Bandhavgarh National Park – complete detail – updated. Geography of Bandhavgarh National Park. Dominant flora and fauna of Bandhavgarh National Park. Bandhavgarh is located in the Umaria district of the state of Madhya Pradesh. The four main zones of the national park are Tala, Magdhi, Khitauli, and Panpatta. Tala is the richest zone in terms of biodiversity. The vegetation is chiefly of Sal forest in the valleys and on the lower slopes, gradually changing to mixed deciduous forest on the hills and in the hotter drier areas of the park in the south and west…………
Bandhavgarh was declared a National park in 1968. The topography of Bandhavgarh supports moist deciduous forest, grasslands, woodlands, scrub-thorn arid forests, tropical forests, rocky hills, tropical forest, rocks, plateaus, meadows and valleys.
Bandhavgarh is a beautiful place. Total area of Bandhavgarh National park is about 448.85 km2 (Core area 105 km2). Bandhavgarh National park was declared as a tiger reserve under project tiger in the year 1993. Bandhavgarh Park is famous for the rich population of white tigers. There are 32 hills in center part of the park, which has a large natural fort at its center. The fort’s cliffs are about 800 meters in high, and about 300 meters above the surrounding countryside.
National park is an area which is strictly reserved for the betterment of the wildlife & biodiversity, and where activities like developmental, forestry, poaching, hunting and grazing on cultivation are not permitted. Their boundaries are well marked and circumscribed.
Bandhavgarh National park
Bandhavgarh is a beautiful place with mythological significance. As per the epic Ramayana, Lord Rama stayed in Bandhavgarh for a brief period while he was on his way back home, after defeating Ravana.
It is also mentioned in great epic Ramayana that lord Rama has gifted this Bandhavgarh to his younger brother Lakshmana. The amazing history of Bandhavgarh can be traced in to the ancient books like Shiv Puran and Narad Panch Ratna.
Bandhavgarh is located in the Umaria district of the state of Madhya Pradesh. Bandhavgarh was declared a National park in 1968. Total area of Bandhavgarh National park is about 448.85 km2 (Core area 105 km2). Bandhavgarh National park was declared as a tiger reserve under project tiger in the year 1993.
The density of the Tiger population at Bandhavgarh is the highest known in India. Bandhavgarh Park is famous for the rich population of white tigers. The population of tigers in the park in 2012 is about 46.
In past, Bandhavgarh was the hunting preserved area of the Maharajas of Rewa. In 1947 Rewa State was merged with Madhya Pradesh; Bandhavgarh came under the regulations of Madhya Pradesh. The Maharaja of Rewa still retained the hunting rights. After 1968 the government of Madhya Pradesh take the rights of this forest. The fort still belongs to the Maharaja of Rewa and permission is required to visit it.
In 1982, three more ranges, namely Khitauli, Magdhi, and Kallawah were added to Tala range (the original Bandhavgarh National Park – 105 km2) to extend the area of Bandhavgarh to 448.85 km2.
There are 39 caves in the Bandhavgarh fort and in the surrounding hillocks up to a radius of about 5 km. Inside the park there are 12 natural waterholes, several other historical monuments and remains of ancient caves that exhibit a 2000 year old rich historical past.
There are 32 hills in center part of the park, which has a large natural fort at its center. The fort’s cliffs are about 800 meters in high, and about 300 meters above the surrounding countryside.
The topography of Bandhavgarh supports moist deciduous forest, grasslands, woodlands, scrub-thorn arid forests, tropical forests, rocky hills, tropical forest, rocks, plateaus, meadows and valleys.
Its hilly open terrain includes many large grassland meadows that offer good chances of sightings.
The forest of Bandhavgarh can be classified as moist deciduous, and the National Park holds all those animal species which are typical of this habitat in Central India. Certain areas of the park (particularly the south and the west) are drier in character.
Sal forest occurs throughout the valleys, giving way to mixed forest which occurs where the soil is of relatively poor quality on the upper hill slopes, on rocky outcrops and in the South and West.
At the center of the park is the Bandhavgarh hill, rising about 800 meters above sea level and surrounding it are a sloping valleys, these valleys end in small, swampy meadows locally known as “bohera”.
The four main zones of the national park are Tala, Magdhi, Khitauli, and Panpatta. Tala is the richest zone in terms of biodiversity. The vegetation is chiefly of Sal forest in the valleys and on the lower slopes, gradually changing to mixed deciduous forest on the hills and in the hotter drier areas of the park in the south and west.
The wide valleys along the streams carry long linear grasslands flanked by Sal forests.
The soil is generally sandy to sandy-loam. More than tweny streams rise or flow through the park. Some of the important streams of Bandhavgarh are Johilla, Janadh, Charanganga, Damnar, Danbei, Ambanala and Andhiyari Jhiria.
Coordinates – 23°41′58″N and 80°57′43″E
Longitude – 80 47’15’’ to 81 11’ 45 E
Latitude – 23 30’ 12 to 23 45’ 45 N
Altitude – About 440 m to 800 m above sea level
Winter – October to Mid-March
Summer – Mid-March to June
Monsoon – Mid June to September
Temperature: Maximum – 45o C
Minimum – 2o C
Rainfall – 600 to 1200 mm
Sal, Saja, Tendu, Aonla Dhawda, Jamun, Salai, Garari, Bamboo, Banyan, Ber, Dhak, Dhok, Kadam, Khajur, Khair, Karel, Khejda, Kakera, Mohua, Neem etc.
Mammals – Tiger, spotted deer, Sambar deer, dhole, nilgai, wild boar, Chinkara, sloth bear, rhesus macaque, black faced langur, jungle cat, hyena, porcupine, jackal, fox, wild dog etc.
Bird – steppe eagles, orange-headed thrush, coppersmith barbet, browed fantails, green pigeons, black and white malabar hornbills, grey malabar hornbills, kingfishers, white bellied drongos, parakeets, blue bearded bee-eaters, green bee-eaters, black stork, owls, paradise flycatchers, giant leaf bird, common sandpiper, laughing etc.
Many species of Reptiles, Arthropods, and Fishes are also found.
Closed for Afternoon Safari on Every Wednesday , Holi Festival Day, From 01-July to 15-Oct
Open for visitors Mid October – To – June End (16-Oct-2010 till 30-June-2011)
Bhaghela Museum – Private collection of the Maharaja of Rewa – the famed stuffed white tiger, Mohan, military and hunting paraphernalia, a carved ivory and silver chess set and an extravagant swing bench made of Belgian cut glass and silver.
Bandhavgarh Fort – One of the oldest forts in India considered that it is some 2000 years old as there are no records available to show when this fort was actually built. Discover the mystery of historical monuments in mid jungle as the beauty of this trek lies in it.
The Cave Point – The mute testimony of the rich historical past of the Bandhavgarh.
Bari Gufa – It is one of the biggest man-made cave inside the reserve built around tenth century.
Gopalpur – Famous place for bird watching
Mahaman Pond – It is an ideal place where variety of carnivores and herbivores come.
Entry Fee for Indians: 2200 Rs. (with 6 persons Guide, and vehicle)
Entry Fee for Foreigners: 4300 Rs. (with 6 persons, Guide, and vehicle)
Phone No (Official) – +91-92127-77223 / +91-92125-53107
Park Safari Timing
Morning Safari – 06:15 AM to 10:20 AM
Afternoon Safari – 03:15 PM to 06:20 PM
Park Safari Zones Tala Zone (Gate-1), Magdhi Zone (Gate-2), Khitauli Zone (Gate-3)
February to June, although the cool season is much more comfortable and still very good for wildlife.
Book a Hotel at Bandhavgarh
Note – The Park is open all through the year except between 1st July to 15th October.
How to Reach Bandhavgarh National Park
By air – Nearest airport is Khajuraho and Jabalpur airport located About 270 and 170km from the Bandhavgarh National Park. Jet Airways has a daily connection between Khajuraho-Delhi via Varanasi.
By Rail – The nearest railway stations are Jabalpur (about 165 km), Katni (about 105 km), and Satna (about 120 km) on the Central Railway and Umaria (about 35 km) on the South-Eastern Railway.
These stations have direct train connectivity from major tourist destinations and cities like Mumbai, Delhi, Nagpur, Bhopal, Agra, Jaipur, Gwalior, Varanasi, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Pune etc. These railway stations are well connected by road to Bandhavgarh National park.
By Road – Bandhavgarh National Park is situated on the Satna-Umaria & Rewa-Umaria highway and spread over the entire Vindhya Ranges of central India and has got excellent connectivity to many major cities by roads. Bandhavgarh National Park is well connected to Major Cities and Places by road network. There are a number of government and privately operated vehicles that go to Bandhavgarh National park at frequent intervals.
Distance from Major Cities or Places
Umaria – about 35 km
Khajuraho – about 270 km
Jabalpur – about 165 km
Satna – about 120 km
Katni – about 105 km
Other National Parks in Madhya Pradesh. Name of National Parks, Year of Notification and Total Area is as follows………
|S. No.||Name of National Park||Year of Notification||Total Area (km²)|
|1||Kanha National Park||Madhya Pradesh||1955||940|
|2||Madhav National Park||Madhya Pradesh||1959||375.22|
|3||Mandla Plant Fossils National Park||Madhya Pradesh||1983||0.27|
|4||Panna National Park||Madhya Pradesh||1981||542.67|
|5||Pench (Priyadarshini) National Park||Madhya Pradesh||1975||292.85|
|6||Sanjay National Park||Madhya Pradesh||1981||466.88|
|7||Satpura National Park||Madhya Pradesh||1981||585.17|
|8||Van Vihar National Park||Madhya Pradesh||1979||4.45|