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Bay backed shrike (Lanius vittatus) complete detail – updated

Bay backed shrike (Lanius vittatus) complete detail – updated. Description of Bay backed shrike (Lanius vittatus). Classification of Bay backed shrike (Lanius vittatus). Identification of Bay backed shrike (Lanius vittatus). Habit and habitat of Bay backed shrike. Bay backed shrike is a bird of dry open country abounding in Babool trees and scrub.
Bay backed shrike have grey and white head with a broad black stripe across forehead and backward through the eyes. Bay backed shrike feed on Locusts, large insects, lizards. The Nesting season ranges between April and September. The nest is a neat, compact cup of grass, rags, wool and feathers. 
A whimsical courtship display is indulged in by the male at the breeding season. This consists mostly of craning his neck, cocking his tail, sidling up to the hen on a perch and stiffly hopping closer and closer to her.

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Click here to view State wise list of Indian state birds (symbols) – updated

Classification

Common Name – Bay-backed shrike

Local Name – Latora

Zoological Name – Lanius vittatus

Kingdom – Animalia

Phylum – Chordata

Class – Aves

Order – Passeriformes

Family – Laniidae

Genus – Lanius

Conservational Status – Schedule – IV, according to wildlife (Protection) act, 1972 and classified as Least Concern (LC) by the IUCN.

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Distinctive Identification

Bay backed shrike is a beautiful bird. Size between 18 cm. to 20 cm. Weight between 20–28 g.

Bay backed shrike have grey and white head with a broad black stripe across forehead and backward through the eyes. Maroon-brown above with a pale rump and long black tail with white edges. The underparts are white, but with buff flanks.

The white or whitish rump, and the white patches on its black wings are very conspicuous in flight. Long black-and-white graduated tail and typical stout, hook-tipped bill.

The most distinctive feature of this bird is the black facial mask extending from the side of the neck through the eyes to the base of the hooked bill.

The crown and nape are grey, with a typical shrike black bandit mask through the eye. There is a small white wing patch, and the bill and legs are dark grey.

Both sexes are similar, but the juvenile has a less extensive, browner facial mask, brownish upper parts, a barred black and creamy-brown crown, a reddish-brown tail, and barred underparts.

Distribution

Bay backed shrike is found in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India, and has recently been recorded from Sri Lanka. They extends from Afghanistan and Baluchistan to Western Bengal.

Bay backed shrike like thorny jungle, plantations along canal banks, and in cultivated areas around villages, gardens and parks.

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Habit and habitat

Bay backed shrike is a bird of dry open country abounding in Babool trees and scrub. It is frequently met with also in the vicinity of cultivation and gardens. Bay-backed shrike inhabits dry, bushy areas with scattered trees or at the edge of woodland.

The churrihg notes, most commonly heard, are harsh and unmusical, but it also has a pleasant little warbling song in which imitations of the calls of other birds are freely intermingled. Bay backed shrike feed on Locusts, large insects, lizards.

The Nesting season ranges between April and September, the majority of eggs being laid in June and July. The nest is a neat, compact cup of grass, rags, wool and feathers. Generally much cobweb is used on the outside for binding the material. It is placed in a fork of a small tree or a large bush, up to 8 meters above the ground.

A whimsical courtship display is indulged in by the male at the breeding season. This consists mostly of craning his neck, cocking his tail, sidling up to the hen on a perch and stiffly hopping closer and closer to her.

Eggs 3-5, pale greenish, white blotched, spotted with purplish brown, and incubated by the female for 14 to 16 days, whilst the male brings the female food. The male also supplies all of the food for the young nestlings once they have hatched, and they are tended to for around 14 to 16 days before they fledge.

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