Biodiversity Conservation in Sacred Groves – complete detail. Tradition of sacred groves conservation. Role of sacred groves in biodiversity conservation. SGs are full with rich biodiversity and harbor many rare species of plants and animals. Religious belief and taboos are the constructive tools for conserving the sacred groves.
Sacred Groves are the ideal centre for biodiversity conservation. Various plants and animals that are threatened in the forest are well conserved within these patches. These areas also provide habitat, water and nest-sites for many species of wildlife and birds. Ayurvedic and general medicinal plants that are not to be found in the forest are often concentrated in sacred groves.
Religious belief and taboos are the constructive tools for conserving the sacred groves. Rare, endangered, threatened and endemic species are abundant in sacred groves. Sacred groves also provide vital ecosystem services to local people. SGs are full with rich biodiversity and harbor many rare species of plants and animals. Sacred groves are important elements in the Biodiversity Conservation. There is vast diversity among India’s SGs, sometime groves overlap with larger forest areas. In these patches, People do not cut wood for personal use. Sacred groves play a significant role in biodiversity conservation.
Tradition of sacred groves conservation
Sacred Grove – A fine example for community based nature conservation without any external support. Sacred groves are age-old traditional nature conservation practices adopted by the communities all over the world. The tradition of protecting Peepal, Gular and Bargad trees is found in many states of India. People do not harm sacred groves mainly because of socio-religious traditions and fear of the deity, believing that who harm sacred grove may be harmed by the presiding deity. Resources that are traditionally obtained from flora and fauna located in sacred groves include fodder, fruits, dry fallen wood, seeds, soil fertilizer and Ayurvedic and general medicine.
Biodiversity is also known as biological diversity. Biodiversity is the variety of all species on our planet. It includes different plants, animals, birds and micro-organisms, their genes, their habitats and all the ecosystems (forests, grass-lands, lacks, ponds, rivers, wet-lands etc.).
The term “biological diversity” was first used in year 1980 by Lovejoy (most commonly used to describe the number of species).
Biodiversity can be classified under three levels;
- Ecosystem or ecological diversity
- Species diversity
- Genetic diversity
E. O. Wilson first used the term “biodiversity” in 1988. Biodiversity encompasses the variety of life, at all levels. Biodiversity is an attribute of an area and specifically refers to the variety within and among living organisms, biotic communities, and biotic processes, whether naturally occurring or modified by humans. Biodiversity is the variety of life on earth and includes variation at all levels of biological organization from genes to species to ecosystems. Genetic, organism and ecological diversity are all elements of biodiversity with each including a number of components.