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Bandipur National Park complete detail – updated

Bandipur National Park complete detail – updated. Geography of Bandipur National Park. Dominant flora and fauna of Bandipur National Park. How to Reach Bandipur National Park. Accommodation at Bandipur National Park. Total area of the park is about 874.2 Km2. In past, the park was a hunting reserve for the Maharaja of the Mysore. It was declared a Reserve forest in the year of 1931. Total area of the Reserve is about 90 Km2. The Venugopala Wildlife Park was instituted at this site which was extended up to an………….
Bandipur National Park is famous for a large variety of animals such as Tigers, Gaur, Sambhar, Chital, Mouse deer, Four-horned antelope, Wild dogs, Wild boar, Jackal, Sloth bear, Panther, , Malabar squirrel, Porcupines and The black-knapped hare. The park has a variety of biomes including dry deciduous forests, moist deciduous forests and shrub lands. The wide range of habitats help support a diverse range……………
The whole area is gifted with a wide range of flora and other vegetation ranging from the open grassy woodlands to the evergreen and deciduous forests. Valued hard woods like teak and rosewood are found in abundance here. The entire region comes under the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve which is one of the most wide spread territories in India protected forests………….
National park is an area which is strictly reserved for the betterment of the wildlife & biodiversity, and where activities like developmental, forestry, poaching, hunting and grazing on cultivation are not permitted. The boundaries of National park are well marked and circumscribed.
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Bandipur National Park is regarded as one of the most beautiful place, located in the Mysore & Chamarajanagar districts of the state of Karnataka.

Bandipur was declared a Tiger Reserve under Project Tiger in the year of 1973. The Reserve declared as a National park in the year of 1974. Total area of the park is about 874.2 Km2.

The park was established with the aim to protect the wild life of the state of Karnataka. Bandipur is also a segment of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve.

Click here to view state wise list of Indian national parks – updated

The UNESCO World Heritage Committee has taken into consideration the area of Nilgiri Sub-Cluster (about 6,000 km²) along with Bandipur National Park and Western Ghats to select it as a World Heritage Site.

Bandipur is known for its wildlife and has many types of biomes, but dry deciduous forest is dominant. This is one of the finest habitats of the Asian elephant.

Bandipur National Park is famous for a large variety of animals such as Tigers, Gaur, Sambhar, Chital, Mouse deer, Four-horned antelope, Wild dogs, Wild boar, Jackal, Sloth bear, Panther, Malabar squirrel, Porcupines and The black-knapped hare.

The Park has about 250 species of birds and Malabar trogan, the Malabar pied hornbill, the great black woodpecker, the Indian pitta and the green imperial pigeon are part of its avian variety.

The whole area is gifted with a wide range of flora and other vegetation ranging from the open grassy woodlands to the evergreen and deciduous forests. Valued hard woods like teak and rosewood are found in abundance here.

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History

In past, the park was a hunting reserve for the Maharaja of the Mysore. It was declared a Reserve forest in the year of 1931. Total area of the Reserve is about 90 Km2. The Venugopala Wildlife Park was instituted at this site which was extended up to an area of 800 km2.

In the year 1973, it was declared a Tiger Reserve under Project Tiger. The Reserve declared as a National park in the year of 1974. Total area of the park is about 874.2 Km2.

In the present context, the entire area constitute the vast Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve which comprises the tracts of protected forest.

Geography

Bandipur National Park is located in the Chamarajanagar district of the state of Karnataka. Total area of the park is about 874.2 Km2. Together with the adjoining Nagarhole National park (643 Km2) in North, Mudumalai National park (320 Km2) in Tamil Nadu, and Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary (344 Km2) in Kerala, it creates the India’s biggest biosphere reserve popularly known as the ‘Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve’ (2183 Km2).

The entire region comes under the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve which is one of the most wide spread territories in India protected forests.

The park has a variety of biomes including dry deciduous forests, moist deciduous forests and shrub lands. The wide range of habitats help support a diverse range of organisms.

The park is flanked by the Kabini River in the north and the Moyar River in the south. There are also two minor streams flowing through the region and the entire area is irrigated by river Moyar and these two rivulets.

The Nugu River runs through the park. The highest point in the park is on a hill called Himavad Gopalaswamy Betta, where there is a Hindu temple at the summit. The place also boasts for the sandalwood trees and many unique species of flora are also found here.

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Location – 75° 12’ 17” E to 76° 51’ 32” E and 11° 35’ 34” N to 11° 57’ 02” N

Altitude of the park ranges from 680 meters to 1,454 meters

Temperature:       Maximum: 28o C

                             Minimum: – 10o C

The dry and hot period usually begins in early March and can last till the arrival of the monsoon rains in June.

Dominant flora

Teak (Tectona grandis), Rosewood (Dalbergia latifolia), Sandalwood (Santalum album V), Indian-laurel (Terminalia tomentosa), Indian Kino Tree (Pterocarpus marsupium), Giant clumping bamboo (Dendrocalamus strictus), Clumping bamboo (Bambusa arundinacea) Kadam tree (Adina cordifolia), Indian gooseberry (Emblica officinalis), Crape-myrtle (Lagerstroemia lanceolata), Axle wood (Anogeissus latifolia), Black Myrobalan (Terminalia chebula), Schleichera trijuga, Odina wodiar,  Butea monosperma, Golden Shower Tree (Cassia fistula), Satinwood (Chloroxylon swietenia), Black Cutch (Acacia catechu) etc.

Dominant fauna

MammalsTiger, Elephant, Gaur, Sambhar, Chital, Deer, Antelope, Wild boars, Jackals, Sloth bear,  Malabar squirrel, Dholes, Gray langurs, Indian giant squirrel, Leopard etc.

BirdsPeafowl, Grey Jungle fowl, Green pigeon, Hawk eagle, Serpent eagle, Parakeets, Wood peckers, Barbets, Hornbills, Warblers, Ducks, Gray Patridges, Firhinges, Falcons, Honey buzzards, Bee-eaters, Kingfishers etc.

Reptiles – Marsh Crocodile, Monitor Lizards, Rock Python, Bamboo Pit Snake, Wolf Snake, Vine Snake, Common Krait, Rat snake, Muggers, Indian chameleon, Indian pond terrapin, flying lizards etc.

Butterflies – Common rose, Crimson rose, Common jay, Lime butterfly, Malabar raven, Common Mormon, Red Helen, Blue Mormon, Southern birdwing, Common wanderer, Mottled emigrant, Common grass yellow, Spotless grass yellow, Nilgiri clouded yellow, Common Jezebel, Psyche, Common gull, Common bush brown, Orange pansy, Blue pansy, Grey pansy, Blue admiral etc.

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Best time to visit

The park is open throughout the year, but the best time of the year to visit the Bandipur National Park is between the months of March to October.

Park Timings

Winter – Morning – 6.45 AM to 9.45 AM | Evening – 3.00 PM to 6.00 PM

Summer – Morning – 6.30 AM to 9.30 AM | Evening – 3.30 PM to 6.30 PM

Fee

Bolero Jeep Ride

INR 2,600 (US$ 43) for Indian Nationals

INR 5,500 (US$ 91) for Foreign Nationals

Gypsy Ride

INR 4,000 (US$ 66) for Indian Nationals
INR 6,500 (US$ 108) for Foreign Nationals

Van Safari

INR 75 (US$ 1.5) per person for 30 minute safari in 25 seater bus.

Book a Ride

http://www.bandipurtigerreserve.in/

How to Reach

By Air – Nearest airports are Mysore and Bangalore airports, about 80 and 220 Km from the Bandipur National Park. These airports are well connected by road to Bandipur National Park.

By Rail – Nearest railway station is Mysore railway station, about 80 Km from the Bandipur National Park. Mysore railway station is well connected by road to Bandipur National Park.

By Road – Bandipur National Park is well connected to Major Cities and Places by road network. There are a number of government and privately operated vehicles that go to Bandipur National Park at frequent intervals.

Distance from Major Cities and Places

Mysore – about 80 Km

Calicut – about 140 Km

Coorg – about 200 Km

Kabini – about 94 Km

Wayanad – about 80 Km

Ooty – about 80 km

Bangalore – about 230 Km

Accommodation

The government of Karnataka provides spacious and comfortable accommodation at Bandipur national Park at reasonable rates. Hotels, Resorts, Guest houses are also available.

Other National Parks in Karnataka. Name of National Parks, Year of Notification and Total Area is as follows……..
S. No.  Name of National Park Year of Notification Total Area (Km2)
1 Bannerghatta National Park Karnataka 1974 260.51
2 Kudremukh National Park Karnataka 1987 600.32
3 Nagarhole (Rajiv Gandhi) National Park Karnataka 1988 643.39
4 Anshi national park Karnataka 1987 417.37

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