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Blue tiger butterfly (Tirumala limniace) complete detail

Blue tiger butterfly (Tirumala limniace) complete detail. Description of Blue tiger butterfly (Tirumala limniace). Classification of Blue tiger butterfly (Tirumala limniace). Habit and habitat of Blue tiger butterfly. They prefer scrub forest, dry deciduous woodlands, and humid sub-tropical forests habitat. They also found in gardens and parks at altitudes between sea level and about 300m………….
Blue Tiger Butterflies have brownish black upper parts, with bluish white semi hyaline spots and streaks. They have two pairs of filaments. They have many irregular sub terminal and terminal series of spots on their wings. This species of butterfly migrates extensively during the monsoons in southern India. They are usually encountered singly or in two’s and three’s. They have a slow undulating………….
The males have a brush at tip of the abdomen. They protrude it out and stroke the pouches of specialized scent scales on the hind wings to scatter the scent that attract the females. The eggs are laid on the tender buds or flower buds or the tips of the leaves. The caterpillars are live underside of the leaves. They (caterpillars) feeds on Wattakaka volubilis…………..

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Click here to view State wise list of Indian state birds (symbols) – updated

Distinctive Identification

Blue tiger is a beautiful butterfly. They have a wingspan of 75 to 105 mm. The head, antennae and thorax is brownish black in color, with white dots on head and neck.

Blue Tiger Butterflies have brownish black upperparts, with bluish white semi hyaline spots and streaks. They have two pairs of filaments.

The male has a small brown flap on the hind wing and the female has continued blue color instead of the flap.

They have many irregular sub terminal and terminal series of spots on their wings. The pattern of spots is important in distinguishing this species from other Tiger butterflies and its mimics.

Underside, basal two-thirds of fore wing dusky black, the apex and hind wing olive-brown; the spots and streaks much as on the upper side.

In the larvae stage the color of body is Yellowish-white. Black spotted are present on head, feet and claspers. The 3rd and 12th segments, each with a pair of fleshy filaments, black and greenish white. The length of larva is around 1.20 cm.

Each of the segments with four transverse black bars, the second bar on all broader than the others, bifurcated laterally, a yellow longitudinal line on each side.

In the Pupa stage the color of body is green with golden scattered spots and beaded dorsal crescent.

The males are smaller than females and can at once be distinguished by the presence of a pendulous, flat pouch near the cell of hind wing. This pouch contains scent scales.

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Classification

Common Name – Blue tiger butterfly

Local Name – Titli

Zoological Name – Tirumala limniace

Kingdom – Animalia

Phylum – Arthropoda

Class – Insecta

Order – Lepidoptera

Family – Nymphalidae

Genus – Tirumala

Distribution

They found in India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Burma, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Thailand. They also found from Afghanistan to the Philippines, and south to Sulawesi, Java, Bali and Timor.

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Habit and habitat

They prefer scrub forest, dry deciduous woodlands, and humid sub-tropical forests habitat. They also found in gardens and parks at altitudes between sea level and about 300m.

This species of butterfly migrates extensively during the monsoons in southern India. They are usually encountered singly or in two’s and three’s. They have a slow undulating flight, with fairly shallow wing beats, and patrol flowery areas.

They generally feed on plants of Family Asclepiadaceae Their food plants are Asclepias, Calotropis, Heterostemma, Dregea volubilis, Heterostemma cuspidatum, Marsdenia, Crotalaria and Epibaterium.

The length of larva is around 1.20 cm, and weighs around 5 mgs initially, but grows double that size and four times that weight within a period of forty eight hours.

Click here to view State wise list of Indian state animals (symbols) – updated

The males have a brush at tip of the abdomen. They protrude it out and stroke the pouches of specialized scent scales on the hind wings to scatter the scent that attract the females.

The eggs are laid on the tender buds or flower buds or the tips of the leaves. The caterpillars are live underside of the leaves. They (caterpillars) feeds on Wattakaka volubilis.

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