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Buxa National Park complete detail – updated

Buxa National Park complete detail – updated. Geography of Buxa National Park. Dominant flora and fauna of Buxa National Park. How to Reach Buxa National Park. It is an ideal place for the wild life lovers. The Buxa Fort is situated on the Sinchula Range and is a vantage point in the mountains. It was captured by the British in 1865 in the Second Dooars War between Bhutan…………….
Total area of the park is 117.10 Km2. It was established as a National Park in the year of 1992. The park also provide suitable habitat to many species of birds like Greater Pied Hornbill, Ibis Bill, Trans Himalayan Migratory Goosanders, Red-stars, Wag-tails, Black necked crane, Migratory common teal, Black stork, Large Whistling Teal, Minivets, White Eyed Poachared etc.
National park is an area which is strictly reserved for the betterment of the wildlife & biodiversity, and where activities like developmental, forestry, poaching, hunting and grazing on cultivation are not permitted. Their boundaries are well marked and circumscribed.
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Buxa National Park is a beautiful place, located in the Jalpaiguri district of the state of West Bengal. It was established as a National Park in the year of 1992. Total area of the park is 117.10 Km2.

Buxa National Park was also known as Buxa Tiger Reserve. This Tiger Reserve comprises the forest area of Rajabhatkhawa, Nimati, Barobisha, Rydak, Raimatang, Jainti, Buxaduar and Bhutanghat.

Buxa National park is rich with bio-diversity and has a great collection of rare orchids and medicinal plants. The main rivers are Sankosh, Raidak, Jayanti, Churnia, Turturi, Phashkhawa, Dima and Nonani.

The Dooars comprises of deciduous forests which are densely wooded and grasslands and is home to some of West Bengal’s most varied flora and fauna.

Click here to view state wise list of Indian national parks – updated

State wise list of Wildlife Sanctuaries of India – updated 

This tropical rain forests 150 species of plants and a variety of creepers, orchids, grasses, bamboo and cane. Trees like Teak, sal, simul, sishu are found in great numbers.

Animals found in the park include, the Tiger, Elephant, Gaur, Wild pig, Civet, Leopard, Fishing Cat, Leopard Cat, Jungle Cat, Palm Civet, Wild Dogs, Malayan Giant Squirrels, Chital, Sambar, Barking Deer etc.

The park also provide suitable habitat to many species of birds like Greater Pied Hornbill, Ibis Bill, Trans Himalayan Migratory Goosanders, Red-stars, Wag-tails, Black necked crane, Migratory common teal, Black stork, Large Whistling Teal, Minivets, White Eyed Poachared etc.

Because of inaccessible terrain, some parts of Buxa hills in the Sinchula range are still unexplored. Buxa is one of the oldest settlements in North Bengal.

It is an ideal place for the wild life lovers. Rajabhatkhawa has a watchtower deep inside the forest that gives the best opportunity to view elephant, bison and even tiger. The Nature Interpretation Center at Rajabhatkhawa is another attraction.

The journey through the entire region is full of unknown adventure and excitements and gives some breathtaking views of Jayanti River Valley far below, ever green forest canopy and glimpse of rare animals, flight of birds and colorful orchids.

There is a stalactite cave, popularly known as the Mahakal cave at Jayanti. Another entry point Rajabhatkhawa has an orchidarium, animal rescue center and a nature interpretation center.

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History

The Buxa National Park was named after the Buxa Fort which guards the most important of 11 routes in to Bhutan. The Buxa Fort is situated on the Sinchula Range and is a vantage point in the mountains. It was captured by the British in 1865 in the Second Dooars War between Bhutan and the British who joined in alliance with the princely state of Cooch Behar. Later it was used as a detention camp for the Indian Freedom fighters. 

People have sentimental attachment with the fort on accounts of its association with the struggle for freedom. A sacred temple – Mohakal – lies in BTR. Around 10,000 devotees of Lord Shiva congregate here on “Shiva Chouturdoshi”.

In 1866, the Forest Department first took charge of these forests and the Buxa Tiger Reserve was established under Project Tiger in the year of 1983. In 1986, Buxa Wildlife Sanctuary was constituted over 314.52 sq. km. of the Reserve forests.

In 1991, 54.47 sq. km. area was added to Buxa Wildlife Sanctuary. In the year of 1992, Government of West Bengal declared its intentions to constitute a National Park over 117.10 Sq. Km of the Buxa Wildlife Sanctuary.

Geography

Buxa National Park is located in the Jalpaiguri district of the state of West Bengal. Total area of the park is 117.10 Km2. The park lies between latitudes 26o30′ and 26o55′ N and longitudes 89o20′ and 89o55′ E.

The northern boundary of Buxa National Park runs along the international border with Bhutan. The Sinchula hill range lies all along the northern side of Buxa National Park and the Eastern boundary touches that of the Assam State. National HighwayNo.31 C roughly runs along its southern boundary.

The fragile “Terai Eco-System” constitutes a part of this Park. The Phipsu Wildlife Sanctuary of Bhutan is contiguous to North of Buxa National Park. Manas Tiger Reserve lies on east of Buxa National Park. Buxa National Park, thus, serves as international corridor for elephant migration between India and Bhutan. The reserve encompasses as many as eight forest types.

Because of inaccessible terrain, some parts of Buxa hills in the Sinchula range are still unexplored. Buxa is one of the oldest settlements in North Bengal. The main rivers are Sankosh, Raidak, Jayanti, Churnia, Turturi, Phashkhawa, Dima and Nonani.

This tropical rain forests having an annual rainfall exceeding 5000 mm has 150 species of plants and a variety of creepers, orchids, grasses, bamboo and cane. Trees like Teak, sal, simul, sishu are found in great numbers. This park is located in eastern Dooars at 2600 ft. above sea level.

There is a stalactite cave, popularly known as the Mahakal cave at Jayanti. Another entry point Rajabhatkhawa (17km from Alipurduar) has an orchidarium, animal rescue center and a nature interpretation center.

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Forest types

  • Northern Dry Deciduous
  • Eastern Bhabar and Terai Sal
  • East Himalayan Moist Mixed Deciduous Forest
  • Sub-Himalayan Secondary Wet Mixed Forest
  • Eastern Sub-Montane Semi-evergreen Forest
  • Northern Tropical Evergreen Forest
  • East Himalayan Subtropical Wet Hill Forest
  • Moist Sal Savannah
  • Low alluvium
  • Savannah Woodland

Dominant flora

Shorea robusta, Sterculia villosa, Duabanga sonneretioides, Tetrameles nudifloraTerminalia myriocarpa, Dalbergia sissooAcacia catechu, Narenga porphyrocoma, Albizzia procera, Salmalia malabarica, Syzygium cerasoides, Randia dumentorum, Butea monosperma, Aesculus panduana, Eugenia Formosa, Dillenia pentagyna, Schima wallichii, Lagerstroemia parvifloraShorea robusta, Careya arborea, Syzygium cerasoideumSalmalia malabarica, Phragmites karka, Saccharum procerum, S. spontaneum, Erianthus elephantinusAnthistiria gigantea, Saccharum arundinaceum, Cymbogon nardusImperata cylindrical etc.

Dominant fauna

Mammals – Bengal Tiger, Leopard, Fishing cat, Leopard cat, Jungle cat, Clouded leopard, Indian civet, Sloth bear, Wild boar, Yellow throated Marten, Gaur, Chital , Sambar, Asian elephant, Rhesus macaque,  Common langur , Porcupine, Malayan Giant Squirrel, Black aped hare, Flying squirrel, The mongoose, Wild buffaloes, Dhole etc.

BirdsPeafowl, Red Jungle Fowl, Sparrow hawk, White-eyed Buzzard Eagle, Woodpeckers, Larks, Pipits, Pitas, Wagtails, Warblers, Egrets, Storks, Chestnut breasted partridge, White rumped vulture, Greater Pied Hornbill, Ibis bill, Goosanders, Red Star, Wag Tails, The rare black necked crane, Common teal, Black stork, Whistling teals, Minivets etc.

ReptilesPythons, Indian cobra, kraits, vipers, monitor lizards and tortoises etc.

Other Attractions

The Buxa Fort

Mahakal Cave

Pukri Mai

Sadar Bazar

Narathali Lake

Rajabhatkhawa

Jayanthi

Lepchakha

Raimatang

Sikiajhora

Pukhuri Hill

Nature Interpretation Centre

Trekking

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Best Time to Visit

The best time of the year to visit the Buxa National Park is between the months of November to April. The Park remains closed from 15th June to 15th September.

How to Reach

By AirNearest airport is Bagdogra airport, about 180 Km from the Buxa National Park. Bagdogra airport is well connected by road network to Buxa National Park.

By Rail Nearest railway station is New Alipurduar railway station, about 02 Km from the Buxa National Park. New Alipurduar railway station is well connected by road network to Buxa National Park.

By Road Buxa National Park is well connected to Major Cities and Places by road network. There are a number of government and privately operated vehicles that go to Buxa National Park at frequent intervals.

Accommodation

Accommodation is available in forest rest houses within the park. There are forest rest houses of WBFDC at Rajabhatkhawa, Nimati, Barobisha, Raidak, Raimatang, Bhutanghat, Buxaduar and Jayanti at the banks of the river Jayanthi nestled between mountains and thick forests.

  • Inspection Bungalow – This belongs to the Forest department and may be available at times.
  • Forest Inspection Bungalows – There are Inspection Bungalows in Buxa Duar, Jainti, Raimatung, South Ridak, Kumargram,
  • Heritage Rest House: this is in South Raidak
  • 16 bedded dormitory at Buxaduar and Jainti
  • Forest Rest House – owned by West Bengal Forest Development Corporation at Rajabhatkhawa
  • Buxa Jungle Lodge – Run by the West Bengal Forest Development Corporation at Rajabhatkhawa is a basic lodge.

Useful Contacts

Field Director Buxa Tiger Reserve (West) Alipurduar, District Jalpaiguri, West Bengal- 736122, Phone – 03564-551129 Fax: 03564- 55577 / 79, E-mail: buxatiger@dte.vsnl.net.in

Deputy Field Director Buxa Tiger Reserve (East) P.O Alipurduar, District Jalpaiguri, West Bengal- 736122, Phone: 03564- 56005, 66005

Other National Parks in West Bengal. Name of National Parks, Year of Notification and Total Area is as follows……….
S. No. Name of National Park Year of Notification Total Area (km²)
1 Gorumara National Park West Bengal 1992 79.45
2 Sundarbans National Park West Bengal 1984 1330.10
3 Neora Valley National Park West Bengal 1986 159.89
4 Singalila National Park West Bengal 1986 78.60
5 Jaldapara National Park West Bengal 2014 216.51

About Vijay Choudhary

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