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Brown rock chat (Cercomela fusca) complete detail – updated

Brown rock chat (Cercomela fusca) complete detail – updated. Description of Brown rock chat (Cercomela fusca). Classification of Brown rock chat (Cercomela fusca). Habit and habitat of Brown rock chat. Commonly found in agricultural fields, in buildings, and in sub-urban areas.
Identification of Brown rock chat (Cercomela fusca). Size of Brown rock chat is between 16 cm to 18 cm. Brown rock chat is uniformly rufous brown with the wings and tail of a slightly darker shade. Both sexes similar in the field. The long legs and feet are black and the bill is short and straight. 
They have plain grey or brown upper parts and paler under parts. The brown on the undersides grades into a dark grey-brown vent. The beak is slender and is slightly curved at the tip and tail is rounded. The tail pattern is often distinctive. Both sexes are indistinguishable in the field and similar in plumage………..
The breeding season is between February to July. Nest is cup shaped, and constructed by grass, hair and clods placed in a ledge in a ledge in a roadside cutting, wall or window even making use of occupied houses. Eggs 3 to 4, pale blue with rusty & spots and incubated by the female alone. The young leave the nest after about 15 days after hatching.

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Click here to view State wise list of Indian state birds (symbols) – updated

Classification

Common Name – Brown rock chat

Other Name – Indian chat

Local Name – Dauma

Zoological Name – Cercomela fusca

Kingdom – Animalia

Phylum – Chordata

Class – Aves

Order – Passeriformes

Family – Muscicapidae

Genus – Cercomela

Conservational Status – Schedule – IV, according to wildlife (Protection) act, 1972 and classified as Least Concern (LC) by the IUCN.

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Distinctive Identification

Cercomela fusca is a beautiful small brown bird. Size of Brown rock chat is between 16 cm to 18 cm. Brown rock chat is uniformly rufous brown with the wings and tail of a slightly darker shade.

Both sexes similar in the field. The long legs and feet are black and the bill is short and straight. They have plain grey or brown upper parts and paler under parts.

The brown on the undersides grades into a dark grey-brown vent. The beak is slender and is slightly curved at the tip and tail is rounded. The tail pattern is often distinctive. Both sexes are indistinguishable in the field and similar in plumage.

Distribution

Brown Rock Chat is nearly endemic to India, distributed north of the Narmada, west to Gujarat and east to Bengal bordered on the north by the Himalayas where it is found only until about 1300 m. in the foothills. Brown Rock Chat has been also seen in Nepal.

Brown Rock Chat found mainly in northern and central India and only extends slightly into northeastern Pakistan. It is often found on old buildings and rocky areas.

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Habit and habitat

Commonly found in agricultural fields, in buildings, and in sub-urban areas. Found singly or in pairs.

Brown Rock Chat feeds mainly on insects, captured mainly on the ground. Brown Rock Chat has a habit of slowly raising its tail slightly, fanning it and bobbing its head.

Eight different kinds of calls have been noted and these include territorial calls, begging call, feeding call, alarm call, threat call, contact call, distress call, roosting and emergence calls.

The usual call is a short whistling Chee delivered with a rapid bob and stretch and the alarm call is a harsh chek-check.

Click here to view State wise list of Indian state animals (symbols) – updated

The breeding season is between February to July. Nest is cup shaped, and constructed by grass, hair and clods placed in a ledge in a roadside cutting, wall or window even making use of occupied houses.

Eggs 3 to 4, pale blue with rusty & spots and incubated by the female alone. The young leave the nest after about 15 days after hatching.

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