State Tree of Andhra Pradesh – Neem (Azadirachta Indica). Description and Medicinal Uses of Azadirachta Indica (Neem). Classification of Neem (Azadirachta Indica). All parts of Neem tree used as anthelmintic, anti-fungal, anti-diabetic, antibacterial, antiviral, contraceptive and sedative.
Neem is a fast-growing tree that can reach a height of 15–20 m, rarely to 35–40 m. It is evergreen, but in severe drought it may shed most or nearly all of its leaves. Azadirachta indica is variously known as Sacred Tree.
Neem seed pulp is useful for methane gas production. Its wood is used to make the furniture. The bark of the yields and the fiber that is woven into ropes.
Common Name – Neem
Botanical Name – Azadirachta Indica
Kingdom – Plantae
Division – Magnoliophyta
Class – Magnoliopsida
Order – Sapindales
Genus – Azadirachta
Species – A. indica
Family – Meliaceae
Azadirachta indica is a tree in the mahogany family Meliaceae. It is one of two species in the genus Azadirachta, and is native to India, Burma, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Malaysia and Pakistan, growing in tropical and semi-tropical regions.
Neem is a fast-growing tree that can reach a height of 15–20 m, rarely to 35–40 m. It is evergreen, but in severe drought it may shed most or nearly all of its leaves. The branches are wide spread.
It blossoms in spring with the small white flowers. It has a straight trunk. Its bark is hard rough and scaly, fissured even in small trees. The color of the bark is brown grayish. The leaves are alternate and consist of several leaflets with serrated edges. Its flowers are small and white in color. The olive like edible fruit is oval, round and thin skinned.
The Neem tree is noted for its drought resistance. Normally it thrives in areas with sub-arid to sub-humid conditions. Neem is a life-giving tree. It is one of the very few shade-giving trees that thrive in the drought-prone areas. The trees are not at all delicate about the water quality and thrive on the merest trickle of water, whatever the quality.
Azadirachta indica is variously known as Sacred Tree, Heal all, Village Pharmacy and Panacea for all diseases. Products made from Neem tree have been used in India for over two millennia for their medicinal properties.
All parts of Neem tree used as anthelmintic, anti-fungal, anti-diabetic, antibacterial, antiviral, contraceptive and sedative. Neem tree is used in many medicinal treatment like skin diseases, healthy hair, improve liver function, detoxify the blood, Pest and disease control, fever reduction, dental treatments, cough, asthma, ulcers, piles, intestinal worms, urinary diseases etc.
Oil of Neem used in soap, shampoo, balms and creams as well as toothpaste. Small branches of Neem used as toothbrush. Neem oil also useful for skin care such as acne treatment, and keeping skin elasticity. Neem oil has been found to be an effective mosquito repellent. All parts of this tree also used in pharmacy companies for making different types of drugs.
Neem gum is used as a bulking agent and for the preparation of special purpose food (for diabetics). Aqueous extracts of Neem leaves have demonstrated significant anti-diabetic potential.
Neem leaf paste is applied to the skin to treat acne, and in a similar vein is used for measles and chicken sufferers. Practitioners of traditional Indian medicine recommend that patients suffering from chicken pox sleep on Neem leaves. A decoction prepared from Neem roots is ingested to relieve fever in traditional Indian medicine.
Neem products are cheap and non-toxic to higher animals and most beneficial insects, they are well-suited for pest control in rural areas.
Neem tree is of great importance for its anti-desertification properties and possibly as a good carbon dioxide sinks. Neem is considered as the useful tree in rehabilitating the waste land areas.
Neem seed pulp is useful for methane gas production. It is also useful as carbohydrate which is rich base for other industrial fermentations. Neem bark contains tannins which are used in tanning and dyeing.
Its wood is used to make the furniture. The bark of the yields, and the fiber that is woven into ropes. Neem cake is widely used in India as fertilizer for sugarcane, vegetable and other cash crops. Many countries have been consistently growing the Neem tree against the global warming.