhabits open dry evergreen, coniferous and mixed coniferous-broadleaf forests on steep rocky hillsides, interrupted by scrub and grassy clearings.

They feed on fruit, seeds, leaves, buds and roots, they also feed on worms, snails and insects. The hen lays three to twelve creamy white eggs in a nest made of leaves, twigs and feathers.

Call of Mrs. Hume’s pheasant is crowing cher-a-per, cher-a-per, cher…cher…, cheria…cheria…,and they also cackling waaak notes and sharp tuk tuk or chuck..chuck.. when alarmed.

Click here to view State wise list of Indian state animals (symbols) – updated

Breeding season is between February to July. Age of sexual maturity is between 10 to 14 months. Nest is a relatively slight platform of leaves, twigs and feathers.

Eggs 6 to 12, creamy white in color. Incubated by female only. Incubation period is between 26 to 28.

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