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Bank myna (Acridotheres ginginianus) complete detail – updated

Bank myna (Acridotheres ginginianus) complete detail – updated. Description of Bank myna (Acridotheres ginginianus) Ganga myna. Classification of Bank myna (Acridotheres ginginianus) Ganga myna. Habit and habitat of Bank myna. 
Generally found amongst rocks, in open country and around human habitations, often near tea stalls and markets. They also found near water and their usual habitat is cultivated farmland and open country. Both sexes are similar in appearance, but the juvenile lacks the forehead crest and is browner than the adult, with a pale throat and a pale patch on the side of the neck……………
Head is black on the crown and sides and the upper plumage is salty grey while the underside is lighter grey with pale pink plumage towards the center of the abdomen. The bill is short and strong, with shiny orangish yellow color. Wings are black but has a wing patch at the base of the primaries and the tips of the outer tail feathers are pale pinkish buff……………
Nesting and breeding season is between April to August. The nest is always built in earth wall, on the banks of rivers, embankments or the sides of open wells. The nest is a pad of grass, feathers and rubbish, stuffed in the widened chamber at the end of a horizontal earth tunnel.

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Click here to view State wise list of Indian state birds (symbols) – updated

Distinctive Identification

Size between 20 cm. to 24 cm. Weigh between 65 g. to 80 g., with orangish red eye patches, a short crest of dark bristly feathers on the forehead, a glossy black tail tipped with white, and a grey chin and breast tinged with cinnamon. Coloration is pale bluish grey instead of brown.

Head is black on the crown and sides and the upper plumage is salty grey while the underside is lighter grey with pale pink plumage towards the center of the abdomen. The wing-patch and tips of tail-feathers are pinkish buff instead of white.

The bill is short and strong, with shiny orangish yellow color. Strong legs with shiny orangish yellow color. The naked skin behind the eye is brick red.

Wings are black but has a wing patch at the base of the primaries and the tips of the outer tail feathers are pale pinkish buff.

Both sexes are similar in appearance, but the juvenile lacks the forehead crest and is browner than the adult, with a pale throat and a pale patch on the side of the neck.

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Classification

Common Name – Bank myna

Local Lame – Ganga myna

Zoological Name – Acridotheres ginginianus

Kingdom – Animalia

Phylum – Chordata

Class – Aves

Order – Passeriformes

Family – Sturnidae

Genus – Acridotheres

Conservational Status – Schedule – IV, according to wildlife (Protection) act, 1972 and classified as Least Concern (LC) by the IUCN.

Distribution

The greater part of Northern India from Sind to Eastern Bengal, and south to about the latitude of Bombay. In portions of the Himalayas, up to about 3,000 feet. It is a resident, but also moves about a good deal locally.

They occurs from eastern Pakistan across the Himalayan foothills to eastern and south Nepal and Bhutan, and southwards to north-central India and Bangladesh.

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Habit and habitat

Generally found amongst rocks, in open country and around human habitations, often near tea stalls and markets. They also found near water and their usual habitat is cultivated farmland and open country.

Bank Myna is found in open cultivated country in the neighborhood of towns and villages. Railway stations are a favourite resort and large numbers may often be seen sauntering about on the platforms picking up bits of food dropped by the passengers.

Bank Myna is a social bird, generally found in small groups or in pairs. Occasionally found in large groups.

They feed on fruits, grains, ripening crops, frogs, snails, earthworms and insects, they sometimes follow grazing animals picking up disturbed insects or even ticks on the animals.

They are vociferous and use a wide range of calls that include clucks, croaks, screeches, whistles and warbling elements. Its voice is somewhat softer than that of the common myna, but otherwise there is little appreciable difference in the habits of the two.

The swift, direct flight is typical of the Starling. They fly in tight flocks and often rapidly change directions with great synchrony.

Nesting and breeding season is between April to August. The nest is always built in earth walls, on the banks of rivers, embankments or the sides of open wells.

Click here to view State wise list of Indian state animals (symbols) – updated

The nest is a pad of grass, feathers and rubbish, stuffed in the widened chamber at the end of a horizontal earth tunnel. These tunnels may be drilled in steep earth banks of rivers, sides of disused brick kilns, earthen wells, or even in masonry.

Eggs 3 to 5, glossy pale blue in color, without markings.     Incubation period is between 13 to 15 days. Nestlings open their eyes after about 4 to 6 days and fledge in about 20 to 22 days.

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