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Common kingfisher (Alcedo atthis) complete detail – updated

Common kingfisher (Alcedo atthis) complete detail – updated. Description of Common kingfisher (Alcedo atthis). Classification of Common kingfisher (Alcedo atthis). Habit and habitat of Common kingfisher. Common kingfisher is commonly found by streams, village tanks, roadside puddles, kutclui wells, brackish backwaters.
 Common kingfisher is a medium sized colorful bird. Upper parts are bright metallic blue, including the head. The flight of the Kingfisher is rapid. They are omnivores. Both sexes are very similar, but the male’s bill is all bluish black while the female’s is black with orangish red on the lower mandible. They feed on fishes, aquatic insects, prawns, crabs, tadpoles, water beetles and crustaceans, including freshwater shrimps. Common Kingfisher performs low, direct flight. The flight of the Kingfisher is rapid, the short rounded wings whirring until they appear a mere blur……….
The nesting and breeding season is between March to September. The male and female work together to dig a hole into a bank along a water source. Eggs 4 to 7, white, smooth and glossy, and are almost round. Incubation periods is between 18 to 22 days. Both sexes share in……………..

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Click here to view State wise list of Indian state birds (symbols) – updated

Distinctive Identification

Size between 15 cm. to 18 cm. Weigh between 30 to 40 g., and have a wingspan of 23-26 cm. Common kingfisher is a medium sized colorful bird. Upper parts are bright metallic blue, including the head. The back is cobalt and one can see greenish reflections on the head and wings. The underparts are rufous-orange, slightly darker on flanks.

Crown and malar stripe are blue, finely spotted with paler blue and black. Lores and ear-coverts are rufous-orange.

Their wings are bluish green, finely spotted with turquoise on greater coverts and the tail is bright blue in color. They have blue head with the white mark on either side of it. They have short legs which are colored in orange.

The plumage below is orange. The ear coverts and under parts are warm chestnut, the chin and sides of neck white.

The bill is bluish and reddish orange at the base. The immature bird have black bills.

Both sexes are very similar, but the male’s bill is all bluish black while the female’s is black with orangish red on the lower mandible.

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Classification

Common Name – Common kingfisher

Zoological Name – Alcedo atthis

Kingdom – Animalia

Phylum – Chordata

Class – Aves

Order – Coraciiformes

Family – Alcedinidae

Genus – Alcedo

Conservational Status – Schedule – IV (Least Concern (LC) According to IUCN Red List)

Distribution

Common kingfisher is found throughout Europe and Asia as far east as Japan. They are also found in Africa, south of the Sahara. Common kingfishers are year-long residents in their southern habitats, while northern populations travel south during the winter to escape freezing water.

Common kingfisher also found throughout India and Burma.

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Habit and habitat

Common kingfisher is commonly found by streams, village tanks, roadside puddles, kutclui wells, brackish backwaters.

Common Kingfishers inhabit clear, slow-flowing streams, rivers, mangrove creeks, swamps and lakes which are surrounded by copious amounts of vegetation.

The commonest call is a shrill whistle “chi-keeeee”. The Common Kingfisher’s flight call is a sharp, brief whistle, sounding like a “chee-chee-chee”.

Common kingfisher is a omnivores bird.  They feed on fishes, aquatic insects, prawns, crabs, tadpoles, water beetles and crustaceans, including freshwater shrimps.

Common Kingfisher performs low, direct flight. The flight of the Kingfisher is rapid, the short rounded wings whirring until they appear a mere blur.

The nesting and breeding season is between March to September. Favorite sites are the banks of streams, tanks and ditches into which are burrowed horizontal tunnels about 2 inches in diameter and from a foot to 4 feet in length, terminating in a widened nest chamber 5 or 6 inches across. The male and female work together to dig a hole into a bank along a water source.

Eggs 4 to 7, white, smooth and glossy, and are almost round. Incubation periods is between 18 to 22 days. Both sexes share in excavating the nest-tunnel, incubation and feeding the young.

Click here to view State wise list of Indian state animals (symbols) – updated

Both sexes will incubate during the day, only the female at night. Both have active roles in brooding and feeding the young, but the female does most of the work.

The young’s are fed by both adults and fledge in about 23-25 days or more. They perform their first dive four days later. They become independent very soon and leave the breeding territory.

Average lifespan is between 6 to 10 years.

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